With odo you can create and deploy application on OpenShift Online clusters from a terminal. Code editor plug-ins use odo which allows users to interact with OpenShift Online clusters from their IDE terminals. Examples of plug-ins that use odo: VS Code Openshift Connector, Openshift Connector for Intellij, Codewind for Eclipse Che.
odo works on Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems and from any terminal. odo provides autocompletion for bash and zsh command line shells.
odo 1.0 supports Node.js and Java components.
Openshift Source-to-Image (S2I) is an open-source project which helps in building artifacts from source code and injecting these into container images. S2I produces ready-to-run images by building source code without the need of a Dockerfile. odo uses S2I builder image for executing developer source code inside a container.
Init containers are specialized containers that run before the application container starts and configure the necessary environment for the application containers to run. Init containers can have files that application images do not have, for example setup scripts. Init containers always run to completion and the application container does not start if any of the init containers fails.
The Pod created by odo executes two Init Containers:
copy-supervisord Init container.
copy-files-to-volume Init container.
copy-supervisord Init container copies necessary files onto an
emptyDir Volume. The main application container utilizes these files from the
go-init is a minimal init system. It runs as the first process (PID 1) inside the application container. go-init starts the
SupervisorD daemon which runs the developer code. go-init is required to handle orphaned processes.
SupervisorD is a process control system. It watches over configured processes and ensures that they are running. It also restarts services when necessary. For odo,
SupervisorD executes and monitors the developer code.
supervisor.conf is the configuration file necessary for the SupervisorD daemon to start.
assemble-and-restart is an OpenShift S2I concept to build and deploy user-source code. The assemble-and-restart script first assembles the user source code inside the application container and then restarts SupervisorD for user changes to take effect.
Run is an OpenShift S2I concept of executing the assembled source code. The
run script executes the assembled code created by the
s2i-setup is a script that creates files and directories which are necessary for the
assemble-and-restart and run scripts to execute successfully. The script is executed whenever the application container starts.
language-scripts: Openshift S2I allows custom
run scripts. A few language specific custom scripts are present in the
language-scripts directory. The custom scripts provide additional configuration to make odo debug work.
emtpyDir Volume is mounted at the
/opt/odo mount point for both the Init container and the application container.
copy-files-to-volume Init container copies files that are in
/opt/app-root in the S2I builder image onto the Persistent Volume. The volume is then mounted at the same location (
/opt/app-root) in an application container.
/opt/app-root the data in this directory is lost when
PersistentVolumeClaim is mounted at the same location.
PVC is mounted at the
/mnt mount point inside the Init container.
Application container is the main container inside of which the user-source code executes.
Application container is mounted with two Volumes:
emptyDir Volume mounted at
PersistentVolume mounted at
go-init is executed as the first process inside the application container. The
go-init process then starts the
SupervisorD executes and monitores the user assembled source code. If the user process crashes,
SupervisorD restarts it.
PVC) is a volume type in Kubernetes which provisions a
PersistentVolume. The life of a
PersistentVolume is independent of a Pod lifecycle. The data on the
PersistentVolume persists across Pod restarts.
copy-files-to-volume Init container copies necessary files onto the
PersistentVolume. The main application container utilizes these files at runtime for execution.
The naming convention of the
PersistentVolume is <component-name>-s2idata.
emptyDir Volume is created when a Pod is assigned to a node, and exists as long as that Pod is running on the node. If the container is restarted or moved, the content of the
emptyDir is removed, Init container restores the data back to the
emptyDir is initially empty.
copy-supervisord Init container copies necessary files onto the
emptyDir volume. These files are then utilized by the main application container at runtime for execution.
This section describes
odo push workflow. odo push deploys user code on an OpenShift Online cluster with all the necessary OpenShift Online resources.
If not already created,
odo push creates the following OpenShift Online resources:
Deployment config (DC):
Two init containers are executed:
copy-files-to-volume. The init containers copy files onto the
emptyDir and the
PersistentVolume type of volumes respectively.
The application container starts. The first process in the application container is the
go-init process with PID=1.
go-init process starts the SupervisorD daemon.
The user application code has not been copied into the application container yet, so the
A file indexer indexes the files in the source code directory. The indexer traverses through the source code directories recursively and finds files which have been created, deleted, or renamed.
A file indexer maintains the indexed information in an odo index file inside the
If the odo index file is not present, it means that the file indexer is being executed for the first time, and creates a new odo index JSON file. The odo index JSON file contains a file map - the relative file paths of the traversed files and the absolute paths of the changed and deleted files.
Local code is copied into the application container, usually under
On a successful copy of the source code, the
assemble-and-restart script is executed inside the running application container.