The openshift start command and its subcommands (master to launch a master server and node to launch a node server) take a limited set of arguments that are sufficient for launching servers in a development or experimental environment.

However, these arguments are insufficient to describe and control the full set of configuration and security options that are necessary in a production environment. You must provide those options in the Master host files, at /etc/origin/master/master-config.yaml and the node configuration maps:

These files define options including overriding the default plug-ins, connecting to etcd, automatically creating service accounts, building image names, customizing project requests, configuring volume plug-ins, and much more.

This topic covers the available options for customizing your OpenShift Container Platform master and node hosts, and shows you how to make changes to the configuration after installation.

These files are fully specified with no default values. Therefore, an empty value indicates that you want to start up with an empty value for that parameter. This makes it easy to reason about exactly what your configuration is, but it also makes it difficult to remember all of the options to specify. To make this easier, the configuration files can be created with the --write-config option and then used with the --config option.

Installation dependencies

Production environments should be installed using the standard cluster installation process. In production environments, it is a good idea to use multiple masters for the purposes of high availability (HA). A cluster architecture of three masters is recommended, and HAproxy is the recommended solution for this.

If etcd is installed on the master hosts, you must configure your cluster to use at least three masters, because etcd would not be able to decide which one is authoritative. The only way to successfully run only two masters is if you install etcd on hosts other than the masters.

Configuring masters and nodes

The method you use to configure your master and node configuration files must match the method that was used to install your OpenShift Container Platform cluster. If you followed the standard cluster installation processe, then make your configuration changes in the Ansible inventory file.

Making configuration changes using Ansible

For this section, familiarity with Ansible is assumed.

Only a portion of the available host configuration options are exposed to Ansible. After an OpenShift Container Platform install, Ansible creates an inventory file with some substituted values. Modifying this inventory file and re-running the Ansible installer playbook is how you customize your OpenShift Container Platform cluster.

While OpenShift Container Platform supports using Ansible for cluster installation, using an Ansible playbook and inventory file, you can also use other management tools, such as Puppet, Chef, Salt).

Use Case: Configuring the cluster to use HTPasswd authentication

  • This use case assumes you have already set up SSH keys to all the nodes referenced in the playbook.

  • The htpasswd utility is in the httpd-tools package:

    # yum install httpd-tools

To modify the Ansible inventory and make configuration changes:

  1. Open the ./hosts inventory file.

  2. Add the following new variables to the [OSEv3:vars] section of the file:

    # htpasswd auth
    openshift_master_identity_providers=[{'name': 'htpasswd_auth', 'login': 'true', 'challenge': 'true', 'kind': 'HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider'}]
    # Defining htpasswd users
    openshift_master_htpasswd_users={'<name>': '<hashed-password>', '<name>': '<hashed-password>'}
    # or
    #openshift_master_htpasswd_file=<path/to/local/pre-generated/htpasswdfile>

    For HTPasswd authentication, you can use either the openshift_master_htpasswd_users variable to create the specified user(s) and password(s) or the openshift_master_htpasswd_file variable to specify a pre-generated flat file (the htpasswd file) with the users and passwords already created.

    Because OpenShift Container Platform requires a hashed password to configure HTPasswd authentication, you can use the htpasswd command, as shown in the following section, to generate the hashed password(s) for your user(s) or to create the flat file with the users and associated hashed passwords.

    The following example changes the authentication method from the default deny all setting to htpasswd and use the specified file to generate user IDs and passwords for the jsmith and bloblaw users.

    # htpasswd auth
    openshift_master_identity_providers=[{'name': 'htpasswd_auth', 'login': 'true', 'challenge': 'true', 'kind': 'HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider'}]
    # Defining htpasswd users
    openshift_master_htpasswd_users={'jsmith': '$apr1$wIwXkFLI$bAygtKGmPOqaJftB', 'bloblaw': '7IRJ$2ODmeLoxf4I6sUEKfiA$2aDJqLJe'}
    # or
    #openshift_master_htpasswd_file=<path/to/local/pre-generated/htpasswdfile>
  3. Re-run the ansible playbook for these modifications to take effect:

    $ ansible-playbook -b -i ./hosts ~/src/openshift-ansible/playbooks/deploy_cluster.yml

    The playbook updates the configuration, and restarts the OpenShift Container Platform master service to apply the changes.

You have now modified the master and node configuration files using Ansible, but this is just a simple use case. From here you can see which master and node configuration options are exposed to Ansible and customize your own Ansible inventory.

Using the htpasswd commmand

To configure the OpenShift Container Platform cluster to use HTPasswd authentication, you need at least one user with a hashed password to include in the inventory file.

You can:

To create a user and hashed password:

  1. Run the following command to add the specified user:

    $ htpasswd -n <user_name>

    You can include the -b option to supply the password on the command line:

    $ htpasswd -nb <user_name> <password>
  2. Enter and confirm a clear-text password for the user.

    For example:

    $ htpasswd -n myuser
    New password:
    Re-type new password:
    myuser:$apr1$vdW.cI3j$WSKIOzUPs6Q

    The command generates a hashed version of the password.

You can then use the hashed password when configuring HTPasswd authentication. The hashed password is the string after the :. In the above example,you would enter:

openshift_master_htpasswd_users={'myuser': '$apr1$wIwXkFLI$bAygtISk2eKGmqaJftB'}

To create a flat file with a user name and hashed password:

  1. Execute the following command:

    $ htpasswd -c </path/to/users.htpasswd> <user_name>

    You can include the -b option to supply the password on the command line:

    $ htpasswd -c -b <user_name> <password>
  2. Enter and confirm a clear-text password for the user.

    For example:

    htpasswd -c users.htpasswd user1
    New password:
    Re-type new password:
    Adding password for user user1

    The command generates a file that includes the user name and a hashed version of the user’s password.

You can then use the password file when configuring HTPasswd authentication.

For more information on the htpasswd command, see HTPasswd Identity Provider.

Making manual configuration changes

Use Case: Configure the cluster to use HTPasswd authentication

To manually modify a configuration file:

  1. Open the configuration file you want to modify, which in this case is the /etc/origin/master/master-config.yaml file:

  2. Add the following new variables to the identityProviders stanza of the file:

    oauthConfig:
      ...
      identityProviders:
      - name: my_htpasswd_provider
        challenge: true
        login: true
        mappingMethod: claim
        provider:
          apiVersion: v1
          kind: HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider
          file: /path/to/users.htpasswd
  3. Save your changes and close the file.

  4. Restart the master for the changes to take effect:

    # master-restart api
    # master-restart controllers

You have now manually modified the master and node configuration files, but this is just a simple use case. From here you can see all the master and node configuration options, and further customize your own cluster by making further modifications.

To modify a node in your cluster, update the node configuration maps as needed. Do not manually edit the node-config.yaml file.

Master Configuration Files

This section reviews parameters mentioned in the master-config.yaml file.

You can create a new master configuration file to see the valid options for your installed version of OpenShift Container Platform.

Whenever you modify the master-config.yaml file, you must restart the master for the changes to take effect. See Restarting OpenShift Container Platform services.

Admission Control Configuration

Table 1. Admission Control Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

AdmissionConfig

Contains the admission control plug-in configuration. OpenShift Container Platform has a configurable list of admission controller plug-ins that are triggered whenever API objects are created or modified. This option allows you to override the default list of plug-ins; for example, disabling some plug-ins, adding others, changing the ordering, and specifying configuration. Both the list of plug-ins and their configuration can be controlled from Ansible.

APIServerArguments

Key-value pairs that will be passed directly to the Kube API server that match the API servers' command line arguments. These are not migrated, but if you reference a value that does not exist the server will not start. These values may override other settings in KubernetesMasterConfig, which may cause invalid configurations. Use APIServerArguments with the event-ttl value to store events in etcd. The default is 2h, but it can be set to less to prevent memory growth:

apiServerArguments:
  event-ttl:
  - "15m"

ControllerArguments

Key-value pairs that will be passed directly to the Kube controller manager that match the controller manager’s command line arguments. These are not migrated, but if you reference a value that does not exist the server will not start. These values may override other settings in KubernetesMasterConfig, which may cause invalid configurations.

DefaultAdmissionConfig

Used to enable or disable various admission plug-ins. When this type is present as the configuration object under pluginConfig and if the admission plug-in supports it, this will cause an off by default admission plug-in to be enabled.

PluginConfig

Allows specifying a configuration file per admission control plug-in.

PluginOrderOverride

A list of admission control plug-in names that will be installed on the master. Order is significant. If empty, a default list of plug-ins is used.

SchedulerArguments

Key-value pairs that will be passed directly to the Kube scheduler that match the scheduler’s command line arguments. These are not migrated, but if you reference a value that does not exist the server will not start. These values may override other settings in KubernetesMasterConfig, which may cause invalid configurations.

Asset Configuration

Table 2. Asset Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

AssetConfig

If present, then the asset server starts based on the defined parameters. For example:

assetConfig:
  logoutURL: ""
  masterPublicURL: https://master.ose32.example.com:8443
  publicURL: https://master.ose32.example.com:8443/console/
  servingInfo:
    bindAddress: 0.0.0.0:8443
    bindNetwork: tcp4
    certFile: master.server.crt
    clientCA: ""
    keyFile: master.server.key
    maxRequestsInFlight: 0
    requestTimeoutSeconds: 0

corsAllowedOrigins

To access the API server from a web application using a different host name, you must whitelist that host name by specifying corsAllowedOrigins in the configuration field or by specifying the --cors-allowed-origins option on openshift start. No pinning or escaping is done to the value. See Web Console for example usage.

DisabledFeatures

A list of features that should not be started. You will likely want to set this as null. It is very unlikely that anyone will want to manually disable features and that is not encouraged.

Extensions

Files to serve from the asset server file system under a subcontext.

ExtensionDevelopment

When set to true, tells the asset server to reload extension scripts and stylesheets for every request rather than only at startup. It lets you develop extensions without having to restart the server for every change.

ExtensionProperties

Key- (string) and value- (string) pairs that will be injected into the console under the global variable OPENSHIFT_EXTENSION_PROPERTIES.

ExtensionScripts

File paths on the asset server files to load as scripts when the web console loads.

ExtensionStylesheets

File paths on the asset server files to load as style sheets when the web console loads.

LoggingPublicURL

The public endpoint for logging (optional).

LogoutURL

An optional, absolute URL to redirect web browsers to after logging out of the web console. If not specified, the built-in logout page is shown.

MasterPublicURL

How the web console can access the OpenShift Container Platform server.

MetricsPublicURL

The public endpoint for metrics (optional).

PublicURL

URL of the asset server.

Authentication and Authorization Configuration

Table 3. Authentication and Authorization Parameters
Parameter Name Description

authConfig

Holds authentication and authorization configuration options.

AuthenticationCacheSize

Indicates how many authentication results should be cached. If 0, the default cache size is used.

AuthorizationCacheTTL

Indicates how long an authorization result should be cached. It takes a valid time duration string (e.g. "5m"). If empty, you get the default timeout. If zero (e.g. "0m"), caching is disabled.

Controller Configuration

Table 4. Controller Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

Controllers

List of the controllers that should be started. If set to none, no controllers will start automatically. The default value is * which will start all controllers. When using *, you may exclude controllers by prepending a - in front of their name. No other values are recognized at this time.

ControllerLeaseTTL

Enables controller election, instructing the master to attempt to acquire a lease before controllers start and renewing it within a number of seconds defined by this value. Setting this value non-negative forces pauseControllers=true. This value defaults off (0, or omitted) and controller election can be disabled with -1.

PauseControllers

Instructs the master to not automatically start controllers, but instead to wait until a notification to the server is received before launching them.

etcd Configuration

Table 5. etcd Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

Address

The advertised host:port for client connections to etcd.

etcdClientInfo

Contains information about how to connect to etcd. Specifies if etcd is run as embedded or non-embedded, and the hosts. The rest of the configuration is handled by the Ansible inventory. For example:

etcdClientInfo:
  ca: ca.crt
  certFile: master.etcd-client.crt
  keyFile: master.etcd-client.key
  urls:
  - https://m1.aos.example.com:4001

etcdConfig

If present, then etcd starts based on the defined parameters. For example:

etcdConfig:
  address: master.ose32.example.com:4001
  peerAddress: master.ose32.example.com:7001
  peerServingInfo:
    bindAddress: 0.0.0.0:7001
    certFile: etcd.server.crt
    clientCA: ca.crt
    keyFile: etcd.server.key
  servingInfo:
    bindAddress: 0.0.0.0:4001
    certFile: etcd.server.crt
    clientCA: ca.crt
    keyFile: etcd.server.key
  storageDirectory: /var/lib/origin/openshift.local.etcd

etcdStorageConfig

Contains information about how API resources are stored in etcd. These values are only relevant when etcd is the backing store for the cluster.

KubernetesStoragePrefix

The path within etcd that the Kubernetes resources will be rooted under. This value, if changed, will mean existing objects in etcd will no longer be located. The default value is kubernetes.io.

KubernetesStorageVersion

The API version that Kubernetes resources in etcd should be serialized to. This value should not be advanced until all clients in the cluster that read from etcd have code that allows them to read the new version.

OpenShiftStoragePrefix

The path within etcd that the OpenShift Container Platform resources will be rooted under. This value, if changed, will mean existing objects in etcd will no longer be located. The default value is openshift.io.

OpenShiftStorageVersion

API version that OS resources in etcd should be serialized to. This value should not be advanced until all clients in the cluster that read from etcd have code that allows them to read the new version.

PeerAddress

The advertised host:port for peer connections to etcd.

PeerServingInfo

Describes how to start serving the etcd peer.

ServingInfo

Describes how to start serving. For example:

servingInfo:
  bindAddress: 0.0.0.0:8443
  bindNetwork: tcp4
  certFile: master.server.crt
  clientCA: ca.crt
  keyFile: master.server.key
  maxRequestsInFlight: 500
  requestTimeoutSeconds: 3600

StorageDir

The path to the etcd storage directory.

Grant Configuration

Table 6. Grant Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

GrantConfig

Describes how to handle grants.

GrantHandlerAuto

Auto-approves client authorization grant requests.

GrantHandlerDeny

Auto-denies client authorization grant requests.

GrantHandlerPrompt

Prompts the user to approve new client authorization grant requests.

Method

Determines the default strategy to use when an OAuth client requests a grant.This method will be used only if the specific OAuth client does not provide a strategy of their own. Valid grant handling methods are:

  • auto: always approves grant requests, useful for trusted clients

  • prompt: prompts the end user for approval of grant requests, useful for third-party clients

  • deny: always denies grant requests, useful for black-listed clients

Image Configuration

Table 7. Image Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

Format

The format of the name to be built for the system component.

Latest

Determines if the latest tag will be pulled from the registry.

Image Policy Configuration

Table 8. Image Policy Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

DisableScheduledImport

Allows scheduled background import of images to be disabled.

MaxImagesBulkImportedPerRepository

Controls the number of images that are imported when a user does a bulk import of a Docker repository. This number defaults to 5 to prevent users from importing large numbers of images accidentally. Set -1 for no limit.

MaxScheduledImageImportsPerMinute

The maximum number of scheduled image streams that will be imported in the background per minute. The default value is 60.

ScheduledImageImportMinimumIntervalSeconds

The minimum number of seconds that can elapse between when image streams scheduled for background import are checked against the upstream repository. The default value is 15 minutes.

AllowedRegistriesForImport

Limits the docker registries that normal users may import images from. Set this list to the registries that you trust to contain valid Docker images and that you want applications to be able to import from. Users with permission to create Images or ImageStreamMappings via the API are not affected by this policy - typically only administrators or system integrations will have those permissions.

AdditionalTrustedCA

Specified a filepath to a PEM-encoded file listing additional certificate authorities that should be trusted during imagestream import. This file needs to be accessible to the API server process. Depending how your cluster is installed, this may require mounting the file into the API server pod.

InternalRegistryHostname

Sets the hostname for the default internal image registry. The value must be in hostname[:port] format. For backward compatibility, users can still use OPENSHIFT_DEFAULT_REGISTRY environment variable but this setting overrides the environment variable. When this is set, the internal registry must have its hostname set as well. See setting the registry hostname for more details.

ExternalRegistryHostname

ExternalRegistryHostname sets the hostname for the default external image registry. The external hostname should be set only when the image registry is exposed externally. The value is used in publicDockerImageRepository field in ImageStreams. The value must be in hostname[:port] format.

Kubernetes Master Configuration

Table 9. Kubernetes Master Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

APILevels

A list of API levels that should be enabled on startup, v1 as examples.

DisabledAPIGroupVersions

A map of groups to the versions (or *) that should be disabled.

KubeletClientInfo

Contains information about how to connect to kubelets.

KubernetesMasterConfig

Contains information about how to connect to kubelet’s KubernetesMasterConfig. If present, then start the kubernetes master with this process.

MasterCount

The number of expected masters that should be running. This value defaults to 1 and may be set to a positive integer, or if set to -1, indicates this is part of a cluster.

MasterIP

The public IP address of Kubernetes resources. If empty, the first result from net.InterfaceAddrs will be used.

MasterKubeConfig

File name for the .kubeconfig file that describes how to connect this node to the master.

ServicesNodePortRange

The range to use for assigning service public ports on a host. Default 30000-32767.

ServicesSubnet

The subnet to use for assigning service IPs.

StaticNodeNames

The list of nodes that are statically known.

Network Configuration

Choose the CIDRs in the following parameters carefully, because the IPv4 address space is shared by all users of the nodes. OpenShift Container Platform reserves CIDRs from the IPv4 address space for its own use, and reserves CIDRs from the IPv4 address space for addresses that are shared between the external user and the cluster.

Table 10. Network Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

ClusterNetworkCIDR

The CIDR string to specify the global overlay network’s L3 space. This is reserved for the internal use of the cluster networking.

externalIPNetworkCIDRs

Controls what values are acceptable for the service external IP field. If empty, no externalIP may be set. It may contain a list of CIDRs which are checked for access. If a CIDR is prefixed with !, IPs in that CIDR will be rejected. Rejections will be applied first, then the IP checked against one of the allowed CIDRs. You must ensure this range does not overlap with your nodes, pods, or service CIDRs for security reasons.

HostSubnetLength

The number of bits to allocate to each host’s subnet. For example, 8 would mean a /24 network on the host.

ingressIPNetworkCIDR

Controls the range to assign ingress IPs from for services of type LoadBalancer on bare metal. It may contain a single CIDR that it will be allocated from. By default 172.46.0.0/16 is configured. For security reasons, you should ensure that this range does not overlap with the CIDRs reserved for external IPs, nodes, pods, or services.

HostSubnetLength

The number of bits to allocate to each host’s subnet. For example, 8 would mean a /24 network on the host.

NetworkConfig

To be passed to the compiled-in-network plug-in. Many of the options here can be controlled in the Ansible inventory.

  • NetworkPluginName (string)

  • ClusterNetworkCIDR (string)

  • HostSubnetLength (unsigned integer)

  • ServiceNetworkCIDR (string)

  • externalIPNetworkCIDRs (string array): Controls which values are acceptable for the service external IP field. If empty, no external IP may be set. It can contain a list of CIDRs which are checked for access. If a CIDR is prefixed with !, then IPs in that CIDR are rejected. Rejections are applied first, then the IP is checked against one of the allowed CIDRs. For security purposes, you should ensure this range does not overlap with your nodes, pods, or service CIDRs.

For Example:

networkConfig:
  clusterNetworks
  - cidr: 10.3.0.0/16
    hostSubnetLength: 8
  networkPluginName: example/openshift-ovs-subnet
# serviceNetworkCIDR must match kubernetesMasterConfig.servicesSubnet
  serviceNetworkCIDR: 179.29.0.0/16

NetworkPluginName

The name of the network plug-in to use.

ServiceNetwork

The CIDR string to specify the service networks.

OAuth Authentication Configuration

Table 11. OAuth Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

AlwaysShowProviderSelection

Forces the provider selection page to render even when there is only a single provider.

AssetPublicURL

Used for building valid client redirect URLs for external access.

Error

A path to a file containing a go template used to render error pages during the authentication or grant flow If unspecified, the default error page is used.

IdentityProviders

Ordered list of ways for a user to identify themselves.

Login

A path to a file containing a go template used to render the login page. If unspecified, the default login page is used.

MasterCA

CA for verifying the TLS connection back to the MasterURL.

MasterPublicURL

Used for building valid client redirect URLs for external access.

MasterURL

Used for making server-to-server calls to exchange authorization codes for access tokens.

OAuthConfig

If present, then the /oauth endpoint starts based on the defined parameters. For example:

oauthConfig:
  assetPublicURL: https://master.ose32.example.com:8443/console/
  grantConfig:
    method: auto
  identityProviders:
  - challenge: true
    login: true
    mappingMethod: claim
    name: htpasswd_all
    provider:
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider
      file: /etc/origin/openshift-passwd
  masterCA: ca.crt
  masterPublicURL: https://master.ose32.example.com:8443
  masterURL: https://master.ose32.example.com:8443
  sessionConfig:
    sessionMaxAgeSeconds: 3600
    sessionName: ssn
    sessionSecretsFile: /etc/origin/master/session-secrets.yaml
  tokenConfig:
    accessTokenMaxAgeSeconds: 86400
    authorizeTokenMaxAgeSeconds: 500

OAuthTemplates

Allows for customization of pages like the login page.

ProviderSelection

A path to a file containing a go template used to render the provider selection page. If unspecified, the default provider selection page is used.

SessionConfig

Holds information about configuring sessions.

Templates

Allows you to customize pages like the login page.

TokenConfig

Contains options for authorization and access tokens.

Project Configuration

Table 12. Project Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

DefaultNodeSelector

Holds default project node label selector.

ProjectConfig

Holds information about project creation and defaults:

  • DefaultNodeSelector (string): Holds the default project node label selector.

  • ProjectRequestMessage (string): The string presented to a user if they are unable to request a project via the projectrequest API endpoint.

  • ProjectRequestTemplate (string): The template to use for creating projects in response to projectrequest. It is in the format <namespace>/<template>. It is optional, and if it is not specified, a default template is used.

  • SecurityAllocator: Controls the automatic allocation of UIDs and MCS labels to a project. If nil, allocation is disabled:

    • mcsAllocatorRange (string): Defines the range of MCS categories that will be assigned to namespaces. The format is <prefix>/<numberOfLabels>[,<maxCategory>]. The default is s0/2 and will allocate from c0 → c1023, which means a total of 535k labels are available. If this value is changed after startup, new projects may receive labels that are already allocated to other projects. The prefix may be any valid SELinux set of terms (including user, role, and type). However, leaving the prefix at its default allows the server to set them automatically. For example, s0:/2 would allocate labels from s0:c0,c0 to s0:c511,c511 whereas s0:/2,512 would allocate labels from s0:c0,c0,c0 to s0:c511,c511,511.

    • mcsLabelsPerProject (integer): Defines the number of labels to reserve per project. The default is 5 to match the default UID and MCS ranges.

    • uidAllocatorRange (string): Defines the total set of Unix user IDs (UIDs) automatically allocated to projects, and the size of the block each namespace gets. For example, 1000-1999/10 would allocate ten UIDs per namespace, and would be able to allocate up to 100 blocks before running out of space. The default is to allocate from 1 billion to 2 billion in 10k blocks, which is the expected size of ranges for container images when user namespaces are started.

ProjectRequestMessage

The string presented to a user if they are unable to request a project via the project request API endpoint.

ProjectRequestTemplate

The template to use for creating projects in response to projectrequest. It is in the format namespace/template and it is optional. If it is not specified, a default template is used.

Scheduler Configuration

Table 13. Scheduler Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

SchedulerConfigFile

Points to a file that describes how to set up the scheduler. If empty, you get the default scheduling rules

Security Allocator Configuration

Table 14. Security Allocator Parameters
Parameter Name Description

MCSAllocatorRange

Defines the range of MCS categories that will be assigned to namespaces. The format is <prefix>/<numberOfLabels>[,<maxCategory>]. The default is s0/2 and will allocate from c0 to c1023, which means a total of 535k labels are available (1024 choose 2 ~ 535k). If this value is changed after startup, new projects may receive labels that are already allocated to other projects. Prefix may be any valid SELinux set of terms (including user, role, and type), although leaving them as the default will allow the server to set them automatically.

SecurityAllocator

Controls the automatic allocation of UIDs and MCS labels to a project. If nil, allocation is disabled.

UIDAllocatorRange

Defines the total set of Unix user IDs (UIDs) that will be allocated to projects automatically, and the size of the block each namespace gets. For example, 1000-1999/10 will allocate ten UIDs per namespace, and will be able to allocate up to 100 blocks before running out of space. The default is to allocate from 1 billion to 2 billion in 10k blocks (which is the expected size of the ranges container images will use once user namespaces are started).

Service Account Configuration

Table 15. Service Account Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

LimitSecretReferences

Controls whether or not to allow a service account to reference any secret in a namespace without explicitly referencing them.

ManagedNames

A list of service account names that will be auto-created in every namespace. If no names are specified, the ServiceAccountsController will not be started.

MasterCA

The CA for verifying the TLS connection back to the master. The service account controller will automatically inject the contents of this file into pods so they can verify connections to the master.

PrivateKeyFile

A file containing a PEM-encoded private RSA key, used to sign service account tokens. If no private key is specified, the service account TokensController will not be started.

PublicKeyFiles

A list of files, each containing a PEM-encoded public RSA key. If any file contains a private key, the public portion of the key is used. The list of public keys is used to verify presented service account tokens. Each key is tried in order until the list is exhausted or verification succeeds. If no keys are specified, no service account authentication will be available.

ServiceAccountConfig

Holds options related to service accounts:

  • LimitSecretReferences (boolean): Controls whether or not to allow a service account to reference any secret in a namespace without explicitly referencing them.

  • ManagedNames (string): A list of service account names that will be auto-created in every namespace. If no names are specified, then the ServiceAccountsController will not be started.

  • MasterCA (string): The certificate authority for verifying the TLS connection back to the master. The service account controller will automatically inject the contents of this file into pods so that they can verify connections to the master.

  • PrivateKeyFile (string): Contains a PEM-encoded private RSA key, used to sign service account tokens. If no private key is specified, then the service account TokensController will not be started.

  • PublicKeyFiles (string): A list of files, each containing a PEM-encoded public RSA key. If any file contains a private key, then OpenShift Container Platform uses the public portion of the key. The list of public keys is used to verify service account tokens; each key is tried in order until either the list is exhausted or verification succeeds. If no keys are specified, then service account authentication will not be available.

Serving Information Configuration

Table 16. Serving Information Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

AllowRecursiveQueries

Allows the DNS server on the master to answer queries recursively. Note that open resolvers can be used for DNS amplification attacks and the master DNS should not be made accessible to public networks.

BindAddress

The ip:port to serve on.

BindNetwork

Controls limits and behavior for importing images.

CertFile

A file containing a PEM-encoded certificate.

CertInfo

TLS cert information for serving secure traffic.

ClientCA

The certificate bundle for all the signers that you recognize for incoming client certificates.

dnsConfig

If present, then start the DNS server based on the defined parameters. For example:

dnsConfig:
  bindAddress: 0.0.0.0:8053
  bindNetwork: tcp4

DNSDomain

Holds the domain suffix.

DNSIP

Holds the IP.

KeyFile

A file containing a PEM-encoded private key for the certificate specified by CertFile.

MasterClientConnectionOverrides

Provides overrides to the client connection used to connect to the master.

MaxRequestsInFlight

The number of concurrent requests allowed to the server. If zero, no limit.

NamedCertificates

A list of certificates to use to secure requests to specific host names.

RequestTimeoutSecond

The number of seconds before requests are timed out. The default is 60 minutes. If -1, there is no limit on requests.

ServingInfo

The HTTP serving information for the assets.

Volume Configuration

Table 17. Volume Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

DynamicProvisioningEnabled

A boolean to enable or disable dynamic provisioning. Default is true.

FSGroup

Enables local storage quotas on each node for each FSGroup. At present this is only implemented for emptyDir volumes, and if the underlying volumeDirectory is on an XFS filesystem.

MasterVolumeConfig

Contains options for configuring volume plug-ins in the master node.

NodeVolumeConfig

Contains options for configuring volumes on the node.

VolumeConfig

Contains options for configuring volume plug-ins in the node:

  • DynamicProvisioningEnabled (boolean): Default value is true, and toggles dynamic provisioning off when false.

VolumeDirectory

The directory that volumes are stored under.

Basic Audit

Audit provides a security-relevant chronological set of records documenting the sequence of activities that have affected system by individual users, administrators, or other components of the system.

Audit works at the API server level, logging all requests coming to the server. Each audit log contains two entries:

  1. The request line containing:

    1. A Unique ID allowing to match the response line (see #2)

    2. The source IP of the request

    3. The HTTP method being invoked

    4. The original user invoking the operation

    5. The impersonated user for the operation (self meaning himself)

    6. The impersonated group for the operation (lookup meaning user’s group)

    7. The namespace of the request or <none>

    8. The URI as requested

  2. The response line containing:

    1. The unique ID from #1

    2. The response code

Example output for user admin asking for a list of pods:

AUDIT: id="5c3b8227-4af9-4322-8a71-542231c3887b" ip="127.0.0.1" method="GET" user="admin" as="<self>" asgroups="<lookup>" namespace="default" uri="/api/v1/namespaces/default/pods"
AUDIT: id="5c3b8227-4af9-4322-8a71-542231c3887b" response="200"

The openshift_master_audit_config variable enables API service auditing. It takes an array of the following options:

Table 18. Audit Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

enabled

A boolean to enable or disable audit logs. Default is false.

auditFilePath

File path where the requests should be logged to. If not set, logs are printed to master logs.

maximumFileRetentionDays

Specifies maximum number of days to retain old audit log files based on the time stamp encoded in their filename.

maximumRetainedFiles

Specifies the maximum number of old audit log files to retain.

maximumFileSizeMegabytes

Specifies maximum size in megabytes of the log file before it gets rotated. Defaults to 100MB.

Example Audit Configuration
auditConfig:
  auditFilePath: "/var/log/audit-ocp.log"
  enabled: true
  maximumFileRetentionDays: 10
  maximumFileSizeMegabytes: 10
  maximumRetainedFiles: 10
Advanced Setup for the Audit Log

If you want more advanced setup for the audit log, you can use:

openshift_master_audit_config={"enabled": true}

The directory in auditFilePath will be created if it does not exist.

openshift_master_audit_config={"enabled": true, "auditFilePath": "/var/lib/origin/openpaas-oscp-audit.log", "maximumFileRetentionDays": 14, "maximumFileSizeMegabytes": 500, "maximumRetainedFiles": 5}

Advanced Audit

The advanced audit feature provides several improvements over the basic audit functionality, including fine-grained events filtering and multiple output back ends.

To enable the advanced audit feature, provide the following values in the openshift_master_audit_config parameter

openshift_master_audit_config={"enabled": true, "auditFilePath": "/var/log/oscp-audit/-oscp-audit.log", "maximumFileRetentionDays": 14, "maximumFileSizeMegabytes": 500, "maximumRetainedFiles": 5, "policyFile": "/etc/security/adv-audit.yaml", "logFormat":"json"}

The policy file /etc/security/adv-audit.yaml must be available on each master node.

The following table contains additional options you can use.

Table 19. Advanced Audit Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

policyFile

Path to the file that defines the audit policy configuration.

policyConfiguration

An embedded audit policy configuration.

logFormat

Specifies the format of the saved audit logs. Allowed values are legacy (the format used in basic audit), and json.

webHookKubeConfig

Path to a .kubeconfig-formatted file that defines the audit webhook configuration, where the events are sent to.

webHookMode

Specifies the strategy for sending audit events. Allowed values are block (blocks processing another event until the previous has fully processed) and batch (buffers events and delivers in batches).

To enable the advanced audit feature, you must provide either policyFile or policyConfiguration describing the audit policy rules:

Sample Audit Policy Configuration
apiVersion: audit.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Policy
rules:

  # Do not log watch requests by the "system:kube-proxy" on endpoints or services
  - level: None (1)
    users: ["system:kube-proxy"] (2)
    verbs: ["watch"] (3)
    resources: (4)
    - group: ""
      resources: ["endpoints", "services"]

  # Do not log authenticated requests to certain non-resource URL paths.
  - level: None
    userGroups: ["system:authenticated"] (5)
    nonResourceURLs: (6)
    - "/api*" # Wildcard matching.
    - "/version"

  # Log the request body of configmap changes in kube-system.
  - level: Request
    resources:
    - group: "" # core API group
      resources: ["configmaps"]
    # This rule only applies to resources in the "kube-system" namespace.
    # The empty string "" can be used to select non-namespaced resources.
    namespaces: ["kube-system"] (7)

  # Log configmap and secret changes in all other namespaces at the metadata level.
  - level: Metadata
    resources:
    - group: "" # core API group
      resources: ["secrets", "configmaps"]

  # Log all other resources in core and extensions at the request level.
  - level: Request
    resources:
    - group: "" # core API group
    - group: "extensions" # Version of group should NOT be included.

  # A catch-all rule to log all other requests at the Metadata level.
  - level: Metadata (1)

  # Log login failures from the web console or CLI. Review the logs and refine your policies.
  - level: Metadata
    nonResourceURLs:
    - /login* (8)
    - /oauth* (9)
1 There are four possible levels every event can be logged at:
  • None - Do not log events that match this rule.

  • Metadata - Log request metadata (requesting user, time stamp, resource, verb, etc.), but not request or response body. This is the same level as the one used in basic audit.

  • Request - Log event metadata and request body, but not response body.

  • RequestResponse - Log event metadata, request, and response bodies.

2 A list of users the rule applies to. An empty list implies every user.
3 A list of verbs this rule applies to. An empty list implies every verb. This is Kubernetes verb associated with API requests (including get, list, watch, create, update, patch, delete, deletecollection, and proxy).
4 A list of resources the rule applies to. An empty list implies every resource. Each resource is specified as a group it is assigned to (for example, an empty for Kubernetes core API, batch, build.openshift.io, etc.), and a resource list from that group.
5 A list of groups the rule applies to. An empty list implies every group.
6 A list of non-resources URLs the rule applies to.
7 A list of namespaces the rule applies to. An empty list implies every namespace.
8 Endpoint used by the web console.
9 Endpoint used by the CLI.

For more information on advanced audit, see the Kubernetes documentation

Specifying TLS ciphers for etcd

You can specify the supported TLS ciphers to use in communication between the master and etcd servers.

  1. On each etcd node, upgrade etcd:

    # yum update etcd iptables-services
  2. Confirm that your etcd version is 3.2.22 or later:

    # etcd --version
    etcd Version: 3.2.22
  3. On each master host, specify the ciphers to enable in the /etc/origin/master/master-config.yaml file:

    servingInfo:
      ...
      minTLSVersion: VersionTLS12
      cipherSuites:
      - TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
      - TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
      - TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    ...
  4. On each master host, restart the master service:

    # master-restart api
    # master-restart controllers
  5. Confirm that the cipher is applied. For example, for TLSv1.2 cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256, run the following command:

    # openssl s_client -connect etcd1.example.com:2379 (1)
    CONNECTED(00000003)
    depth=0 CN = etcd1.example.com
    verify error:num=20:unable to get local issuer certificate
    verify return:1
    depth=0 CN = etcd1.example.com
    verify error:num=21:unable to verify the first certificate
    verify return:1
    139905367488400:error:14094412:SSL routines:ssl3_read_bytes:sslv3 alert bad certificate:s3_pkt.c:1493:SSL alert number 42
    139905367488400:error:140790E5:SSL routines:ssl23_write:ssl handshake failure:s23_lib.c:177:
    ---
    Certificate chain
     0 s:/CN=etcd1.example.com
       i:/CN=etcd-signer@1529635004
    ---
    Server certificate
    -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
    MIIEkjCCAnqgAwIBAgIBATANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFADAhMR8wHQYDVQQDDBZldGNk
    ........
    ....
    eif87qttt0Sl1vS8DG1KQO1oOBlNkg==
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
    subject=/CN=etcd1.example.com
    issuer=/CN=etcd-signer@1529635004
    ---
    Acceptable client certificate CA names
    /CN=etcd-signer@1529635004
    Client Certificate Types: RSA sign, ECDSA sign
    Requested Signature Algorithms: RSA+SHA256:ECDSA+SHA256:RSA+SHA384:ECDSA+SHA384:RSA+SHA1:ECDSA+SHA1
    Shared Requested Signature Algorithms: RSA+SHA256:ECDSA+SHA256:RSA+SHA384:ECDSA+SHA384:RSA+SHA1:ECDSA+SHA1
    Peer signing digest: SHA384
    Server Temp Key: ECDH, P-256, 256 bits
    ---
    SSL handshake has read 1666 bytes and written 138 bytes
    ---
    New, TLSv1/SSLv3, Cipher is ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
    Server public key is 2048 bit
    Secure Renegotiation IS supported
    Compression: NONE
    Expansion: NONE
    No ALPN negotiated
    SSL-Session:
        Protocol  : TLSv1.2
        Cipher    : ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
        Session-ID:
        Session-ID-ctx:
        Master-Key: 1EFA00A91EE5FC5EDDCFC67C8ECD060D44FD3EB23D834EDED929E4B74536F273C0F9299935E5504B562CD56E76ED208D
        Key-Arg   : None
        Krb5 Principal: None
        PSK identity: None
        PSK identity hint: None
        Start Time: 1529651744
        Timeout   : 300 (sec)
        Verify return code: 21 (unable to verify the first certificate)
    1 etcd1.example.com is the name of an etcd host.

Node Configuration Files

The following node-config.yaml file is a sample node configuration file that was generated with the default values as of writing.

To modify a node in your cluster, update the node configuration maps as needed. Do not manually edit the node-config.yaml file.

Example 1. Sample Node Configuration File
allowDisabledDocker: false
apiVersion: v1
authConfig:
  authenticationCacheSize: 1000
  authenticationCacheTTL: 5m
  authorizationCacheSize: 1000
  authorizationCacheTTL: 5m
dnsDomain: cluster.local
dnsIP: 0.0.0.0 (1)
dockerConfig:
  execHandlerName: native
imageConfig:
  format: openshift/origin-${component}:${version}
  latest: false
iptablesSyncPeriod: 5s
kind: NodeConfig
masterKubeConfig: node.kubeconfig
networkConfig:
  mtu: 1450
  networkPluginName: ""
nodeIP: ""
nodeName: node1.example.com
podManifestConfig: (2)
  path: "/path/to/pod-manifest-file" (3)
  fileCheckIntervalSeconds: 30 (4)
proxyArguments:
  proxy-mode:
  - iptables (5)
servingInfo:
  bindAddress: 0.0.0.0:10250
  bindNetwork: tcp4
  certFile: server.crt
  clientCA: node-client-ca.crt
  keyFile: server.key
  namedCertificates: null
volumeDirectory: /root/openshift.local.volumes
1 Configures an IP address to be prepended to a pod’s /etc/resolv.conf by adding the address here.
2 Allows pods to be placed directly on certain set of nodes, or on all nodes without going through the scheduler. You can then use pods to perform the same administrative tasks and support the same services on each node.
3 Specifies the path for the pod manifest file or directory. If it is a directory, then it is expected to contain one or more manifest files. This is used by the Kubelet to create pods on the node.
4 This is the interval (in seconds) for checking the manifest file for new data. The interval must be a positive value.
5 The service proxy implementation to use.

The node configuration file determines the resources of a node. See the Allocating node resources section in the Cluster Administrator guide for more information.

Pod and Node Configuration

Table 20. Pod and Node Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

NodeConfig

The fully specified configuration starting an OpenShift Container Platform node.

NodeIP

Node may have multiple IPs, so this specifies the IP to use for pod traffic routing. If not specified, network parse/lookup on the nodeName is performed and the first non-loopback address is used.

NodeName

The value used to identify this particular node in the cluster. If possible, this should be your fully qualified hostname. If you are describing a set of static nodes to the master, this value must match one of the values in the list.

PodEvictionTimeout

Controls grace period for deleting pods on failed nodes. It takes valid time duration string. If empty, you get the default pod eviction timeout.

ProxyClientInfo

Specifies the client cert/key to use when proxying to pods.

Docker Configuration

Table 21. Docker Configuration Parameters
Parameter Name Description

AllowDisabledDocker

If true, the kubelet will ignore errors from Docker. This means that a node can start on a machine that does not have docker started.

DockerConfig

Holds Docker related configuration options

ExecHandlerName

The handler to use for executing commands in containers.

Local Storage Configuration

You can use the XFS quota subsystem to limit the size of emptyDir volumes and volumes based on an emptyDir volume, such as secrets and configuration maps, on each node.

To limit the size of emptyDir volumes in an XFS filesystem, configure local volume quota for each unique FSGroup using the node-config-compute configuration map in the openshift-node project.

apiVersion: kubelet.config.openshift.io/v1
kind: VolumeConfig
  localQuota: (1)
    perFSGroup: 1Gi (2)
1 Contains options for controlling local volume quota on the node.
2 Set this value to a resource quantity representing the desired quota per [FSGroup], per node, such as 1Gi, 512Mi, and so forth. Requires the volumeDirectory to be on an XFS filesystem mounted with the grpquota option. The matching security context constraint fsGroup type must be set to MustRunAs.

If no FSGroup is specified, indicating the request matched an SCC with RunAsAny, the quota application is skipped.

Do not edit the /etc/origin/node/volume-config.yaml file directly. The file is created from the node-config-compute configuration map. Use the node-config-compute configuration map to create or edit the paramaters in the volume-config.yaml file.

Parallel Image Pulls with Docker 1.9+

If you are using Docker 1.9+, you may want to consider enabling parallel image pulling, as the default is to pull images one at a time.

There is a potential issue with data corruption prior to Docker 1.9. However, starting with 1.9, the corruption issue is resolved and it is safe to switch to parallel pulls.

kubeletArguments:
  serialize-image-pulls:
  - "false" (1)
1 Change to true to disable parallel pulls. (This is the default config)

Passwords and Other Sensitive Data

For some authentication configurations, an LDAP bindPassword or OAuth clientSecret value is required. Instead of specifying these values directly in the master configuration file, these values may be provided as environment variables, external files, or in encrypted files.

Environment Variable Example
  ...
  bindPassword:
    env: BIND_PASSWORD_ENV_VAR_NAME
External File Example
  ...
  bindPassword:
    file: bindPassword.txt
Encrypted External File Example
  ...
  bindPassword:
    file: bindPassword.encrypted
    keyFile: bindPassword.key

To create the encrypted file and key file for the above example:

$ oc adm ca encrypt --genkey=bindPassword.key --out=bindPassword.encrypted
> Data to encrypt: B1ndPass0rd!

Run oc adm commands only from the first master listed in the Ansible host inventory file, by default /etc/ansible/hosts.

Encrypted data is only as secure as the decrypting key. Care should be taken to limit filesystem permissions and access to the key file.

Creating New Configuration Files

When defining an OpenShift Container Platform configuration from scratch, start by creating new configuration files.

For master host configuration files, use the openshift start command with the --write-config option to write the configuration files. For node hosts, use the oc adm create-node-config command to write the configuration files.

The following commands write the relevant launch configuration file(s), certificate files, and any other necessary files to the specified --write-config or --node-dir directory.

Generated certificate files are valid for two years, while the certification authority (CA) certificate is valid for five years. This can be altered with the --expire-days and --signer-expire-days options, but for security reasons, it is recommended to not make them greater than these values.

To create configuration files for an all-in-one server (a master and a node on the same host) in the specified directory:

$ openshift start --write-config=/openshift.local.config

To create a master configuration file and other required files in the specified directory:

$ openshift start master --write-config=/openshift.local.config/master

To create a node configuration file and other related files in the specified directory:

$ oc adm create-node-config \
    --node-dir=/openshift.local.config/node-<node_hostname> \
    --node=<node_hostname> \
    --hostnames=<node_hostname>,<ip_address> \
    --certificate-authority="/path/to/ca.crt" \
    --signer-cert="/path/to/ca.crt" \
    --signer-key="/path/to/ca.key"
    --signer-serial="/path/to/ca.serial.txt"
    --node-client-certificate-authority="/path/to/ca.crt"

When creating node configuration files, the --hostnames option accepts a comma-delimited list of every host name or IP address you want server certificates to be valid for.

Launching Servers Using Configuration Files

Once you have modified the master and/or node configuration files to your specifications, you can use them when launching servers by specifying them as an argument. Keep in mind that if you specify a configuration file, none of the other command line options you pass are respected.

To modify a node in your cluster, update the node configuration maps as needed. Do not manually edit the node-config.yaml file.

To launch an all-in-one server using a master configuration and a node configuration file:

$ openshift start --master-config=/openshift.local.config/master/master-config.yaml --node-config=/openshift.local.config/node-<node_hostname>/node-config.yaml

To launch a master server using a master configuration file:

$ openshift start master --config=/openshift.local.config/master/master-config.yaml

To launch a node server using a node configuration file:

$ openshift start node --config=/openshift.local.config/node-<node_hostname>/node-config.yaml

Viewing Master and Node Logs

OpenShift Container Platform collects log messages for debugging, using the systemd-journald.service for nodes and a script, called master-logs, for masters.

The logging uses five log message severities based on Kubernetes logging conventions, as follows:

Table 22. Log Level Options
Option Description

0

Errors and warnings only

2

Normal information

4

Debugging-level information

6

API-level debugging information (request / response)

8

Body-level API debugging information

View node logs

To view logs for the node system, run the following command:

# journalctl -r -u <journal_name>

Use the -r option to show the newest entries first.

View master logs

To view logs for the master components, run the following command:

# /usr/local/bin/master-logs <component> <container>

For example:

# /usr/local/bin/master-logs controllers controllers
# /usr/local/bin/master-logs api api
# /usr/local/bin/master-logs etcd etcd

Redirect master log to a file

To redirect the output of master log into a file, run the following command:

master-logs api api 2> file

Configuring Logging Levels

You can control which INFO messages are logged by setting the DEBUG_LOGLEVEL option in the in node configuration files or the /etc/origin/master/master.env file. Configuring the logs to collect all messages can lead to large logs that are difficult to interpret and can take up excessive space. Only collect all messages when you need to debug your cluster.

Messages with FATAL, ERROR, WARNING, and some INFO severities appear in the logs regardless of the log configuration.

To change the logging level:

  1. Edit the /etc/origin/master/master.env file for the master or /etc/sysconfig/atomic-openshift-node file for the nodes.

  2. Enter a value from the Log Level Options table in the DEBUG_LOGLEVEL field.

    For example:

    DEBUG_LOGLEVEL=4
  3. Restart the master or node host as appropriate. See Restarting OpenShift Container Platform services.

After the restart, all new log messages will conform to the new setting. Older messages do not change.

The default log level can be set using the standard cluster installation process. For more information, see Cluster Variables.

The following examples are excerpts of redirected master log files at various log levels. System information has been removed from these examples.

Excerpt of master-logs api api 2> file output at loglevel=2
W1022 15:08:09.787705       1 server.go:79] Unable to keep dnsmasq up to date, 0.0.0.0:8053 must point to port 53
I1022 15:08:09.787894       1 logs.go:49] skydns: ready for queries on cluster.local. for tcp4://0.0.0.0:8053 [rcache 0]
I1022 15:08:09.787913       1 logs.go:49] skydns: ready for queries on cluster.local. for udp4://0.0.0.0:8053 [rcache 0]
I1022 15:08:09.889022       1 dns_server.go:63] DNS listening at 0.0.0.0:8053
I1022 15:08:09.893156       1 feature_gate.go:190] feature gates: map[AdvancedAuditing:true]
I1022 15:08:09.893500       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
I1022 15:08:09.914759       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
I1022 15:08:09.942349       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
W1022 15:08:09.977088       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /oapi/v1
W1022 15:08:09.977176       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /api/v1
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:09 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] listing is available at https://openshift.com:443/swaggerapi
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:09 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] https://openshift.com:443/swaggerui/ is mapped to folder /swagger-ui/
I1022 15:08:10.231405       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
W1022 15:08:10.259523       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /oapi/v1
W1022 15:08:10.259555       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /api/v1
I1022 15:08:23.895493       1 logs.go:49] http: TLS handshake error from 10.10.94.10:46322: EOF
I1022 15:08:24.449577       1 crdregistration_controller.go:110] Starting crd-autoregister controller
I1022 15:08:24.449916       1 controller_utils.go:1019] Waiting for caches to sync for crd-autoregister controller
I1022 15:08:24.496147       1 logs.go:49] http: TLS handshake error from 127.0.0.1:39140: EOF
I1022 15:08:24.821198       1 cache.go:39] Caches are synced for APIServiceRegistrationController controller
I1022 15:08:24.833022       1 cache.go:39] Caches are synced for AvailableConditionController controller
I1022 15:08:24.865087       1 controller.go:537] quota admission added evaluator for: { events}
I1022 15:08:24.865393       1 logs.go:49] http: TLS handshake error from 127.0.0.1:39162: read tcp4 127.0.0.1:443->127.0.0.1:39162: read: connection reset by peer
I1022 15:08:24.966917       1 controller_utils.go:1026] Caches are synced for crd-autoregister controller
I1022 15:08:24.967961       1 autoregister_controller.go:136] Starting autoregister controller
I1022 15:08:24.967977       1 cache.go:32] Waiting for caches to sync for autoregister controller
I1022 15:08:25.015924       1 controller.go:537] quota admission added evaluator for: { serviceaccounts}
I1022 15:08:25.077984       1 cache.go:39] Caches are synced for autoregister controller
W1022 15:08:25.304265       1 lease_endpoint_reconciler.go:176] Resetting endpoints for master service "kubernetes" to [10.10.94.10]
E1022 15:08:25.472536       1 memcache.go:153] couldn't get resource list for servicecatalog.k8s.io/v1beta1: the server could not find the requested resource
E1022 15:08:25.550888       1 memcache.go:153] couldn't get resource list for servicecatalog.k8s.io/v1beta1: the server could not find the requested resource
I1022 15:08:29.480691       1 healthz.go:72] /healthz/log check
I1022 15:08:30.981999       1 controller.go:105] OpenAPI AggregationController: Processing item v1beta1.servicecatalog.k8s.io
E1022 15:08:30.990914       1 controller.go:111] loading OpenAPI spec for "v1beta1.servicecatalog.k8s.io" failed with: OpenAPI spec does not exists
I1022 15:08:30.990965       1 controller.go:119] OpenAPI AggregationController: action for item v1beta1.servicecatalog.k8s.io: Rate Limited Requeue.
I1022 15:08:31.530473       1 trace.go:76] Trace[1253590531]: "Get /api/v1/namespaces/openshift-infra/serviceaccounts/serviceaccount-controller" (started: 2018-10-22 15:08:30.868387562 +0000 UTC m=+24.277041043) (total time: 661.981642ms):
Trace[1253590531]: [661.903178ms] [661.89217ms] About to write a response
I1022 15:08:31.531366       1 trace.go:76] Trace[83808472]: "Get /api/v1/namespaces/aws-sb/secrets/aws-servicebroker" (started: 2018-10-22 15:08:30.831296749 +0000 UTC m=+24.239950203) (total time: 700.049245ms):
Excerpt of master-logs api api 2> file output at loglevel=4
I1022 15:08:09.746980       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: AlwaysDeny.
I1022 15:08:09.747597       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: ResourceQuota.
I1022 15:08:09.748038       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: openshift.io/ClusterResourceQuota.
I1022 15:08:09.786771       1 start_master.go:458] Starting master on 0.0.0.0:443 (v3.10.45)
I1022 15:08:09.786798       1 start_master.go:459] Public master address is https://openshift.com:443
I1022 15:08:09.786844       1 start_master.go:463] Using images from "registry.access.redhat.com/openshift3/ose-<component>:v3.10.45"
W1022 15:08:09.787046       1 dns_server.go:37] Binding DNS on port 8053 instead of 53, which may not be resolvable from all clients
W1022 15:08:09.787705       1 server.go:79] Unable to keep dnsmasq up to date, 0.0.0.0:8053 must point to port 53
I1022 15:08:09.787894       1 logs.go:49] skydns: ready for queries on cluster.local. for tcp4://0.0.0.0:8053 [rcache 0]
I1022 15:08:09.787913       1 logs.go:49] skydns: ready for queries on cluster.local. for udp4://0.0.0.0:8053 [rcache 0]
I1022 15:08:09.889022       1 dns_server.go:63] DNS listening at 0.0.0.0:8053
I1022 15:08:09.893156       1 feature_gate.go:190] feature gates: map[AdvancedAuditing:true]
I1022 15:08:09.893500       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
I1022 15:08:09.914759       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
I1022 15:08:09.942349       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
W1022 15:08:09.977088       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /oapi/v1
W1022 15:08:09.977176       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /api/v1
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:09 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] listing is available at https://openshift.com:443/swaggerapi
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:09 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] https://openshift.com:443/swaggerui/ is mapped to folder /swagger-ui/
I1022 15:08:10.231405       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
W1022 15:08:10.259523       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /oapi/v1
W1022 15:08:10.259555       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /api/v1
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:10 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] listing is available at https://openshift.com:443/swaggerapi
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:10 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] https://openshift.com:443/swaggerui/ is mapped to folder /swagger-ui/
I1022 15:08:10.444303       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
W1022 15:08:10.492409       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /oapi/v1
W1022 15:08:10.492507       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /api/v1
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:10 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] listing is available at https://openshift.com:443/swaggerapi
[restful] 2018/10/22 15:08:10 log.go:33: [restful/swagger] https://openshift.com:443/swaggerui/ is mapped to folder /swagger-ui/
I1022 15:08:10.774824       1 master.go:431] Starting OAuth2 API at /oauth
I1022 15:08:23.808685       1 logs.go:49] http: TLS handshake error from 10.128.0.11:39206: EOF
I1022 15:08:23.815311       1 logs.go:49] http: TLS handshake error from 10.128.0.14:53054: EOF
I1022 15:08:23.822286       1 customresource_discovery_controller.go:174] Starting DiscoveryController
I1022 15:08:23.822349       1 naming_controller.go:276] Starting NamingConditionController
I1022 15:08:23.822705       1 logs.go:49] http: TLS handshake error from 10.128.0.14:53056: EOF
+24.277041043) (total time: 661.981642ms):
Trace[1253590531]: [661.903178ms] [661.89217ms] About to write a response
I1022 15:08:31.531366       1 trace.go:76] Trace[83808472]: "Get /api/v1/namespaces/aws-sb/secrets/aws-servicebroker" (started: 2018-10-22 15:08:30.831296749 +0000 UTC m=+24.239950203) (total time: 700.049245ms):
Trace[83808472]: [700.049245ms] [700.04027ms] END
I1022 15:08:31.531695       1 trace.go:76] Trace[1916801734]: "Get /api/v1/namespaces/aws-sb/secrets/aws-servicebroker" (started: 2018-10-22 15:08:31.031163449 +0000 UTC m=+24.439816907) (total time: 500.514208ms):
Trace[1916801734]: [500.514208ms] [500.505008ms] END
I1022 15:08:44.675371       1 healthz.go:72] /healthz/log check
I1022 15:08:46.589759       1 controller.go:537] quota admission added evaluator for: { endpoints}
I1022 15:08:46.621270       1 controller.go:537] quota admission added evaluator for: { endpoints}
I1022 15:08:57.159494       1 healthz.go:72] /healthz/log check
I1022 15:09:07.161315       1 healthz.go:72] /healthz/log check
I1022 15:09:16.297982       1 trace.go:76] Trace[2001108522]: "GuaranteedUpdate etcd3: *core.Node" (started: 2018-10-22 15:09:15.139820419 +0000 UTC m=+68.548473981) (total time: 1.158128974s):
Trace[2001108522]: [1.158012755s] [1.156496534s] Transaction committed
I1022 15:09:16.298165       1 trace.go:76] Trace[1124283912]: "Patch /api/v1/nodes/master-0.com/status" (started: 2018-10-22 15:09:15.139695483 +0000 UTC m=+68.548348970) (total time: 1.158434318s):
Trace[1124283912]: [1.158328853s] [1.15713683s] Object stored in database
I1022 15:09:16.298761       1 trace.go:76] Trace[24963576]: "GuaranteedUpdate etcd3: *core.Node" (started: 2018-10-22 15:09:15.13159057 +0000 UTC m=+68.540244112) (total time: 1.167151224s):
Trace[24963576]: [1.167106144s] [1.165570379s] Transaction committed
I1022 15:09:16.298882       1 trace.go:76] Trace[222129183]: "Patch /api/v1/nodes/node-0.com/status" (started: 2018-10-22 15:09:15.131269234 +0000 UTC m=+68.539922722) (total time: 1.167595526s):
Trace[222129183]: [1.167517296s] [1.166135605s] Object stored in database
Excerpt of master-logs api api 2> file output at loglevel=8
1022 15:11:58.829357       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "NamespaceLifecycle"
I1022 15:11:58.839967       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "Initializers"
I1022 15:11:58.839994       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "ValidatingAdmissionWebhook"
I1022 15:11:58.840012       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "MutatingAdmissionWebhook"
I1022 15:11:58.840025       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "AlwaysAdmit"
I1022 15:11:58.840082       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "AlwaysPullImages"
I1022 15:11:58.840105       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "LimitPodHardAntiAffinityTopology"
I1022 15:11:58.840126       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "DefaultTolerationSeconds"
I1022 15:11:58.840146       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "AlwaysDeny"
I1022 15:11:58.840176       1 plugins.go:84] Registered admission plugin "EventRateLimit"
I1022 15:11:59.850825       1 feature_gate.go:190] feature gates: map[AdvancedAuditing:true]
I1022 15:11:59.859108       1 register.go:154] Admission plugin AlwaysAdmit is not enabled.  It will not be started.
I1022 15:11:59.859284       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: AlwaysAdmit.
I1022 15:11:59.859809       1 register.go:154] Admission plugin NamespaceAutoProvision is not enabled.  It will not be started.
I1022 15:11:59.859939       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: NamespaceAutoProvision.
I1022 15:11:59.860594       1 register.go:154] Admission plugin NamespaceExists is not enabled.  It will not be started.
I1022 15:11:59.860778       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: NamespaceExists.
I1022 15:11:59.863999       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: NamespaceLifecycle.
I1022 15:11:59.864626       1 register.go:154] Admission plugin EventRateLimit is not enabled.  It will not be started.
I1022 15:11:59.864768       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: EventRateLimit.
I1022 15:11:59.865259       1 register.go:154] Admission plugin ProjectRequestLimit is not enabled.  It will not be started.
I1022 15:11:59.865376       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: ProjectRequestLimit.
I1022 15:11:59.866126       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: OriginNamespaceLifecycle.
I1022 15:11:59.866709       1 register.go:154] Admission plugin openshift.io/RestrictSubjectBindings is not enabled.  It will not be started.
I1022 15:11:59.866761       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: openshift.io/RestrictSubjectBindings.
I1022 15:11:59.867304       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: openshift.io/JenkinsBootstrapper.
I1022 15:11:59.867823       1 plugins.go:149] Loaded 1 admission controller(s) successfully in the following order: openshift.io/BuildConfigSecretInjector.
I1022 15:12:00.015273       1 master_config.go:476] Initializing cache sizes based on 0MB limit
I1022 15:12:00.015896       1 master_config.go:539] Using the lease endpoint reconciler with TTL=15s and interval=10s
I1022 15:12:00.018396       1 storage_factory.go:285] storing { apiServerIPInfo} in v1, reading as __internal from storagebackend.Config{Type:"etcd3", Prefix:"kubernetes.io", ServerList:[]string{"https://master-0.com:2379"}, KeyFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-client.key", CertFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-client.crt", CAFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-ca.crt", Quorum:true, Paging:true, DeserializationCacheSize:0, Codec:runtime.Codec(nil), Transformer:value.Transformer(nil), CompactionInterval:300000000000, CountMetricPollPeriod:60000000000}
I1022 15:12:00.037710       1 storage_factory.go:285] storing { endpoints} in v1, reading as __internal from storagebackend.Config{Type:"etcd3", Prefix:"kubernetes.io", ServerList:[]string{"https://master-0.com:2379"}, KeyFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-client.key", CertFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-client.crt", CAFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-ca.crt", Quorum:true, Paging:true, DeserializationCacheSize:0, Codec:runtime.Codec(nil), Transformer:value.Transformer(nil), CompactionInterval:300000000000, CountMetricPollPeriod:60000000000}
I1022 15:12:00.054112       1 compact.go:54] compactor already exists for endpoints [https://master-0.com:2379]
I1022 15:12:00.054678       1 start_master.go:458] Starting master on 0.0.0.0:443 (v3.10.45)
I1022 15:12:00.054755       1 start_master.go:459] Public master address is https://openshift.com:443
I1022 15:12:00.054837       1 start_master.go:463] Using images from "registry.access.redhat.com/openshift3/ose-<component>:v3.10.45"
W1022 15:12:00.056957       1 dns_server.go:37] Binding DNS on port 8053 instead of 53, which may not be resolvable from all clients
W1022 15:12:00.065497       1 server.go:79] Unable to keep dnsmasq up to date, 0.0.0.0:8053 must point to port 53
I1022 15:12:00.066061       1 logs.go:49] skydns: ready for queries on cluster.local. for tcp4://0.0.0.0:8053 [rcache 0]
I1022 15:12:00.066265       1 logs.go:49] skydns: ready for queries on cluster.local. for udp4://0.0.0.0:8053 [rcache 0]
I1022 15:12:00.158725       1 dns_server.go:63] DNS listening at 0.0.0.0:8053
I1022 15:12:00.167910       1 htpasswd.go:118] Loading htpasswd file /etc/origin/master/htpasswd...
I1022 15:12:00.168182       1 htpasswd.go:118] Loading htpasswd file /etc/origin/master/htpasswd...
I1022 15:12:00.231233       1 storage_factory.go:285] storing {apps.openshift.io deploymentconfigs} in apps.openshift.io/v1, reading as apps.openshift.io/__internal from storagebackend.Config{Type:"etcd3", Prefix:"openshift.io", ServerList:[]string{"https://master-0.com:2379"}, KeyFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-client.key", CertFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-client.crt", CAFile:"/etc/origin/master/master.etcd-ca.crt", Quorum:true, Paging:true, DeserializationCacheSize:0, Codec:runtime.Codec(nil), Transformer:value.Transformer(nil), CompactionInterval:300000000000, CountMetricPollPeriod:60000000000}
I1022 15:12:00.248136       1 compact.go:54] compactor already exists for endpoints [https://master-0.com:2379]
I1022 15:12:00.248697       1 store.go:1391] Monitoring deploymentconfigs.apps.openshift.io count at <storage-prefix>//deploymentconfigs
W1022 15:12:00.256861       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /oapi/v1
W1022 15:12:00.258106       1 swagger.go:38] No API exists for predefined swagger description /api/v1

Restarting master and node services

To apply master or node configuration changes, you must restart the respective services.

To reload master configuration changes, restart master services running in control plane static pods using the master-restart command:

# master-restart api
# master-restart controllers

To reload node configuration changes, restart the node service on the node host:

# systemctl restart atomic-openshift-node