Overview

You can create a new OpenShift Container Platform application from components including source or binary code, images and/or templates by using either the OpenShift CLI or web console.

Creating an Application Using the CLI

Creating an Application From Source Code

The new-app command allows you to create applications from source code in a local or remote Git repository.

To create an application using a Git repository in a local directory:

$ oc new-app /path/to/source/code

If using a local Git repository, the repository should have a remote named origin that points to a URL accessible by the OpenShift Container Platform cluster. If there is no recognised remote, new-app will create a binary build.

You can use a subdirectory of your source code repository by specifying a --context-dir flag. To create an application using a remote Git repository and a context subdirectory:

$ oc new-app https://github.com/openshift/sti-ruby.git \
    --context-dir=2.0/test/puma-test-app

Also, when specifying a remote URL, you can specify a Git branch to use by appending #<branch_name> to the end of the URL:

$ oc new-app https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world.git#beta4

The new-app command creates a build configuration, which itself creates a new application image from your source code. The new-app command typically also creates a deployment configuration to deploy the new image, and a service to provide load-balanced access to the deployment running your image.

OpenShift Container Platform automatically detects whether the Docker, Pipeline or Source build strategy should be used, and in the case of Source builds, detects an appropriate language builder image.

Build Strategy Detection

If a Jenkinsfile exists in the root or specified context directory of the source repository when creating a new application, OpenShift Container Platform generates a Pipeline build strategy. Otherwise, if a Dockerfile is found, OpenShift Container Platform generates a Docker build strategy. Otherwise, it generates a Source build strategy.

You can override the build strategy by setting the --strategy flag to either docker, pipeline or source.

$ oc new-app /home/user/code/myapp --strategy=docker

Language Detection

If using the Source build strategy, new-app attempts to determine the language builder to use by the presence of certain files in the root or specified context directory of the repository:

Table 1. Languages Detected by new-app
Language Files

dotnet

project.json, *.csproj

jee

pom.xml

nodejs

app.json, package.json

perl

cpanfile, index.pl

php

composer.json, index.php

python

requirements.txt, setup.py

ruby

Gemfile, Rakefile, config.ru

scala

build.sbt

golang

Godeps, main.go

After a language is detected, new-app searches the OpenShift Container Platform server for image stream tags that have a supports annotation matching the detected language, or an image stream that matches the name of the detected language. If a match is not found, new-app searches the Docker Hub registry for an image that matches the detected language based on name.

You can override the image the builder uses for a particular source repository by specifying the image (either an image stream or container specification) and the repository, with a ~ as a separator. Note that if this is done, build strategy detection and language detection are not carried out.

For example, to use the myproject/my-ruby image stream with the source in a remote repository:

$ oc new-app myproject/my-ruby~https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world.git

To use the openshift/ruby-20-centos7:latest container image stream with the source in a local repository:

$ oc new-app openshift/ruby-20-centos7:latest~/home/user/code/my-ruby-app

Creating an Application From an Image

You can deploy an application from an existing image. Images can come from image streams in the OpenShift Container Platform server, images in a specific registry or Docker Hub registry, or images in the local Docker server.

The new-app command attempts to determine the type of image specified in the arguments passed to it. However, you can explicitly tell new-app whether the image is a Docker image (using the --docker-image argument) or an image stream (using the -i|--image argument).

If you specify an image from your local Docker repository, you must ensure that the same image is available to the OpenShift Container Platform cluster nodes.

For example, to create an application from the DockerHub MySQL image:

$ oc new-app mysql

To create an application using an image in a private registry, specify the full Docker image specification:

$ oc new-app myregistry:5000/example/myimage

If the registry containing the image is not secured with SSL, cluster administrators must ensure that the Docker daemon on the OpenShift Container Platform node hosts is run with the --insecure-registry flag pointing to that registry. You must also tell new-app that the image comes from an insecure registry with the --insecure-registry flag.

You can create an application from an existing image stream and optional image stream tag:

$ oc new-app my-stream:v1

Creating an Application From a Template

You can create an application from a previously stored template or from a template file, by specifying the name of the template as an argument. For example, you can store a sample application template and use it to create an application.

To create an application from a stored template:

$ oc create -f examples/sample-app/application-template-stibuild.json
$ oc new-app ruby-helloworld-sample

To directly use a template in your local file system, without first storing it in OpenShift Container Platform, use the -f|--file argument:

$ oc new-app -f examples/sample-app/application-template-stibuild.json

Template Parameters

When creating an application based on a template, use the -p|--param argument to set parameter values defined by the template:

$ oc new-app ruby-helloworld-sample \
    -p ADMIN_USERNAME=admin -p ADMIN_PASSWORD=mypassword

You can store your parameters in a file, then use that file with --param-file when instantiating a template. If you want to read the parameters from standard input, use --param-file=-:

$ cat helloworld.params
ADMIN_USERNAME=admin
ADMIN_PASSWORD=mypassword
$ oc new-app ruby-helloworld-sample --param-file=helloworld.params
$ cat helloworld.params | oc new-app ruby-helloworld-sample --param-file=-

Further Modifying Application Creation

The new-app command generates OpenShift Container Platform objects that will build, deploy, and run the application being created. Normally, these objects are created in the current project using names derived from the input source repositories or the input images. However, new-app allows you to modify this behavior.

The set of objects created by new-app depends on the artifacts passed as input: source repositories, images, or templates.

Table 2. new-app Output Objects
Object Description

BuildConfig

A BuildConfig is created for each source repository specified in the command line. The BuildConfig specifies the strategy to use, the source location, and the build output location.

ImageStreams

For BuildConfig, two ImageStreams are usually created. One represents the input image. With Source builds, this is the builder image. With Docker builds, this is the FROM image. The second one represents the output image. If a container image was specified as input to new-app, then an image stream is created for that image as well.

DeploymentConfig

A DeploymentConfig is created either to deploy the output of a build, or a specified image. The new-app command creates EmptyDir volumes for all Docker volumes that are specified in containers included in the resulting DeploymentConfig.

Service

The new-app command attempts to detect exposed ports in input images. It uses the lowest numeric exposed port to generate a service that exposes that port. In order to expose a different port, after new-app has completed, simply use the oc expose command to generate additional services.

Other

Other objects may be generated when instantiating templates, according to the template.

Specifying Environment Variables

When generating applications from a template, source, or an image, you can use the -e|--env argument to pass environment variables to the application container at run time:

$ oc new-app openshift/postgresql-92-centos7 \
    -e POSTGRESQL_USER=user \
    -e POSTGRESQL_DATABASE=db \
    -e POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD=password

The variables can also be read from file using the --env-file argument:

$ cat postgresql.env
POSTGRESQL_USER=user
POSTGRESQL_DATABASE=db
POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD=password
$ oc new-app openshift/postgresql-92-centos7 --env-file=postgresql.env

Additionally, environment variables can be given on standard input by using --env-file=-:

$ cat postgresql.env | oc new-app openshift/postgresql-92-centos7 --env-file=-

See Managing Environment Variables for more information.

Any BuildConfig objects created as part of new-app processing will not be updated with environment variables passed via the -e|--env or --env-file argument.

Specifying Build Environment Variables

When generating applications from a template, source, or an image, you can use the --build-env argument to pass environment variables to the build container at run time:

$ oc new-app openshift/ruby-23-centos7 \
    --build-env HTTP_PROXY=http://myproxy.net:1337/ \
    --build-env GEM_HOME=~/.gem

The variables can also be read from a file using the --build-env-file argument:

$ cat ruby.env
HTTP_PROXY=http://myproxy.net:1337/
GEM_HOME=~/.gem
$ oc new-app openshift/ruby-23-centos7 --build-env-file=ruby.env

Additionally, environment variables can be given on standard input by using --build-env-file=-:

$ cat ruby.env | oc new-app openshift/ruby-23-centos7 --build-env-file=-

Specifying Labels

When generating applications from source, images, or templates, you can use the -l|--label argument to add labels to the created objects. Labels make it easy to collectively select, configure, and delete objects associated with the application.

$ oc new-app https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world -l name=hello-world

Viewing the Output Without Creation

To see a dry-run of what new-app will create, you can use the -o|--output argument with a yaml or json value. You can then use the output to preview the objects that will be created, or redirect it to a file that you can edit. Once you are satisfied, you can use oc create to create the OpenShift Container Platform objects.

To output new-app artifacts to a file, edit them, then create them:

$ oc new-app https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world \
    -o yaml > myapp.yaml
$ vi myapp.yaml
$ oc create -f myapp.yaml

Creating Objects With Different Names

Objects created by new-app are normally named after the source repository, or the image used to generate them. You can set the name of the objects produced by adding a --name flag to the command:

$ oc new-app https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world --name=myapp

Creating Objects in a Different Project

Normally, new-app creates objects in the current project. However, you can create objects in a different project that you have access to using the -n|--namespace argument:

$ oc new-app https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world -n myproject

Creating Multiple Objects

The new-app command allows creating multiple applications specifying multiple parameters to new-app. Labels specified in the command line apply to all objects created by the single command. Environment variables apply to all components created from source or images.

To create an application from a source repository and a Docker Hub image:

$ oc new-app https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world mysql

If a source code repository and a builder image are specified as separate arguments, new-app uses the builder image as the builder for the source code repository. If this is not the intent, specify the required builder image for the source using the ~ separator.

Grouping Images and Source in a Single Pod

The new-app command allows deploying multiple images together in a single pod. In order to specify which images to group together, use the + separator. The --group command line argument can also be used to specify the images that should be grouped together. To group the image built from a source repository with other images, specify its builder image in the group:

$ oc new-app nginx+mysql

To deploy an image built from source and an external image together:

$ oc new-app \
    ruby~https://github.com/openshift/ruby-hello-world \
    mysql \
    --group=ruby+mysql

Creating an Application Using the Web Console

  1. While in the desired project, click Add to Project:

    Web Console Create
  2. Select either a builder image from the list of images in your project, or from the global library:

    Select Builder Image

    Only image stream tags that have the builder tag listed in their annotations appear in this list, as demonstrated here:

    kind: "ImageStream"
    apiVersion: "v1"
    metadata:
      name: "ruby"
      creationTimestamp: null
    spec:
      dockerImageRepository: "registry.access.redhat.com/openshift3/ruby-20-rhel7"
      tags:
        -
          name: "2.0"
          annotations:
            description: "Build and run Ruby 2.0 applications"
            iconClass: "icon-ruby"
            tags: "builder,ruby" (1)
            supports: "ruby:2.0,ruby"
            version: "2.0"
    1 Including builder here ensures this ImageStreamTag appears in the web console as a builder.
  3. Modify the settings in the new application screen to configure the objects to support your application:

    Create from source
    1 The builder image name and description.
    2 The application name used for the generated OpenShift Container Platform objects.
    3 The Git repository URL, reference, and context directory for your source code.
    4 Routing configuration section for making this application publicly accessible.
    5 Build configuration section for customizing build triggers.
    6 Deployment configuration section for customizing deployment triggers and image environment variables.
    7 Replica scaling section for configuring the number of running instances of the application.
    8 The labels to assign to all items generated for the application. You can add and edit labels for all objects here.

    To see all of the configuration options, click the "Show advanced build and deployment options" link.