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You can install the multicluster engine for Kubernetes operator and deploy a hub cluster with the Agent-based OpenShift Container Platform Installer. The following procedure is partially automated and requires manual steps after the initial cluster is deployed.

Prerequisites

Preparing an agent-based cluster deployment for the multicluster engine for Kubernetes operator while disconnected

You can mirror the required OpenShift Container Platform container images, the multicluster engine for Kubernetes operator, and the Local Storage Operator (LSO) into your local mirror registry in a disconnected environment. Ensure that you note the local DNS hostname and port of your mirror registry.

To mirror your OpenShift Container Platform image repository to your mirror registry, you can use either the oc adm release image or oc mirror command. In this procedure, the oc mirror command is used as an example.

Procedure
  1. Create an <assets_directory> folder to contain valid install-config.yaml and agent-config.yaml files. This directory is used to store all the assets.

  2. To mirror an OpenShift Container Platform image repository, the multicluster engine, and the LSO, create a ImageSetConfiguration.yaml file with the following settings:

    Example ImageSetConfiguration.yaml
      kind: ImageSetConfiguration
      apiVersion: mirror.openshift.io/v1alpha2
      archiveSize: 4 (1)
      storageConfig: (2)
        imageURL: <your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>/mirror/oc-mirror-metadata (3)
        skipTLS: true
      mirror:
        platform:
          architectures:
            - "amd64"
          channels:
            - name: stable-4.13 (4)
              type: ocp
        additionalImages:
          - name: registry.redhat.io/ubi9/ubi:latest
        operators:
          - catalog: registry.redhat.io/redhat/redhat-operator-index:v4.13 (5)
            packages: (6)
              - name: multicluster-engine (7)
              - name: local-storage-operator (8)
    1 Specify the maximum size, in GiB, of each file within the image set.
    2 Set the back-end location to receive the image set metadata. This location can be a registry or local directory. It is required to specify storageConfig values.
    3 Set the registry URL for the storage backend.
    4 Set the channel that contains the OpenShift Container Platform images for the version you are installing.
    5 Set the Operator catalog that contains the OpenShift Container Platform images that you are installing.
    6 Specify only certain Operator packages and channels to include in the image set. Remove this field to retrieve all packages in the catalog.
    7 The multicluster engine packages and channels.
    8 The LSO packages and channels.

    This file is required by the oc mirror command when mirroring content.

  3. To mirror a specific OpenShift Container Platform image repository, the multicluster engine, and the LSO, run the following command:

    $ oc mirror --dest-skip-tls --config ocp-mce-imageset.yaml docker://<your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>
  4. Update the registry and certificate in the install-config.yaml file:

    Example imageContentSources.yaml
      imageContentSources:
        - source: "quay.io/openshift-release-dev/ocp-release"
          mirrors:
            - "<your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>/openshift/release-images"
        - source: "quay.io/openshift-release-dev/ocp-v4.0-art-dev"
          mirrors:
            - "<your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>/openshift/release"
        - source: "registry.redhat.io/ubi9"
          mirrors:
            - "<your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>/ubi9"
        - source: "registry.redhat.io/multicluster-engine"
          mirrors:
            - "<your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>/multicluster-engine"
        - source: "registry.redhat.io/rhel8"
          mirrors:
            - "<your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>/rhel8"
        - source: "registry.redhat.io/redhat"
          mirrors:
            - "<your-local-registry-dns-name>:<your-local-registry-port>/redhat"

    Additionally, ensure your certificate is present in the additionalTrustBundle field of the install-config.yaml.

    Example install-config.yaml
    additionalTrustBundle: |
      -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
      zzzzzzzzzzz
      -----END CERTIFICATE-------

    The oc mirror command creates a folder called oc-mirror-workspace with several outputs. This includes the imageContentSourcePolicy.yaml file that identifies all the mirrors you need for OpenShift Container Platform and your selected Operators.

  5. Generate the cluster manifests by running the following command:

    $ openshift-install agent create cluster-manifests

    This command updates the cluster manifests folder to include a mirror folder that contains your mirror configuration.

Preparing an agent-based cluster deployment for the multicluster engine for Kubernetes operator while connected

Create the required manifests for the multicluster engine for Kubernetes operator, the Local Storage Operator (LSO), and to deploy an agent-based OpenShift Container Platform cluster as a hub cluster.

Procedure
  1. Create a sub-folder named openshift in the <assets_directory> folder. This sub-folder is used to store the extra manifests that will be applied during the installation to further customize the deployed cluster. The <assets_directory> folder contains all the assets including the install-config.yaml and agent-config.yaml files.

    The installer does not validate extra manifests.

  2. For the multicluster engine, create the following manifests and save them in the <assets_directory>/openshift folder:

    Example mce_namespace.yaml
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: Namespace
      metadata:
        labels:
          openshift.io/cluster-monitoring: "true"
        name: multicluster-engine
    Example mce_operatorgroup.yaml
      apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1
      kind: OperatorGroup
      metadata:
        name: multicluster-engine-operatorgroup
        namespace: multicluster-engine
      spec:
        targetNamespaces:
        - multicluster-engine
    Example mce_subscription.yaml
      apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1alpha1
      kind: Subscription
      metadata:
        name: multicluster-engine
        namespace: multicluster-engine
      spec:
        channel: "stable-2.3"
        name: multicluster-engine
        source: redhat-operators
        sourceNamespace: openshift-marketplace

    You can install a distributed unit (DU) at scale with the Red Hat Advanced Cluster Management (RHACM) using the assisted installer (AI). These distributed units must be enabled in the hub cluster. The AI service requires persistent volumes (PVs), which are manually created.

  3. For the AI service, create the following manifests and save them in the <assets_directory>/openshift folder:

    Example lso_namespace.yaml
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: Namespace
      metadata:
        annotations:
          openshift.io/cluster-monitoring: "true"
        name: openshift-local-storage
    Example lso_operatorgroup.yaml
      apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1
      kind: OperatorGroup
      metadata:
        name: local-operator-group
        namespace: openshift-local-storage
      spec:
        targetNamespaces:
          - openshift-local-storage
    Example lso_subscription.yaml
      apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1alpha1
      kind: Subscription
      metadata:
        name: local-storage-operator
        namespace: openshift-local-storage
      spec:
        installPlanApproval: Automatic
        name: local-storage-operator
        source: redhat-operators
        sourceNamespace: openshift-marketplace

    After creating all the manifests, your filesystem must display as follows:

    Example Filesystem
    <assets_directory>
        ├─ install-config.yaml
        ├─ agent-config.yaml
        └─ /openshift
            ├─ mce_namespace.yaml
            ├─ mce_operatorgroup.yaml
            ├─ mce_subscription.yaml
            ├─ lso_namespace.yaml
            ├─ lso_operatorgroup.yaml
            └─ lso_subscription.yaml
  4. Create the agent ISO image by running the following command:

    $ openshift-install agent create image --dir <assets_directory>
  5. When the image is ready, boot the target machine and wait for the installation to complete.

  6. To monitor the installation, run the following command:

    $ openshift-install agent wait-for install-complete --dir <assets_directory>

    To configure a fully functional hub cluster, you must create the following manifests and manually apply them by running the command $ oc apply -f <manifest-name>. The order of the manifest creation is important and where required, the waiting condition is displayed.

  7. For the PVs that are required by the AI service, create the following manifests:

      apiVersion: local.storage.openshift.io/v1
      kind: LocalVolume
      metadata:
       name: assisted-service
       namespace: openshift-local-storage
      spec:
       logLevel: Normal
       managementState: Managed
       storageClassDevices:
         - devicePaths:
             - /dev/vda
             - /dev/vdb
           storageClassName: assisted-service
           volumeMode: Filesystem
  8. Use the following command to wait for the availability of the PVs, before applying the subsequent manifests:

    $ oc wait localvolume -n openshift-local-storage assisted-service --for condition=Available --timeout 10m
    The `devicePath` is an example and may vary depending on the actual hardware configuration used.
  9. Create a manifest for a multicluster engine instance.

    Example MultiClusterEngine.yaml
      apiVersion: multicluster.openshift.io/v1
      kind: MultiClusterEngine
      metadata:
        name: multiclusterengine
      spec: {}
  10. Create a manifest to enable the AI service.

    Example agentserviceconfig.yaml
      apiVersion: agent-install.openshift.io/v1beta1
      kind: AgentServiceConfig
      metadata:
        name: agent
        namespace: assisted-installer
      spec:
       databaseStorage:
        storageClassName: assisted-service
        accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
        resources:
         requests:
          storage: 10Gi
       filesystemStorage:
        storageClassName: assisted-service
        accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
        resources:
         requests:
          storage: 10Gi
  11. Create a manifest to deploy subsequently spoke clusters.

    Example clusterimageset.yaml
      apiVersion: hive.openshift.io/v1
      kind: ClusterImageSet
      metadata:
        name: "4.13"
      spec:
        releaseImage: quay.io/openshift-release-dev/ocp-release:4.13.0-x86_64
  12. Create a manifest to import the agent installed cluster (that hosts the multicluster engine and the Assisted Service) as the hub cluster.

    Example autoimport.yaml
      apiVersion: cluster.open-cluster-management.io/v1
      kind: ManagedCluster
      metadata:
       labels:
         local-cluster: "true"
         cloud: auto-detect
         vendor: auto-detect
       name: local-cluster
      spec:
       hubAcceptsClient: true
  13. Wait for the managed cluster to be created.

    $ oc wait -n multicluster-engine managedclusters local-cluster --for condition=ManagedClusterJoined=True --timeout 10m
Verification
  • To confirm that the managed cluster installation is successful, run the following command:

    $ oc get managedcluster
    NAME            HUB ACCEPTED   MANAGED CLUSTER URLS             JOINED   AVAILABLE  AGE
    local-cluster   true           https://<your cluster url>:6443   True     True       77m
Additional resources