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Cluster Network Operator configuration

The configuration for the cluster network is specified as part of the Cluster Network Operator (CNO) configuration and stored in a custom resource (CR) object that is named cluster. The CR specifies the fields for the Network API in the operator.openshift.io API group.

The CNO configuration inherits the following fields during cluster installation from the Network API in the Network.config.openshift.io API group and these fields cannot be changed:

clusterNetwork

IP address pools from which pod IP addresses are allocated.

serviceNetwork

IP address pool for services.

defaultNetwork.type

Cluster network provider, such as OpenShift SDN or OVN-Kubernetes.

After cluster installation, you cannot modify the fields listed in the previous section.

Enabling the cluster-wide proxy

The Proxy object is used to manage the cluster-wide egress proxy. When a cluster is installed or upgraded without the proxy configured, a Proxy object is still generated but it will have a nil spec. For example:

apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v1
kind: Proxy
metadata:
  name: cluster
spec:
  trustedCA:
    name: ""
status:

A cluster administrator can configure the proxy for OpenShift Container Platform by modifying this cluster Proxy object.

Only the Proxy object named cluster is supported, and no additional proxies can be created.

Prerequisites
  • Cluster administrator permissions

  • OpenShift Container Platform oc CLI tool installed

Procedure
  1. Create a config map that contains any additional CA certificates required for proxying HTTPS connections.

    You can skip this step if the proxy’s identity certificate is signed by an authority from the RHCOS trust bundle.

    1. Create a file called user-ca-bundle.yaml with the following contents, and provide the values of your PEM-encoded certificates:

      apiVersion: v1
      data:
        ca-bundle.crt: | (1)
          <MY_PEM_ENCODED_CERTS> (2)
      kind: ConfigMap
      metadata:
        name: user-ca-bundle (3)
        namespace: openshift-config (4)
      1 This data key must be named ca-bundle.crt.
      2 One or more PEM-encoded X.509 certificates used to sign the proxy’s identity certificate.
      3 The config map name that will be referenced from the Proxy object.
      4 The config map must be in the openshift-config namespace.
    2. Create the config map from this file:

      $ oc create -f user-ca-bundle.yaml
  2. Use the oc edit command to modify the Proxy object:

    $ oc edit proxy/cluster
  3. Configure the necessary fields for the proxy:

    apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v1
    kind: Proxy
    metadata:
      name: cluster
    spec:
      httpProxy: http://<username>:<pswd>@<ip>:<port> (1)
      httpsProxy: https://<username>:<pswd>@<ip>:<port> (2)
      noProxy: example.com (3)
      readinessEndpoints:
      - http://www.google.com (4)
      - https://www.google.com
      trustedCA:
        name: user-ca-bundle (5)
    1 A proxy URL to use for creating HTTP connections outside the cluster. The URL scheme must be http.
    2 A proxy URL to use for creating HTTPS connections outside the cluster. The URL scheme must be either http or https. Specify a URL for the proxy that supports the URL scheme. For example, most proxies will report an error if they are configured to use https but they only support http. This failure message may not propagate to the logs and can appear to be a network connection failure instead. If using a proxy that listens for https connections from the cluster, you may need to configure the cluster to accept the CAs and certificates that the proxy uses.
    3 A comma-separated list of destination domain names, domains, IP addresses or other network CIDRs to exclude proxying.

    Preface a domain with . to match subdomains only. For example, .y.com matches x.y.com, but not y.com. Use * to bypass proxy for all destinations. If you scale up workers that are not included in the network defined by the networking.machineNetwork[].cidr field from the installation configuration, you must add them to this list to prevent connection issues.

    This field is ignored if neither the httpProxy or httpsProxy fields are set.

    4 One or more URLs external to the cluster to use to perform a readiness check before writing the httpProxy and httpsProxy values to status.
    5 A reference to the config map in the openshift-config namespace that contains additional CA certificates required for proxying HTTPS connections. Note that the config map must already exist before referencing it here. This field is required unless the proxy’s identity certificate is signed by an authority from the RHCOS trust bundle.
  4. Save the file to apply the changes.

Setting DNS to private

After you deploy a cluster, you can modify its DNS to use only a private zone.

Procedure
  1. Review the DNS custom resource for your cluster:

    $ oc get dnses.config.openshift.io/cluster -o yaml
    Example output
    apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v1
    kind: DNS
    metadata:
      creationTimestamp: "2019-10-25T18:27:09Z"
      generation: 2
      name: cluster
      resourceVersion: "37966"
      selfLink: /apis/config.openshift.io/v1/dnses/cluster
      uid: 0e714746-f755-11f9-9cb1-02ff55d8f976
    spec:
      baseDomain: <base_domain>
      privateZone:
        tags:
          Name: <infrastructure_id>-int
          kubernetes.io/cluster/<infrastructure_id>: owned
      publicZone:
        id: Z2XXXXXXXXXXA4
    status: {}

    Note that the spec section contains both a private and a public zone.

  2. Patch the DNS custom resource to remove the public zone:

    $ oc patch dnses.config.openshift.io/cluster --type=merge --patch='{"spec": {"publicZone": null}}'
    dns.config.openshift.io/cluster patched

    Because the Ingress Controller consults the DNS definition when it creates Ingress objects, when you create or modify Ingress objects, only private records are created.

    DNS records for the existing Ingress objects are not modified when you remove the public zone.

  3. Optional: Review the DNS custom resource for your cluster and confirm that the public zone was removed:

    $ oc get dnses.config.openshift.io/cluster -o yaml
    Example output
    apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v1
    kind: DNS
    metadata:
      creationTimestamp: "2019-10-25T18:27:09Z"
      generation: 2
      name: cluster
      resourceVersion: "37966"
      selfLink: /apis/config.openshift.io/v1/dnses/cluster
      uid: 0e714746-f755-11f9-9cb1-02ff55d8f976
    spec:
      baseDomain: <base_domain>
      privateZone:
        tags:
          Name: <infrastructure_id>-int
          kubernetes.io/cluster/<infrastructure_id>-wfpg4: owned
    status: {}

Configuring ingress cluster traffic

OpenShift Container Platform provides the following methods for communicating from outside the cluster with services running in the cluster:

  • If you have HTTP/HTTPS, use an Ingress Controller.

  • If you have a TLS-encrypted protocol other than HTTPS, such as TLS with the SNI header, use an Ingress Controller.

  • Otherwise, use a load balancer, an external IP, or a node port.

Method Purpose

Use an Ingress Controller

Allows access to HTTP/HTTPS traffic and TLS-encrypted protocols other than HTTPS, such as TLS with the SNI header.

Automatically assign an external IP by using a load balancer service

Allows traffic to non-standard ports through an IP address assigned from a pool.

Manually assign an external IP to a service

Allows traffic to non-standard ports through a specific IP address.

Configure a NodePort

Expose a service on all nodes in the cluster.

Configuring the node port service range

As a cluster administrator, you can expand the available node port range. If your cluster uses of a large number of node ports, you might need to increase the number of available ports.

The default port range is 30000-32767. You can never reduce the port range, even if you first expand it beyond the default range.

Prerequisites

  • Your cluster infrastructure must allow access to the ports that you specify within the expanded range. For example, if you expand the node port range to 30000-32900, the inclusive port range of 32768-32900 must be allowed by your firewall or packet filtering configuration.

Expanding the node port range

You can expand the node port range for the cluster.

Prerequisites
  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • Log in to the cluster with a user with cluster-admin privileges.

Procedure
  1. To expand the node port range, enter the following command. Replace <port> with the largest port number in the new range.

    $ oc patch network.config.openshift.io cluster --type=merge -p \
      '{
        "spec":
          { "serviceNodePortRange": "30000-<port>" }
      }'

    You can alternatively apply the following YAML to update the node port range:

    apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v1
    kind: Network
    metadata:
      name: cluster
    spec:
      serviceNodePortRange: "30000-<port>"
    Example output
    network.config.openshift.io/cluster patched
  2. To confirm that the configuration is active, enter the following command. It can take several minutes for the update to apply.

    $ oc get configmaps -n openshift-kube-apiserver config \
      -o jsonpath="{.data['config\.yaml']}" | \
      grep -Eo '"service-node-port-range":["[[:digit:]]+-[[:digit:]]+"]'
    Example output
    "service-node-port-range":["30000-33000"]

Configuring IPsec encryption

With IPsec enabled, all network traffic between nodes on the OVN-Kubernetes Container Network Interface (CNI) cluster network travels through an encrypted tunnel.

IPsec is disabled by default.

Prerequisites

  • Your cluster must use the OVN-Kubernetes cluster network provider.

Enabling IPsec encryption

As a cluster administrator, you can enable IPsec encryption after cluster installation.

Prerequisites
  • Install the Op