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Installing single-node OpenShift using the Assisted Installer

To install OpenShift Container Platform on a single node, use the web-based Assisted Installer wizard to guide you through the process and manage the installation.

Generating the discovery ISO with the Assisted Installer

Installing OpenShift Container Platform on a single node requires a discovery ISO, which the Assisted Installer can generate.

Procedure
  1. On the administration host, open a browser and navigate to Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager.

  2. Click Create Cluster to create a new cluster.

  3. In the Cluster name field, enter a name for the cluster.

  4. In the Base domain field, enter a base domain. For example:

    example.com

    All DNS records must be subdomains of this base domain and include the cluster name, for example:

    <cluster-name>.example.com

    You cannot change the base domain or cluster name after cluster installation.

  5. Select Install single node OpenShift (SNO) and complete the rest of the wizard steps. Download the discovery ISO.

  6. Make a note of the discovery ISO URL for installing with virtual media.

If you enable OpenShift Virtualization during this process, you must have a second local storage device of at least 50GiB for your virtual machines.

Installing single-node OpenShift with the Assisted Installer

Use the Assisted Installer to install the single-node cluster.

Procedure
  1. Attach the RHCOS discovery ISO to the target host.

  2. Configure the boot drive order in the server BIOS settings to boot from the attached discovery ISO and then reboot the server.

  3. On the administration host, return to the browser. Wait for the host to appear in the list of discovered hosts. If necessary, reload the Assisted Clusters page and select the cluster name.

  4. Complete the install wizard steps. Add networking details, including a subnet from the available subnets. Add the SSH public key if necessary.

  5. Monitor the installation’s progress. Watch the cluster events. After the installation process finishes writing the operating system image to the server’s hard disk, the server restarts.

  6. Remove the discovery ISO, and reset the server to boot from the installation drive.

    The server restarts several times automatically, deploying the control plane.

Installing single-node OpenShift manually

To install OpenShift Container Platform on a single node, first generate the installation ISO, and then boot the server from the ISO. You can monitor the installation using the openshift-install installation program.

Generating the installation ISO with coreos-installer

Installing OpenShift Container Platform on a single node requires an installation ISO, which you can generate with the following procedure.

Prerequisites
  • Install podman.

Procedure
  1. Set the OpenShift Container Platform version:

    $ OCP_VERSION=<ocp_version> (1)
    1 Replace <ocp_version> with the current version, for example, latest-4.11
  2. Set the host architecture:

    $ ARCH=<architecture> (1)
    1 Replace <architecture> with the target host architecture, for example, aarch64 or x86_64.
  3. Download the OpenShift Container Platform client (oc) and make it available for use by entering the following commands:

    $ curl -k https://mirror.openshift.com/pub/openshift-v4/clients/ocp/$OCP_VERSION/openshift-client-linux.tar.gz -o oc.tar.gz
    $ tar zxf oc.tar.gz
    $ chmod +x oc
  4. Download the OpenShift Container Platform installer and make it available for use by entering the following commands:

    $ curl -k https://mirror.openshift.com/pub/openshift-v4/clients/ocp/$OCP_VERSION/openshift-install-linux.tar.gz -o openshift-install-linux.tar.gz
    $ tar zxvf openshift-install-linux.tar.gz
    $ chmod +x openshift-install
  5. Retrieve the RHCOS ISO URL by running the following command:

    $ ISO_URL=$(./openshift-install coreos print-stream-json | grep location | grep $ARCH | grep iso | cut -d\" -f4)
  6. Download the RHCOS ISO:

    $ curl -L $ISO_URL -o rhcos-live.iso
  7. Prepare the install-config.yaml file:

    apiVersion: v1
    baseDomain: <domain> (1)
    compute:
    - name: worker
      replicas: 0 (2)
    controlPlane:
      name: master
      replicas: 1 (3)
    metadata:
      name: <name> (4)
    networking: (5)
      clusterNetwork:
      - cidr: 10.128.0.0/14
        hostPrefix: 23
      machineNetwork:
      - cidr: 10.0.0.0/16 (6)
      networkType: OVNKubernetes
      serviceNetwork:
      - 172.30.0.0/16
    platform:
      none: {}
    bootstrapInPlace:
      installationDisk: <path_to_install_drive> (7)
    pullSecret: '<pull_secret>' (8)
    sshKey: |
      <ssh_key> (9)
    1 Add the cluster domain name.
    2 Set the compute replicas to 0. This makes the control plane node schedulable.
    3 Set the controlPlane replicas to 1. In conjunction with the previous compute setting, this setting ensures the cluster runs on a single node.
    4 Set the metadata name to the cluster name.
    5 Set the networking details. OVN-Kubernetes is the only allowed networking type for single-node clusters.
    6 Set the cidr value to match the subnet of the single-node OpenShift cluster.
    7 Set the path to the installation disk drive, for example, /dev/sda.
    8 Copy the pull secret from the Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager and add the contents to this configuration setting.
    9 Add the public SSH key from the administration host so that you can log in to the cluster after installation.
  8. Generate OpenShift Container Platform assets by running the following commands:

    $ mkdir ocp
    $ cp install-config.yaml ocp
    $ ./openshift-install --dir=ocp create single-node-ignition-config
  9. Embed the ignition data into the RHCOS ISO by running the following commands:

    $ alias coreos-installer='podman run --privileged --pull always --rm \
            -v /dev:/dev -v /run/udev:/run/udev -v $PWD:/data \
            -w /data quay.io/coreos/coreos-installer:release'
    $ coreos-installer iso ignition embed -fi ocp/bootstrap-in-place-for-live-iso.ign rhcos-live.iso

Monitoring the cluster installation using openshift-install

Use openshift-install to monitor the progress of the single-node cluster installation.

Procedure
  1. Attach the modified RHCOS installation ISO to the target host.

  2. Configure the boot drive order in the server BIOS settings to boot from the attached discovery ISO and then reboot the server.

  3. On the administration host, monitor the installation by running the following command:

    $ ./openshift-install --dir=ocp wait-for install-complete

    The server restarts several times while deploying the control plane.

Verification
  • After the installation is complete, check the environment by running the following command:

    $ export KUBECONFIG=ocp/auth/kubeconfig
    $ oc get nodes
    Example output
    NAME                         STATUS   ROLES           AGE     VERSION
    control-plane.example.com    Ready    master,worker   10m     v1.24.0+beaaed6

Creating a bootable ISO image on a USB drive

You can install software using a bootable USB drive that contains an ISO image. Booting the server with the USB drive prepares the server for the software installation.

Procedure
  1. On the administration host, insert a USB drive into a USB port.

  2. Create a bootable USB drive, for example:

    # dd if=<path_to_iso> of=<path_to_usb> status=progress

    where:

    <path_to_iso>

    is the relative path to the downloaded ISO file, for example, rhcos-live.iso.

    <path_to_usb>

    is the location of the connected USB drive, for example, /dev/sdb.

    After the ISO is copied to the USB drive, you can use the USB drive to install software on the server.

Booting from an HTTP-hosted ISO image using the Redfish API

You can provision hosts in your network using ISOs that you install using the Redfish Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) API.

Prerequisites
  1. Download the installation Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS (RHCOS) ISO.

Procedure
  1. Copy the ISO file to an HTTP server accessible in your network.

  2. Boot the host from the hosted ISO file, for example:

    1. Call the redfish API to set the hosted ISO as the VirtualMedia boot media by running the following command:

      $ curl -k -u <bmc_username>:<bmc_password> -d '{"Image":"<hosted_iso_file>", "Inserted": true}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST <host_bmc_address>/redfish/v1/Managers/iDRAC.Embedded.1/VirtualMedia/CD/Actions/VirtualMedia.InsertMedia

      Where:

      <bmc_username>:<bmc_password>

      Is the username and password for the target host BMC.

      <hosted_iso_file>

      Is the URL for the hosted installation ISO, for example: http://webserver.example.com/rhcos-live-minimal.iso. The ISO must be accessible from the target host machine.

      <host_bmc_address>

      Is the BMC IP address of the target host machine.

    2. Set the host to boot from the VirtualMedia device by running the following command:

      $ curl -k -u <bmc_username>:<bmc_password> -X PATCH -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{"Boot": {"BootSourceOverrideTarget": "Cd", "BootSourceOverrideMode": "UEFI", "BootSourceOverrideEnabled": "Once"}}' <host_bmc_address>/redfish/v1/Systems/System.Embedded.1
    3. Reboot the host:

      $ curl -k -u <bmc_username>:<bmc_password> -d '{"ResetType": "ForceRestart"}' -H 'Content-type: application/json' -X POST <host_bmc_address>/redfish/v1/Systems/System.Embedded.1/Actions/ComputerSystem.Reset
    4. Optional: If the host is powered off, you can boot it using the {"ResetType": "On"} switch. Run the following command:

      $ curl -k -u <bmc_username>:<bmc_password> -d '{"ResetType": "On"}' -H 'Content-type: application/json' -X POST <host_bmc_address>/redfish/v1/Systems/System.Embedded.1/Actions/ComputerSystem.Reset