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The threescale-wasm-auth module runs on integrations of 3scale API Management 2.11 or later with Red Hat OpenShift Service Mesh 2.1.0 or later.

The threescale-wasm-auth module is a WebAssembly module that uses a set of interfaces, known as an application binary interfaces (ABI). This is defined by the Proxy-WASM specification to drive any piece of software that implements the ABI so it can authorize HTTP requests against 3scale.

As an ABI specification, Proxy-WASM defines the interaction between a piece of software named host and another named module, program, or extension. The host exposes a set of services used by the module to perform a task, and in this case, to process proxy requests.

The host environment is composed of a WebAssembly virtual machine interacting with a piece of software, in this case, an HTTP proxy.

The module itself runs in isolation to the outside world except for the instructions it runs on the virtual machine and the ABI specified by Proxy-WASM. This is a safe way to provide extension points to software: the extension can only interact in well-defined ways with the virtual machine and the host. The interaction provides a computing model and a connection to the outside world the proxy is meant to have.

Compatibility

The threescale-wasm-auth module is designed to be fully compatible with all implementations of the Proxy-WASM ABI specification. At this point, however, it has only been thoroughly tested to work with the Envoy reverse proxy.

Usage as a stand-alone module

Because of its self-contained design, it is possible to configure this module to work with Proxy-WASM proxies independently of Service Mesh, as well as 3scale Istio adapter deployments.

Prerequisites

  • The module works with all supported 3scale releases, except when configuring a service to use OpenID connect (OIDC), which requires 3scale 2.11 or later.

Configuring the threescale-wasm-auth module

Cluster administrators on OpenShift Container Platform can configure the threescale-wasm-auth module to authorize HTTP requests to 3scale API Management through an application binary interface (ABI). The ABI defines the interaction between host and the module, exposing the hosts services, and allows you to use the module to process proxy requests.

The Service Mesh extension

Service Mesh provides a custom resource definition to specify and apply Proxy-WASM extensions to sidecar proxies, known as ServiceMeshExtension. Service Mesh applies this custom resource to the set of workloads that require HTTP API management with 3scale.

Configuring the WebAssembly extension is currently a manual process. Support for fetching the configuration for services from the 3scale system will be available in a future release.

Prerequisites
  • Identify a Kubernetes workload and namespace on your Service Mesh deployment that you will apply this module.

  • You must have a 3scale tenant account. See SaaS or 3scale 2.11 On-Premises with a matching service and relevant applications and metrics defined.

  • If you apply the module to the productpage microservice in the bookinfo namespace, see the Bookinfo sample application.

    • The following example is the YAML format for the custom resource for threescale-wasm-auth module. This example refers to the upstream Maistra version of Service Mesh, ServiceMeshExtension API. You must declare the namespace where the threescale-wasm-auth module is deployed, alongside a WorkloadSelector to identify the set of applications the module will apply to:

      apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
      kind: ServiceMeshExtension
      metadata:
        name: threescale-wasm-auth
        namespace: bookinfo (1)
      spec:
        workloadSelector: (2)
          labels:
            app: productpage
        config: <yaml_configuration>
        image: registry.redhat.io/openshift-service-mesh/3scale-auth-wasm-rhel8:0.0.1
        phase: PostAuthZ
        priority: 100
      1 The namespace.
      2 The WorkloadSelector.
  • The spec.config field depends on the module configuration and it is not populated in the previous example. Instead, the example uses the <yaml_configuration> placeholder value. You can use the format of this custom resource example.

    • The spec.config field varies depending on the application. All other fields persist across multiple instances of this custom resource. As examples:

      • image: Only changes when newer versions of the module are deployed.

      • phase: Remains the same, since this module needs to be invoked after the proxy has done any local authorization, such as validating OpenID Connect (OIDC) tokens.

  • After you have the module configuration in spec.config and the rest of the custom resource, apply it with the oc apply command:

    $ oc apply -f threescale-wasm-auth-bookinfo.yaml

Applying 3scale external ServiceEntry objects

To have the threescale-wasm-auth module authorize requests against 3scale, the module must have access to 3scale services. You can do this within Red Hat OpenShift Service Mesh by applying an external ServiceEntry object and a corresponding DestinationRule object for TLS configuration to use the HTTPS protocol.

The custom resources (CRs) set up the service entries and destination rules for secure access from within Service Mesh to 3scale Hosted (SaaS) for the backend and system components of the Service Management API and the Account Management API. The Service Management API receives queries for the authorization status of each request. The Account Management API provides API management configuration settings for your services.

Procedure
  1. Apply the following external ServiceEntry CR and related DestinationRule CR for 3scale Hosted backend to your cluster:

    1. Add the ServiceEntry CR to a file called service-entry-threescale-saas-backend.yml:

      ServiceEntry CR
      apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1beta1
      kind: ServiceEntry
      metadata:
        name: service-entry-threescale-saas-backend
      spec:
        hosts:
        - su1.3scale.net
        ports:
        - number: 443
          name: https
          protocol: HTTPS
        location: MESH_EXTERNAL
        resolution: DNS
    2. Add the DestinationRule CR to a file called destination-rule-threescale-saas-backend.yml:

      DestinationRule CR
      apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1beta1
      kind: DestinationRule
      metadata:
        name: destination-rule-threescale-saas-backend
      spec:
        host: su1.3scale.net
        trafficPolicy:
          tls:
            mode: SIMPLE
            sni: su1.3scale.net
    3. Apply and save the external ServiceEntry CR for the 3scale Hosted backend to your cluster, by running the following command:

      $ oc apply -f service-entry-threescale-saas-backend.yml
    4. Apply and save the external DestinationRule CR for the 3scale Hosted backend to your cluster, by running the following command:

      $ oc apply -f destination-rule-threescale-saas-backend.yml
  2. Apply the following external ServiceEntry CR and related DestinationRule CR for 3scale Hosted system to your cluster:

    1. Add the ServiceEntry CR to a file called service-entry-threescale-saas-system.yml:

      ServiceEntry CR
      apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1beta1
      kind: ServiceEntry
      metadata:
        name: service-entry-threescale-saas-system
      spec:
        hosts:
        - multitenant.3scale.net
        ports:
        - number: 443
          name: https
          protocol: HTTPS
        location: MESH_EXTERNAL
        resolution: DNS
    2. Add the DestinationRule CR to a file called destination-rule-threescale-saas-system.yml:

      DestinationRule CR
      apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1beta1
      kind: DestinationRule
      metadata:
        name: destination-rule-threescale-saas-system
      spec:
        host: multitenant.3scale.net
        trafficPolicy:
          tls:
            mode: SIMPLE
            sni: multitenant.3scale.net
    3. Apply and save the external ServiceEntry CR for the 3scale Hosted system to your cluster, by running the following command:

      $ oc apply -f service-entry-threescale-saas-system.yml
    4. Apply and save the external DestinationRule CR for the 3scale Hosted system to your cluster, by running the following command:

      $ oc apply -f <destination-rule-threescale-saas-system.yml>

Alternatively, you can deploy an in-mesh 3scale service. To deploy an in-mesh 3scale service, change the location of the services in the CR by deploying 3scale and linking to the deployment.

The 3scale WebAssembly module configuration

The ServiceMeshExtension custom resource spec provides the configuration that the Proxy-WASM module reads from.

The spec is embedded in the host and read by the Proxy-WASM module. Typically, the configurations are in the JSON file format for the modules to parse, however the ServiceMeshExtension resource can interpret the spec value as YAML and convert it to JSON for consumption by the module.

If you use the Proxy-WASM module in stand-alone mode, you must write the configuration using the JSON format. Using the JSON format means using escaping and quoting where needed within the host configuration files, for example Envoy. When you use the WebAssembly module with the ServiceMeshExtension resource, the configuration is in the YAML format. In this case, an invalid configuration forces the module to show diagnostics based on its JSON representation to a sidecar’s logging stream.

The EnvoyFilter custom resource is not a supported API, although it can be used in some 3scale Istio adapter or Service Mesh releases. Using the EnvoyFilter custom resource is not recommended. Use the ServiceMeshExtension API instead of the EnvoyFilter custom resource. If you must use the EnvoyFilter custom resource, you must specify the spec in JSON format.

Configuring the 3scale WebAssembly module

The architecture of the 3scale WebAssembly module configuration depends on the 3scale account and authorization service, and the list of services to handle.

Prerequisites

The prerequisites are a set of minimum mandatory fields in all cases:

  • For the 3scale account and authorization service: the backend-listener URL.

  • For the list of services to handle: the service IDs and at least one credential look up method and where to find it.

  • You will find examples for dealing with userkey, appid with appkey, and OpenID Connect (OIDC) patterns.

  • The WebAssembly module uses the settings you specified in the static configuration. For example, if you add a mapping rule configuration to the module, it will always apply, even when the 3scale Admin Portal has no such mapping rule. The rest of the ServiceMeshExtension resource exists around the spec.config YAML entry.

The 3scale WebAssembly module api object

The api top-level string from the 3scale WebAssembly module defines which version of the configuration the module will use.

A non-existent or unsupported version of the api object renders the 3scale WebAssembly module inoperable.

The api top-level string example
apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-wasm-auth
  namespace: bookinfo
spec:
  config:
    api: v1
...

The api entry defines the rest of the values for the configuration. The only accepted value is v1. New settings that break compatibility with the current configuration or need more logic that modules using v1 cannot handle, will require different values.

The 3scale WebAssembly module system object

The system top-level object specifies how to access the 3scale Account Management API for a specific account. The upstream field is the most important part of the object. The system object is optional, but recommended unless you are providing a fully static configuration for the 3scale WebAssembly module, which is an option if you do not want to provide connectivity to the system component of 3scale.

When you provide static configuration objects in addition to the system object, the static ones always take precedence.

apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-wasm-auth
spec:
  ...
  config:
    system:
      name: saas_porta
      upstream: <object>
      token: myaccount_token
      ttl: 300
  ...
Table 1. system object fields
Name Description Required

name

An identifier for the 3scale service, currently not referenced elsewhere.

Optional

upstream

The details about a network host to be contacted. upstream refers to the 3scale Account Management API host known as system.

Yes

token

A 3scale personal access token with read permissions.

Yes

ttl

The minimum amount of seconds to consider a configuration retrieved from this host as valid before trying to fetch new changes. The default is 600 seconds (10 minutes). Note: there is no maximum amount, but the module will generally fetch any configuration within a reasonable amount of time after this TTL elapses.

Optional

The 3scale WebAssembly module upstream object

The upstream object describes an external host to which the proxy can perform calls.

apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
upstream:
  name: outbound|443||multitenant.3scale.net
  url: "https://myaccount-admin.3scale.net/"
  timeout: 5000
...
Table 2. upstream object fields
Name Description Required

name

name is not a free-form identifier. It is the identifier for the external host as defined by the proxy configuration. In the case of stand-alone Envoy configurations, it maps to the name of a Cluster, also known as upstream in other proxies. Note: the value of this field, because the Service Mesh and 3scale Istio adapter control plane configure the name according to a format using a vertical bar (|) as the separator of multiple fields. For the purposes of this integration, always use the format: outbound|<port>||<hostname>.

Yes

url

The complete URL to access the described service. Unless implied by the scheme, you must include the TCP port.

Yes

Timeout

Timeout in milliseconds so that connections to this service that take more than the amount of time to respond will be considered errors. Default is 1000 seconds.

Optional

The 3scale WebAssembly module backend object

The backend top-level object specifies how to access the 3scale Service Management API for authorizing and reporting HTTP requests. This service is provided by the Backend component of 3scale.

apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-wasm-auth
spec:
  config:
    ...
    backend:
      name: backend
      upstream: <object>
    ...
Table 3. backend object fields
Name Description Required

name

An identifier for the 3scale backend, currently not referenced elsewhere.

Optional

upstream

The details about a network host to be contacted. This must refer to the 3scale Account Management API host, known, system.

Yes. The most important and required field.

The 3scale WebAssembly module services object

The services top-level object specifies which service identifiers are handled by this particular instance of the module.

Since accounts have multiple services, you must specify which ones are handled. The rest of the configuration revolves around how to configure services.

The services field is required. It is an array that must contain at least one service to be useful.

apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-wasm-auth
spec:
  config:
    ...
    services:
    - id: "2555417834789"
      token: service_token
      authorities:
        - "*.app"
        - 0.0.0.0
        - "0.0.0.0:8443"
      credentials: <object>
      mapping_rules: <object>
    ...

Each element in the services array represents a 3scale service.

Table 4. services object fields
Name Description Required

ID

An identifier for this 3scale service, currently not referenced elsewhere.

Yes

token

This token can be found in the proxy configuration for your service in System or you can retrieve the it from System with following curl command:

curl https://<system_host>/admin/api/services/<service_id>/proxy/configs/production/latest.json?access_token=<access_token>" | jq '.proxy_config.content.backend_authentication_value

Yes

authorities

An array of strings, each one representing the Authority of a URL to match. These strings accept glob patterns supporting the asterisk (*), plus sign (+), and question mark (?) matchers.

Yes

credentials

An object defining which kind of credentials to look for and where.

Yes

mapping_rules

An array of objects representing mapping rules and 3scale methods to hit.

Yes

The 3scale WebAssembly module credentials object

The credentials object is a component of the service object. credentials specifies which kind of credentials to be looked up and the steps to perform this action.

All fields are optional, but you must specify at least one, user_key or app_id. The order in which you specify each credential is irrelevant because it is pre-established by the module. Only specify one instance of each credential.

apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-wasm-auth
spec:
  config:
    ...
    services:
    - credentials:
        user_key: <array_of_lookup_queries>
        app_id: <array_of_lookup_queries>
        app_key: <array_of_lookup_queries>
    ...
Table 5. credentials object fields
Name Description Required

user_key

This is an array of lookup queries that defines a 3scale user key. A user key is commonly known as an API key.

Optional

app_id

This is an array of lookup queries that define a 3scale application identifier. Application identifiers are provided by 3scale or by using an identity provider like Red Hat Single Sign-On (RH-SS0), or OpenID Connect (OIDC). The resolution of the lookup queries specified here, whenever it is successful and resolves to two values, it sets up the app_id and the app_key.

Optional

app_key

This is an array of lookup queries that define a 3scale application key. Application keys without a resolved app_id are useless, so only specify this field when app_id has been specified.

Optional

The 3scale WebAssembly module lookup queries

The lookup query object is part of any of the fields in the credentials object. It specifies how a given credential field should be found and processed. When evaluated, a successful resolution means that one or more values were found. A failed resolution means that no values were found.

Arrays of lookup queries describe a short-circuit or relationship: a successful resolution of one of the queries stops the evaluation of any remaining queries and assigns the value or values to the specified credential-type. Each query in the array is independent of each other.

A lookup query is made up of a single field, a source object, which can be one of a number of source types. See the following example:

apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-wasm-auth
spec:
  config:
    ...
    services:
    - credentials:
        user_key:
          - <source_type>: <object>
          - <source_type>: <object>
          ...
        app_id:
          - <source_type>: <object>
          ...
        app_key:
          - <source_type>: <object>
          ...
    ...

The 3scale WebAssembly module source object

A source object exists as part of an array of sources within any of the credentials object fields. The object field name, referred to as a source-type is any one of the following:

  • header: The lookup query receives HTTP request headers as input.

  • query_string: The lookup query receives the URL query string parameters as input.

  • filter: The lookup query receives filter metadata as input.

All source-type objects have at least the following two fields:

Table 6. source-type object fields
Name Description Required

keys

An array of strings, each one a key, referring to entries found in the input data.

Yes

ops

An array of operations that perform a key entry match. The array is a pipeline where operations receive inputs and generate outputs on the next operation. An operation failing to provide an output resolves the lookup query as failed. The pipeline order of the operations determines the evaluation order.

Optional

The filter field name has a required path entry to show the path in the metadata you use to look up data.

When a key matches the input data, the rest of the keys are not evaluated and the source resolution algorithm jumps to executing the operations (ops) specified, if any. If no ops are specified, the result value of the matching key, if any, is returned.

Operations provide a way to specify certain conditions and transformations for inputs you have after the first phase looks up a key. Use operations when you need to transform, decode, and assert properties, however they do not provide a mature language to deal with all needs and lack Turing-completeness.

A stack stored the outputs of operations. When evaluated, the lookup query finishes by assigning the value or values at the bottom of the stack, depending on how many values the credential consumes.

The 3scale WebAssembly module operations object

Each element in the ops array belonging to a specific source type is an operation object that either applies transformations to values or performs tests. The field name to use for such an object is the name of the operation itself, and any values are the parameters to the operation, which could be structure objects, for example, maps with fields and values, lists, or strings.

Most operations attend to one or more inputs, and produce one or more outputs. When they consume inputs or produce outputs, they work with a stack of values: each value consumed by the operations is popped from the stack of values and initially populated with any source matches. The values outputted by them are pushed to the stack. Other operations do not consume or produce outputs other than asserting certain properties, but they inspect a stack of values.

When resolution finishes, the values picked up by the next step, such as assigning the values to be an app_id, app_key, or user_key, are taken from the bottom values of the stack.

There are a few different operations categories:

  • decode: These transform an input value by decoding it to get a different format.

  • string: These take a string value as input and perform transformations and checks on it.

  • stack: These take a set of values in the input and perform multiple stack transformations and selection of specific positions in the stack.

  • check: These assert properties about sets of operations in a side-effect free way.

  • control: These perform operations that allow for modifying the evaluation flow.

  • format: These parse the format-specific structure of input values and look up values in it.

All operations are specified by the name identifiers as strings.

Additional resources

The 3scale WebAssembly module mapping_rules object

The mapping_rules object is part of the service object. It specifies a set of REST path patterns and related 3scale metrics and count increments to use when the patterns match.

You need the value if no dynamic configuration is provided in the system top-level object. If the object is provided in addition to the system top-level entry, then the mapping_rules object is evaluated first.

mapping_rules is an array object. Each element of that array is a mapping_rule object. The evaluated matching mapping rules on an incoming request provide the set of 3scale methods for authorization and reporting to the APIManager. When multiple matching rules refer to the same methods, there is a summation of deltas when calling into 3scale. For example, if two rules increase the Hits method twice with deltas of 1 and 3, a single method entry for Hits reporting to 3scale has a delta of 4.

The 3scale WebAssembly module mapping_rule object

The mapping_rule object is part of an array in the mapping_rules object.

The mapping_rule object fields specify the following information:

  • The HTTP request method to match.

  • A pattern to match the path against.

  • The 3scale methods to report along with the amount to report. The order in which you specify the fields determines the evaluation order.

Table 7. mapping_rule object fields
Name Description Required

method

Specifies a string representing an HTTP request method, also known as verb. Values accepted match the any one of the accepted HTTP method names, case-insensitive. A special value of any matches any method.

Yes

pattern

The pattern to match the HTTP request’s URI path component. This pattern follows the same syntax as documented by 3scale. It allows wildcards (use of the asterisk (*) character) using any sequence of characters between braces such as {this}.

Yes

usages

A list of usage objects. When the rule matches, all methods with their deltas are added to the list of methods sent to 3scale for authorization and reporting.

Embed the usages object with the following required fields:

  • name: The method system name to report.

  • delta: For how much to increase that method by.

Yes

last

Whether the successful matching of this rule should stop the evaluation of more mapping rules.

Optional Boolean. The default is false

The following example is independent of existing hierarchies between methods in 3scale. That is, anything run on the 3scale side will not affect this. For example, the Hits metric might be a parent of them all, so it stores 4 hits due to the sum of all reported methods in the authorized request and calls the 3scale Authrep API endpoint.

The example below uses a GET request to a path, /products/1/sold, that matches all the rules.

mapping_rules GET request example
apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-wasm-auth
spec:
  config:
    ...
    mapping_rules:
      - method: GET
        pattern: /
        usages:
          - name: hits
            delta: 1
      - method: GET
        pattern: /products/
        usages:
          - name: products
            delta: 1
      - method: ANY
        pattern: /products/{id}/sold
        usages:
          - name: sales
            delta: 1
          - name: products
            delta: 1
    ...

All usages get added to the request the module performs to 3scale with usage data as follows:

  • Hits: 1

  • products: 2

  • sales: 1

The 3scale WebAssembly module examples for credentials use cases

You will spend most of your time applying configuration steps to obtain credentials in the requests to your services.

The following are credentials examples, which you can modify to adapt to specific use cases.

You can combine them all, although when you specify multiple source objects with their own lookup queries, they are evaluated in order until one of them successfully resolves.

API key (user_key) in query string parameters

The following example looks up a user_key in a query string parameter or header of the same name:

credentials:
  user_key:
    - query_string:
        keys:
          - user_key
    - header:
        keys:
          - user_key

Application ID and key

The following example looks up app_key and app_id credentials in a query or headers.

credentials:
  app_id:
    - header:
        keys:
          - app_id
    - query_string:
        keys:
          - app_id
  app_key:
    - header:
        keys:
          - app_key
    - query_string:
        keys:
          - app_key

Authorization header

A request includes an app_id and app_key in an authorization header. If there is at least one or two values outputted at the end, then you can assign the app_key.

The resolution here assigns the app_key if there is one or two outputted at the end.

The authorization header specifies a value with the type of authorization and its value is encoded as Base64. This means you can split the value by a space character, take the second output and then split it again using a colon (:) as the separator. For example, if you use this format app_id:app_key, the header looks like the following example for credential:

aladdin:opensesame:  Authorization: Basic YWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuc2VzYW1l

You must use lower case header field names as shown in the following example:

credentials:
  app_id:
    - header:
        keys:
          - authorization
        ops:
          - split:
              separator: " "
              max: 2
          - length:
              min: 2
          - drop:
              head: 1
          - base64_urlsafe
          - split:
              max: 2
  app_key:
    - header:
        keys:
          - app_key

The previous example use case looks at the headers for an authorization:

  1. It takes its string value and split it by a space, checking that it generates at least two values of a credential-type and the credential itself, then dropping the credential-type.

  2. It then decodes the second value containing the data it needs, and splits it by using a colon (:) character to have an operations stack including first the app_id, then the app_key, if it exists.

    1. If app_key does not exist in the authorization header then its specific sources are checked, for example, the header with the key app_key in this case.

  3. To add extra conditions to credentials, allow Basic authorizations, where app_id is either aladdin or admin, or any app_id being at least 8 characters in length.

  4. app_key must contain a value and have a minimum of 64 characters as shown in the following example:

    credentials:
      app_id:
        - header:
            keys:
              - authorization
            ops:
              - split:
                  separator: " "
                  max: 2
              - length:
                  min: 2
              - reverse
              - glob:
                - Basic
              - drop:
                  tail: 1
              - base64_urlsafe
              - split:
                  max: 2
              - test:
                  if:
                    length:
                      min: 2
                  then:
                    - strlen:
                        max: 63
                    - or:
                        - strlen:
                            min: 1
                        - drop:
                            tail: 1
              - assert:
                - and:
                  - reverse
                  - or:
                    - strlen:
                        min: 8
                    - glob:
                      - aladdin
                      - admin
  5. After picking up the authorization header value, you get a Basic credential-type by reversing the stack so that the type is placed on top.

  6. Run a glob match on it. When it validates, and the credential is decoded and split, you get the app_id at the bottom of the stack, and potentially the app_key at the top.

  7. Run a test: if there are two values in the stack, meaning an app_key was acquired.

    1. Ensure the string length is between 1 and 63, including app_id and app_key. If the key’s length is zero, drop it and continue as if no key exists. If there was only an app_id and no app_key, the missing else branch indicates a successful test and evaluation continues.

The last operation, assert, indicates that no side-effects make it into the stack. You can then modify the stack:

  1. Reverse the stack to have the app_id at the top.

    1. Whether or not an app_key is present, reversing the stack ensures app_id is at the top.

  2. Use and to preserve the contents of the stack across tests.

    Then use one of the following possibilities:

    • Make sure app_id has a string length of at least 8.

    • Make sure app_id matches either aladdin or admin.

OpenID Connect (OIDC) use case

For Service Mesh and the 3scale Istio adapter, you must deploy a RequestAuthentication as shown in the following example, filling in your own workload data and jwtRules:

apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: RequestAuthentication
metadata:
  name: jwt-example
  namespace: bookinfo
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: productpage
  jwtRules:
  - issuer: >-
      http://keycloak-keycloak.34.242.107.254.nip.io/auth/realms/3scale-keycloak
    jwksUri: >-
      http://keycloak-keycloak.34.242.107.254.nip.io/auth/realms/3scale-keycloak/protocol/openid-connect/certs

When you apply the RequestAuthentication, it configures Envoy with a native plug-in to validate JWT tokens. The proxy validates everything before running the module so any requests that fail do not make it to the 3scale WebAssembly module.

When a JWT token is validated, the proxy stores its contents in an internal metadata object, with an entry whose key depends on the specific configuration of the plug-in. This use case gives you the ability to look up structure objects with a single entry containing an unknown key name.

The 3scale app_id for OIDC matches the OAuth client_id. This is found in the azp or aud fields of JWT tokens.

To get app_id field from Envoy’s native JWT authentication filter, see the following example:

credentials:
  app_id:
    - filter:
        path:
          - envoy.filters.http.jwt_authn
          - "0"
        keys:
          - azp
          - aud
        ops:
          - take:
              head: 1

The example instructs the module to use the filter source type to look up filter metadata for an object from the Envoy-specific JWT authentication native plug-in. This plug-in includes the JWT token as part of a structure object with a single entry and a pre-configured name. Use 0 to specify that you will only access the single entry.

The resulting value is a structure for which you will resolve two fields:

  • azp: The value where app_id is found.

  • aud: The value where this information can also be found.

The operation ensures only one value is held for assignment.

Picking up the JWT token from a header

Some setups might have validation processes for JWT tokens where the validated token would reach this module via a header in JSON format.

To get the app_id, see the following example:

credentials:
  app_id:
    - header:
        keys:
          - x-jwt-payload
        ops:
          - base64_urlsafe
          - json:
            - keys:
              - azp
              - aud
          - take:
              head: 1

3scale WebAssembly module minimal working configuration

The following is an example of a 3scale WebAssembly module minimal working configuration. You can copy and paste this and edit it to work with your own configuration.

apiVersion: maistra.io/v1
kind: ServiceMeshExtension
metadata:
  name: threescale-auth
spec:
  image: registry.redhat.io/openshift-service-mesh/3scale-auth-wasm-rhel8:0.0.1
  phase: PostAuthZ
  priority: 100
  workloadSelector:
    labels:
      app: productpage
  config:
    api: v1
    system:
      name: system-name
      upstream:
        name: outbound|443||multitenant.3scale.net
        url: https://istiodevel-admin.3scale.net/
        timeout: 5000
      token: atoken
    backend:
      name: backend-name
      upstream:
        name: outbound|443||su1.3scale.net
        url: https://su1.3scale.net/
        timeout: 5000
      extensions:
      - no_body
    services:
    - id: '2555417834780'
      token: service_token
      authorities:
      - "*"
      credentials:
        app_id:
        - header:
            keys:
            - app_id
        - query_string:
            keys:
            - app_id
            - application_id
        app_key:
        - header:
            keys:
            - app_key
        - query_string:
            keys:
            - app_key
            - application_key
        user_key:
        - query_string:
            keys:
            - user_key
        - header:
            keys:
            - user_key
      mapping_rules:
      - method: GET
        pattern: "/"
        usages:
        - name: Hits
          delta: 1
      - method: GET
        pattern: "/o{*}c"
        usages:
        - name: oidc
          delta: 1
        - name: Hits
          delta: 1
      - method: any
        pattern: "/{anything}?bigsale={*}"
        usages:
        - name: sale
          delta: 5