Overview

The OpenShift Container Platform CLI exposes commands for managing your applications, as well as lower level tools to interact with each component of your system. This topic guides you through getting started with the CLI, including installation and logging in to create your first project.

Prerequisites

Certain operations require Git to be locally installed on a client. For example, the command to create an application using a remote Git repository:

$ oc new-app https://github.com/<your_user>/<your_git_repo>

Before proceeding, install Git on your workstation. See the official Git documentation for instructions per your workstation’s operating system.

Installing the CLI

The easiest way to download the CLI is by accessing the About page on the web console if your cluster administrator has enabled the download links:

Command Line Tools

Installation options for the CLI vary depending on your operating system.

For Windows

The CLI for Windows is provided as a zip archive; you can download it from the Red Hat Customer Portal. After logging in with your Red Hat account, you must have an active OpenShift Enterprise subscription to access the downloads page:

Alternatively, if the cluster administrator has enabled it, you can download and unpack the CLI from the About page on the web console.

Tutorial Video:

The following video walks you through this process: Click here to watch

CLI Install for Windows

Then, unzip the archive with a ZIP program and move the oc binary to a directory on your PATH. To check your PATH, open the Command Prompt and run:

C:\> path

For Mac OS X

The CLI for Mac OS X is provided as a tar.gz archive; you can download it from the Red Hat Customer Portal. After logging in with your Red Hat account, you must have an active OpenShift Enterprise subscription to access the downloads page:

Alternatively, if the cluster administrator has enabled it, you can download and unpack the CLI from the About page on the web console.

Tutorial Video:

The following video walks you through this process: Click here to watch

CLI Install for Mac OS X

Then, unpack the archive and move the oc binary to a directory on your PATH. To check your PATH, open a Terminal window and run:

$ echo $PATH

For Linux

For Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7, you can install the CLI as an RPM using Red Hat Subscription Management (RHSM) if you have an active OpenShift Enterprise subscription on your Red Hat account:

# subscription-manager register
# subscription-manager attach --pool=<pool_ID> (1)
# subscription-manager repos --enable="rhel-7-server-ose-3.5-rpms"
# yum install atomic-openshift-clients
1 Pool ID for an active OpenShift Enterprise subscription

For RHEL, Fedora, and other Linux distributions, you can also download the CLI directly from the Red Hat Customer Portal as a tar.gz archive. After logging in with your Red Hat account, you must have an active OpenShift Enterprise subscription to access the downloads page.

Tutorial Video:

The following video walks you through this process: Click here to watch

CLI Install for Linux

Alternatively, if the cluster administrator has enabled it, you can download and unpack the CLI from the About page on the web console.

Then, unpack the archive and move the oc binary to a directory on your PATH. To check your path, run:

$ echo $PATH

To unpack the archive:

$ tar -xf <file>

Basic Setup and Login

The oc login command is the best way to initially set up the CLI, and it serves as the entry point for most users. The interactive flow helps you establish a session to an OpenShift Container Platform server with the provided credentials. The information is automatically saved in a CLI configuration file that is then used for subsequent commands.

The following example shows the interactive setup and login using the oc login command:

Example 1. Initial CLI Setup
$ oc login
OpenShift server [https://localhost:8443]: https://openshift.example.com (1)

Username: alice (2)
Authentication required for https://openshift.example.com (openshift)
Password: ******
Login successful. (3)

You don't have any projects. You can try to create a new project, by running

    $ oc new-project <projectname> (4)

Welcome to OpenShift! See 'oc help' to get started.
1 The command prompts for the OpenShift Container Platform server URL.
2 The command prompts for login credentials: a user name and password.
3 A session is established with the server, and a session token is received.
4 If you do not have a project, information is given on how to create one.

When you have completed the CLI configuration, subsequent commands use the configuration file for the server, session token, and project information.

You can log out of CLI using the oc logout command:

$ oc logout
User, alice, logged out of https://openshift.example.com

If you log in after creating or being granted access to a project, a project you have access to is automatically set as the current default, until switching to another one:

$ oc login
Username: alice
Authentication required for https://openshift.example.com (openshift)
Password:
Login successful.

Using project "aliceproject".

Additional options are also available for the oc login command.

If you have access to administrator credentials but are no longer logged in as the default system user system:admin, you can log back in as this user at any time as long as the credentials are still present in your CLI configuration file. The following command logs in and switches to the default project:

$ oc login -u system:admin -n default

CLI Configuration Files

A CLI configuration file permanently stores oc options and contains a series of authentication mechanisms and OpenShift Container Platform server connection information associated with nicknames.

As described in the previous section, the oc login command automatically creates and manages CLI configuration files. All information gathered by the command is stored in a configuration file located in ~/.kube/config. The current CLI configuration can be viewed using the following command:

Example 2. Viewing the CLI Configuration
$ oc config view
apiVersion: v1
clusters:
- cluster:
    server: https://openshift.example.com
  name: openshift
contexts:
- context:
    cluster: openshift
    namespace: aliceproject
    user: alice
  name: alice
current-context: alice
kind: Config
preferences: {}
users:
- name: alice
  user:
    token: NDM2N2MwODgtNjI1Yy10N3VhLTg1YmItYzI4NDEzZDUyYzVi

CLI configuration files can be used to setup multiple CLI profiles using various OpenShift Container Platform servers, namespaces, and users so that you can switch easily between them. The CLI can support multiple configuration files; they are loaded at runtime and merged together along with any override options specified from the command line.

Projects

A project in OpenShift Container Platform contains multiple objects to make up a logical application.

Most oc commands run in the context of a project. The oc login selects a default project during initial setup to be used with subsequent commands. Use the following command to display the project currently in use:

$ oc project

If you have access to multiple projects, use the following syntax to switch to a particular project by specifying the project name:

$ oc project <project_name>

For example:

$ oc project project02
Now using project 'project02'.

$ oc project project03
Now using project 'project03'.

$ oc project
Using project 'project03'.

The oc status command shows a high level overview of the project currently in use, with its components and their relationships, as shown in the following example:

$ oc status
In project OpenShift 3 Sample (test)

service database-test (172.30.17.113:6434 -> 3306)
  database-test deploys docker.io/library/mysql:latest
    #1 deployed 47 hours ago

service frontend-test (172.30.17.236:5432 -> 8080)
  frontend-test deploys origin-ruby-sample:test <-
    builds https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world with docker.io/openshift/ruby-20-centos7:latest
    not built yet
    #1 deployment waiting on image

To see more information about a service or deployment config, use 'oc describe service <name>' or 'oc describe dc <name>'.
You can use 'oc get pods,svc,dc,bc,builds' to see lists of each of the types described above.

What’s Next?

After you have logged in, you can create a new application and explore some common CLI operations.