Overview

In OpenShift Container Platform, projects are used to isolate content from groups of developers. As an administrator, you can give developers access to certain projects, allow them to create their own, and give them administrator rights.

Self-provisioning Projects

You can allow developers to create their own projects. There is an endpoint that will provision a project according to a template. The web console and oc new-project command use this endpoint when a developer creates a new project.

Modifying the Template for New Projects

The API server automatically provisions projects based on the template that is defined in the projectRequestTemplate parameter of the master-config.yaml file. If the parameter is not defined, the API server creates a default template that creates a project with the requested name, and assigns the requesting user to the "admin" role for that project.

To create your own custom project template:

  1. Start with the current default project template:

    $ oadm create-bootstrap-project-template -o yaml > template.yaml
  2. Use a text editor to modify the template.yaml file by adding objects or modifying existing objects.

  3. Load the template:

    $ oc create -f template.yaml -n default
  4. Modify the master-config.yaml file to reference the loaded template:

    ...
    projectConfig:
      projectRequestTemplate: "default/project-request"
      ...

When a project request is submitted, the API substitutes the following parameters into the template:

Parameter Description

PROJECT_NAME

The name of the project. Required.

PROJECT_DISPLAYNAME

The display name of the project. May be empty.

PROJECT_DESCRIPTION

The description of the project. May be empty.

PROJECT_ADMIN_USER

The username of the administrating user.

PROJECT_REQUESTING_USER

The username of the requesting user.

Access to the API is granted to developers with the self-provisioner role and the self-provisioners cluster role binding. This role is available to all authenticated developers by default.

Disabling Self-provisioning

Removing the self-provisioners cluster role from authenticated user groups will deny permissions for self-provisioning any new projects.

$ oadm policy remove-cluster-role-from-group self-provisioner system:authenticated system:authenticated:oauth

When disabling self-provisioning, set the projectRequestMessage parameter in the master-config.yaml file instructing developers on how to request a new project. This parameter is a string that will be presented to the developer in the web console and command line when they attempt to self-provision a project. For example:

Contact your system administrator at projectname@example.com to request a project.

or:

To request a new project, fill out the project request form located at
https://internal.example.com/openshift-project-request.

Using Node Selectors

Node selectors are used in conjunction with labeled nodes to control pod placement.

Setting the Cluster-wide Default Node Selector

As a cluster administrator, you can set the cluster-wide default node selector to restrict pod placement to specific nodes.

Edit the master configuration file at /etc/origin/master/master-config.yaml and add a value for a default node selector. This is applied to the pods created in all projects without a specified nodeSelector value:

...
projectConfig:
  defaultNodeSelector: "type=user-node,region=east"
...

Restart the OpenShift service for the changes to take effect:

# systemctl restart atomic-openshift-master

Setting the Project-wide Node Selector

To create an individual project with a node selector, use the --node-selector option when creating a project. For example, if you have an OpenShift Container Platform topology with multiple regions, you can use a node selector to restrict specific OpenShift Container Platform projects to only deploy pods onto nodes in a specific region.

The following creates a new project named myproject and dictates that pods be deployed onto nodes labeled user-node and east:

$ oadm new-project myproject \
    --node-selector='type=user-node,region=east'

Once this command is run, this becomes the adminstrator-set node selector for all pods contained in the specified project.

While the new-project subcommand is available for both oadm and oc, the cluster administrator and developer commands respectively, creating a new project with a node selector is only available with the oadm command. The new-project subcommand is not available to project developers when self-provisioning projects.

Using the oadm new-project command adds an annotation section to the project. You can edit a project, and change the openshift.io/node-selector value to override the default:

...
metadata:
  annotations:
    openshift.io/node-selector: type=user-node,region=east
...

If openshift.io/node-selector is set to an empty string (oadm new-project --node-selector=""), the project will not have an adminstrator-set node selector, even if the cluster-wide default has been set. This means that, as a cluster administrator, you can set a default to restrict developer projects to a subset of nodes and still enable infrastructure or other projects to schedule the entire cluster.

Developer-specified Node Selectors

OpenShift Container Platform developers can set a node selector on their pod configuration if they wish to restrict nodes even further. This will be in addition to the project node selector, meaning that you can still dictate node selector values for all projects that have a node selector value.

For example, if a project has been created with the above annotation (openshift.io/node-selector: type=user-node,region=east) and a developer sets another node selector on a pod in that project, for example clearance=classified, the pod will only ever be scheduled on nodes that have all three labels (type=user-node, region=east, and clearance=classified). If they set region=west on a pod, their pods would be demanding nodes with labels region=east and region=west, which cannot work. The pods will never be scheduled, because labels can only be set to one value.

Limiting Number of Self-Provisioned Projects Per User

The number of self-provisioned projects requested by a given user can be limited with the ProjectRequestLimit admission control plug-in.

If your project request template was created in OpenShift Container Platform 3.1 or earlier using the process described in Modifying the Template for New Projects, then the generated template does not include the annotation openshift.io/requester: ${PROJECT_REQUESTING_USER}, which is used for the ProjectRequestLimitConfig. You must add the annotation.

In order to specify limits for users, a configuration must be specified for the plug-in within the master configuration file (/etc/origin/master/master-config.yaml). The plug-in configuration takes a list of user label selectors and the associated maximum project requests:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ProjectRequestLimitConfig
limits:
- selector:
    label1=value1
    label2=value2
  maxProjects: 10
- selector:
    label3=value3
  maxProjects: 5

Selectors are evaluated in order. The first one matching the current user will be used to determine the maximum number of projects. If a selector is not specified, a limit applies to all users. If a maximum number of projects is not specified, then an unlimited number of projects are allowed for a specific selector.

The following configuration sets a global limit of 2 projects per user while allowing 10 projects for users with a label of level=advanced and unlimited projects for users with a label of level=admin.

admissionConfig:
  pluginConfig:
    ProjectRequestLimit:
      configuration:
        apiVersion: v1
        kind: ProjectRequestLimitConfig
        limits:
        - selector:
            level: admin (1)
        - selector:
            level: advanced (2)
          maxProjects: 10
        - maxProjects: 2  (3)
1 For selector level=admin no maxProjects is specified. This means that users with this label will not have a maximum of project requests
2 For selector level=advanced a maximum number of 10 projects will be allowed.
3 For the third entry, no selector is specified. This means that it will be applied to any user that doesn’t satisfy the previous two rules. Because rules are evaluated in order, this rule should be specified last.

Managing User and Group Labels provides further guidance on how to add, remove, or show labels for users and groups.

Once your changes are made, restart OpenShift Container Platform for the changes to take effect.

# systemctl restart atomic-openshift-master