Learn about OpenShift Virtualization’s capabilities and support scope.
OpenShift Virtualization is an add-on to OpenShift Container Platform that allows you to run and manage virtual machine workloads alongside container workloads.
OpenShift Virtualization adds new objects into your OpenShift Container Platform cluster by using Kubernetes custom resources to enable virtualization tasks. These tasks include:
Creating and managing Linux and Windows virtual machines (VMs)
Running pod and VM workloads alongside each other in a cluster
Connecting to virtual machines through a variety of consoles and CLI tools
Importing and cloning existing virtual machines
Managing network interface controllers and storage disks attached to virtual machines
Live migrating virtual machines between nodes
An enhanced web console provides a graphical portal to manage these virtualized resources alongside the OpenShift Container Platform cluster containers and infrastructure.
OpenShift Virtualization is designed and tested to work well with Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation features.
You can use OpenShift Virtualization with the OVN-Kubernetes, OpenShift SDN, or one of the other certified network plugins listed in Certified OpenShift CNI Plug-ins.
You can check your OpenShift Virtualization cluster for compliance issues by installing the Compliance Operator and running a scan with the
ocp4-moderate-node profiles. The Compliance Operator uses OpenSCAP, a NIST-certified tool, to scan and enforce security policies.
OpenShift Virtualization integration with the Compliance Operator is a Technology Preview feature only. Technology Preview features are not supported with Red Hat production service level agreements (SLAs) and might not be functionally complete. Red Hat does not recommend using them in production. These features provide early access to upcoming product features, enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback during the development process.
For more information about the support scope of Red Hat Technology Preview features, see Technology Preview Features Support Scope.
If you use the storage API with known storage providers, volume and access modes are selected automatically. However, if you use a storage class that does not have a storage profile, you must select the volume and access mode.
For best results, use
accessMode: ReadWriteMany and
volumeMode: Block. This is important for the following reasons:
The ReadWriteMany (RWX) access mode is required for live migration.
Block volume mode performs significantly better in comparison to the
Filesystem volume mode. This is because the
Filesystem volume mode uses more storage layers, including a file system layer and a disk image file. These layers are not necessary for VM disk storage.
For example, if you use Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation, Ceph RBD volumes are preferable to CephFS volumes.
You cannot live migrate virtual machines that use:
Do not set the
You can install OpenShift Virtualization on a single-node cluster.
When provisioning a single-node OpenShift cluster with the assisted installer, preconfigured persistent storage is deployed automatically.
In OpenShift Virtualization 4.10 and 4.11, the HostPath Provisioner (HPP) is automatically installed.
In OpenShift Virtualization 4.12, the OpenShift Data Foundation Logical Volume Manager Operator is the provided out-of-the-box storage solution. You can also manually deploy using the HPP.
Single-node OpenShift does not support high availability. Be aware of the following differences in functionality from a multiple-node cluster: