Overview

OpenShift Container Platform can be configured to access an AWS EC2 infrastructure, including using AWS volumes as persistent storage for application data. After you configure AWS, some additional configurations must be completed on the OpenShift Container Platform hosts.

Permissions

Configuring AWS for OpenShift Container Platform requires the following permissions:

Table 1. Master Permissions

Elastic Compute Cloud(EC2)

ec2:DescribeVolume, ec2:CreateVolume, ec2:CreateTags, ec2:DescribeInstance, ec2:AttachVolume, ec2:DetachVolume, ec2:DeleteVolume, ec2:DescribeSubnets, ec2:CreateSecurityGroup, ec2:DescribeSecurityGroups, ec2:DescribeRouteTables, ec2:AuthorizeSecurityGroupIngress, ec2:RevokeSecurityGroupIngress, ec2:DeleteSecurityGroup

Elastic Load Balancing

elasticloadbalancing:DescribeTags, elasticloadbalancing:CreateLoadBalancerListeners, elasticloadbalancing:ConfigureHealthCheck, elasticloadbalancing:DeleteLoadBalancerListeners, elasticloadbalancing:RegisterInstancesWithLoadBalancer, elasticloadbalancing:DescribeLoadBalancers, elasticloadbalancing:CreateLoadBalancer, elasticloadbalancing:DeleteLoadBalancer, elasticloadbalancing:ModifyLoadBalancerAttributes, elasticloadbalancing:DescribeLoadBalancerAttributes

Table 2. Node Permissions

Elastic Compute Cloud(EC2)

ec2:DescribeInstance*

  • Every master host, node host, and subnet must have the kubernetes.io/cluster/<clusterid>,Value=(owned|shared) tag.

  • One security group, preferably the one linked to the nodes, must have the kubernetes.io/cluster/<clusterid>,Value=(owned|shared) tag.

    • Do not tag all security groups with the kubernetes.io/cluster/<clusterid>,Value=(owned|shared) tag or the Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) will not be able to create a load balancer.

Configuring a Security Group

When installing OpenShift Container Platform on AWS, ensure that you set up the appropriate security groups.

These are some ports that you must have in your security groups, without which the installation fails. You may need more depending on the cluster configuration you want to install. For more information and to adjust your security groups accordingly, see Required Ports for more information.

All OpenShift Container Platform Hosts

  • tcp/22 from host running the installer/Ansible

etcd Security Group

  • tcp/2379 from masters

  • tcp/2380 from etcd hosts

Master Security Group

  • tcp/8443 from 0.0.0.0/0

  • tcp/53 from all OpenShift Container Platform hosts for environments installed prior to or upgraded to 3.2

  • udp/53 from all OpenShift Container Platform hosts for environments installed prior to or upgraded to 3.2

  • tcp/8053 from all OpenShift Container Platform hosts for new environments installed with 3.2

  • udp/8053 from all OpenShift Container Platform hosts for new environments installed with 3.2

Node Security Group

  • tcp/10250 from masters

  • udp/4789 from nodes

Infrastructure Nodes (ones that can host the OpenShift Container Platform router)

  • tcp/443 from 0.0.0.0/0

  • tcp/80 from 0.0.0.0/0

CRI-O

If using CRIO, you must open tcp/10010 to allow oc exec and oc rsh operations.

If configuring external load-balancers (ELBs) for load balancing the masters and/or routers, you also need to configure Ingress and Egress security groups for the ELBs appropriately.

Overriding Detected IP Addresses and Host Names

In AWS, situations that require overriding the variables include:

Variable Usage

hostname

The user is installing in a VPC that is not configured for both DNS hostnames and DNS resolution.

ip

You have multiple network interfaces configured and want to use one other than the default.

public_hostname

  • A master instance where the VPC subnet is not configured for Auto-assign Public IP. For external access to this master, you need to have an ELB or other load balancer configured that would provide the external access needed, or you need to connect over a VPN connection to the internal name of the host.

  • A master instance where metadata is disabled.

  • This value is not actually used by the nodes.

public_ip

  • A master instance where the VPC subnet is not configured for Auto-assign Public IP.

  • A master instance where metadata is disabled.

  • This value is not actually used by the nodes.

For EC2 hosts in particular, they must be deployed in a VPC that has both DNS host names and DNS resolution enabled.

Configuring AWS Variables

To set the required AWS variables, create a /etc/origin/cloudprovider/aws.conf file with the following contents on all of your OpenShift Container Platform hosts, both masters and nodes:

[Global]
Zone = us-east-1c (1)
1 This is the Availability Zone of your AWS Instance and where your EBS Volume resides; this information is obtained from the AWS Management Console.

Configuring OpenShift Container Platform for AWS

You can set the AWS configuration on OpenShift Container Platform in two ways:

Configuring OpenShift Container Platform for AWS with Ansible

During cluster installations, AWS can be configured using the openshift_cloudprovider_aws_access_key, openshift_cloudprovider_aws_secret_key, openshift_cloudprovider_kind, openshift_clusterid parameters, which are configurable in the inventory file.

Example AWS Configuration with Ansible
# Cloud Provider Configuration
#
# Note: You may make use of environment variables rather than store
# sensitive configuration within the ansible inventory.
# For example:
#openshift_cloudprovider_aws_access_key="{{ lookup('env','AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID') }}"
#openshift_cloudprovider_aws_secret_key="{{ lookup('env','AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY') }}"
#
#openshift_clusterid=unique_identifier_per_availablility_zone
#
# AWS (Using API Credentials)
#openshift_cloudprovider_kind=aws
#openshift_cloudprovider_aws_access_key=aws_access_key_id
#openshift_cloudprovider_aws_secret_key=aws_secret_access_key
#
# AWS (Using IAM Profiles)
#openshift_cloudprovider_kind=aws
# Note: IAM roles must exist before launching the instances.

When Ansible configures AWS, it automatically makes the necessary changes to the following files:

  • /etc/origin/cloudprovider/aws.conf

  • /etc/origin/master/master-config.yaml

  • /etc/origin/node/node-config.yaml

Manually Configuring OpenShift Container Platform Masters for AWS

Edit or create the master configuration file on all masters (/etc/origin/master/master-config.yaml by default) and update the contents of the apiServerArguments and controllerArguments sections:

kubernetesMasterConfig:
  ...
  apiServerArguments:
    cloud-provider:
      - "aws"
    cloud-config:
      - "/etc/origin/cloudprovider/aws.conf"
  controllerArguments:
    cloud-provider:
      - "aws"
    cloud-config:
      - "/etc/origin/cloudprovider/aws.conf"

Currently, the nodeName must match the instance name in AWS in order for the cloud provider integration to work properly. The name must also be RFC1123 compliant.

When triggering a containerized installation, only the directories of /etc/origin and /var/lib/origin are mounted to the master and node container. Therefore, aws.conf should be in /etc/origin/ instead of /etc/.

Manually Configuring OpenShift Container Platform Nodes for AWS

Edit the appropriate node configuration map and update the contents of the kubeletArguments section:

kubeletArguments:
  cloud-provider:
    - "aws"
  cloud-config:
    - "/etc/origin/cloudprovider/aws.conf"

When triggering a containerized installation, only the directories of /etc/origin and /var/lib/origin are mounted to the master and node container. Therefore, aws.conf should be in /etc/origin/ instead of /etc/.

Manually Setting Key-Value Access Pairs

Make sure the following environment variables are set in the /etc/origin/master/master.env file on masters and the /etc/sysconfig/atomic-openshift-node file on nodes:

AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=<key_ID>
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=<secret_key>

Access keys are obtained when setting up your AWS IAM user.

Applying Configuration Changes

Start or restart OpenShift Container Platform services on all master and node hosts to apply your configuration changes, see Restarting OpenShift Container Platform services:

# master-restart api
# master-restart controllers
# systemctl restart atomic-openshift-node

Switching from not using a cloud provider to using a cloud provider produces an error message. Adding the cloud provider tries to delete the node because the node switches from using the hostname as the externalID (which would have been the case when no cloud provider was being used) to using the cloud provider’s instance-id (which is what the cloud provider specifies). To resolve this issue:

  1. Log in to the CLI as a cluster administrator.

  2. Check and back up existing node labels:

    $ oc describe node <node_name> | grep -Poz '(?s)Labels.*\n.*(?=Taints)'
  3. Delete the nodes:

    $ oc delete node <node_name>
  4. On each node host, restart the OpenShift Container Platform service.

    # systemctl restart atomic-openshift-node
  5. Add back any labels on each node that you previously had.

Labeling Clusters for AWS

If you configure AWS provider credentials, you must also ensure that all hosts are labeled.

To correctly identify which resources are associated with a cluster, tag resources with the key kubernetes.io/cluster/<clusterid>, where:

  • <clusterid> is a unique name for the cluster.

Set the corresponding value to owned if the node belongs exclusively to the cluster or to shared if it is a resource shared with other systems.

Tagging all resources with the kubernetes.io/cluster/<clusterid>,Value=(owned|shared) tag avoids potential issues with multiple zones or multiple clusters.

See Pods and Services to learn more about labeling and tagging in OpenShift Container Platform.

Resources That Need Tags

There are four types of resources that need to be tagged:

  • Instances

  • Security Groups

  • Load Balancers

  • EBS Volumes

Tagging an Existing Cluster

A cluster uses the value of the kubernetes.io/cluster/<clusterid>,Value=(owned|shared) tag to determine which resources belong to the AWS cluster. This means that all relevant resources must be labeled with the kubernetes.io/cluster/<clusterid>,Value=(owned|shared) tag using the same values for that key. These resources include:

  • All hosts.

  • All relevant load balancers to be used in the AWS instances.

  • All EBS volumes. The EBS Volumes that need to be tagged can found with:

    $ oc get pv -o json|jq '.items[].spec.awsElasticBlockStore.volumeID'
  • All relevant security groups to be used with the AWS instances.

    Do not tag all existing security groups with the kubernetes.io/cluster/<name>,Value=<clusterid> tag, or the Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) will not be able to create a load balancer.

After tagging any resources, restart the master services on the master and the node service on all nodes. See the Applying Configuration Section.