In resource-constrained environments, such as single-node OpenShift deployments, it is advantageous to reserve most of the CPU resources for your own workloads and configure OpenShift Container Platform to run on a fixed number of CPUs within the host. In these environments, management workloads, including the control plane, need to be configured to use fewer resources than they might by default in normal clusters. You can isolate the OpenShift Container Platform services, cluster management workloads, and infrastructure pods to run on a reserved set of CPUs.
When you use workload partitioning, the CPU resources used by OpenShift Container Platform for cluster management are isolated to a partitioned set of CPU resources on a single-node cluster. This partitioning isolates cluster management functions to the defined number of CPUs. All cluster management functions operate solely on that
The minimum number of reserved CPUs required for the management partition for a single-node cluster is four CPU Hyper threads (HTs). The set of pods that make up the baseline OpenShift Container Platform installation and a set of typical add-on Operators are annotated for inclusion in the management workload partition. These pods operate normally within the minimum size
cpuset configuration. Inclusion of Operators or workloads outside of the set of accepted management pods requires additional CPU HTs to be added to that partition.
Workload partitioning isolates the user workloads away from the platform workloads using the normal scheduling capabilities of Kubernetes to manage the number of pods that can be placed onto those cores, and avoids mixing cluster management workloads and user workloads.
When applying workload partitioning, use the Node Tuning Operator to implement the performance profile:
Workload partitioning pins the OpenShift Container Platform infrastructure pods to a defined
The performance profile pins the systemd services to a defined
cpuset configuration must match.
Workload partitioning introduces a new extended resource of
for each defined CPU pool, or workload-type. Kubelet advertises these new resources and CPU requests by pods allocated to the pool are accounted for within the corresponding resource rather than the typical
cpu resource. When workload partitioning is enabled, the
<workload-type>.workload.openshift.io/cores resource allows access to the CPU capacity of the host, not just the default CPU pool.