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Bonding at the pod level is vital to enable workloads inside pods that require high availability and more throughput. With pod-level bonding, you can create a bond interface from multiple single root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV) virtual function interfaces in a kernel mode interface. The SR-IOV virtual functions are passed into the pod and attached to a kernel driver.

One scenario where pod level bonding is required is creating a bond interface from multiple SR-IOV virtual functions on different physical functions. Creating a bond interface from two different physical functions on the host can be used to achieve high availability and throughput at pod level.

For guidance on tasks such as creating a SR-IOV network, network policies, network attachment definitions and pods, see Configuring an SR-IOV network device.

Configuring a bond interface from two SR-IOV interfaces

Bonding enables multiple network interfaces to be aggregated into a single logical "bonded" interface. Bond Container Network Interface (Bond-CNI) brings bond capability into containers.

Bond-CNI can be created using Single Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV) virtual functions and placing them in the container network namespace.

OpenShift Container Platform only supports Bond-CNI using SR-IOV virtual functions. The SR-IOV Network Operator provides the SR-IOV CNI plug-in needed to manage the virtual functions. Other CNIs or types of interfaces are not supported.

Prerequisites
  • The SR-IOV Network Operator must be installed and configured to obtain virtual functions in a container.

  • To configure SR-IOV interfaces, an SR-IOV network and policy must be created for each interface.

  • The SR-IOV Network Operator creates a network attachment definition for each SR-IOV interface, based on the SR-IOV network and policy defined.

  • The linkState is set to the default value auto for the SR-IOV virtual function.

Creating a bond network attachment definition

Now that the SR-IOV virtual functions are available, you can create a bond network attachment definition.

apiVersion: "k8s.cni.cncf.io/v1"
    kind: NetworkAttachmentDefinition
    metadata:
      name: bond-net1
      namespace: demo
    spec:
      config: '{
      "type": "bond", (1)
      "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
      "name": "bond-net1",
      "ifname: "bond0" (2)
      "mode": "active-backup", (3)
      "failOverMac": 1, (4)
      "linksInContainer": true, (5)
      "miimon": "100",
      "mtu": 1500,
      "links": [ (6)
            {"name": "net1"},
            {"name": "net2"}
        ],
      "ipam": {
            "type": "host-local"
            "subnet": "10.56.217.0/24"
            "routes": [{
            "dst": "0.0.0.0/0"
            }],
            "gateway": "10.56.217.1"
        }
      }'
1 The type is bond.
2 The ifname attribute specifies the name of the bond interface.
3 The mode attribute specifies the bonding mode.

The bonding modes supported are:

  • balance-rr - 0

  • active-backup - 1

  • balance-xor - 2

For balance-rr or balance-xor modes, you must set the trust mode to on for the SR-IOV virtual function.

4 The failover attribute is mandatory for active-backup mode.
5 The linksInContainer=true flag informs the Bond CNI that the interfaces required are to be found inside the container. By default Bond CNI looks for these interfaces on the host which does not work for integration with SRIOV and Multus.
6 The links section defines which interfaces will be used to create the bond. By default, Multus names the attached interfaces as: "net", plus a consecutive number, starting with one.

Creating a pod using a bond interface

You can now test the setup by creating a pod using a bond interface.

apiVersion: v1
    kind: Pod
    metadata:
      name: bondpod1
      namespace: demo
      annotations:
        k8s.v1.cni.cncf.io/networks: demo/sriovnet1, demo/sriovnet2, demo/bond-net1 (1)
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: podexample
        image: quay.io/openshift/origin-network-interface-bond-cni:4.11.0
        command: ["/bin/bash", "-c", "sleep INF"]
1 Note the network annotation: it contains two SR-IOV network attachments, and one bond network attachment. The bond attachment uses the two SR-IOV interfaces as bonded port interfaces.

You can inspect the pod interfaces with the following command:

$ oc rsh -n demo bondpod1
sh-4.4#
sh-4.4# ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN qlen 1000
link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth0@if150: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP,M-DOWN> mtu 1450 qdisc noqueue state UP
link/ether 62:b1:b5:c8:fb:7a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
inet 10.244.1.122/24 brd 10.244.1.255 scope global eth0
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
4: bond0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP400> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP qlen 1000
link/ether 9e:23:69:42:fb:8a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
inet 10.56.217.66/24 scope global bond0
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
43: net1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP800> mtu 1500 qdisc mq master bond0 state UP qlen 1000
link/ether 9e:23:69:42:fb:8a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff (1)
44: net2: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP800> mtu 1500 qdisc mq master bond0 state UP qlen 1000
link/ether 9e:23:69:42:fb:8a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff (2)
1 The net1 interface is based on an SR-IOV virtual function.
2 The net2 interface is based on an SR-IOV virtual function.