In OpenShift Container Platform 4.7, you can install a cluster on Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) that runs on user-provisioned infrastructure and uses single-root input/output virtualization (SR-IOV) networks to run compute machines.

Using your own infrastructure allows you to integrate your cluster with existing infrastructure and modifications. The process requires more labor on your part than installer-provisioned installations, because you must create all RHOSP resources, such as Nova servers, Neutron ports, and security groups. However, Red Hat provides Ansible playbooks to help you in the deployment process.

Prerequisites

  • Review details about the OpenShift Container Platform installation and update processes.

    • Verify that OpenShift Container Platform 4.7 is compatible with your RHOSP version by using the "Supported platforms for OpenShift clusters" section. You can also compare platform support across different versions by viewing the OpenShift Container Platform on RHOSP support matrix.

  • Verify that your network configuration does not rely on a provider network. Provider networks are not supported.

  • Have an RHOSP account where you want to install OpenShift Container Platform.

  • On the machine where you run the installation program, have:

    • A single directory in which you can keep the files you create during the installation process

    • Python 3

Internet and Telemetry access for OpenShift Container Platform

In OpenShift Container Platform 4.7, you require access to the Internet to install your cluster. The Telemetry service, which runs by default to provide metrics about cluster health and the success of updates, also requires Internet access. If your cluster is connected to the Internet, Telemetry runs automatically, and your cluster is registered to the Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager (OCM).

Once you confirm that your Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager inventory is correct, either maintained automatically by Telemetry or manually using OCM, use subscription watch to track your OpenShift Container Platform subscriptions at the account or multi-cluster level.

You must have Internet access to:

  • Access the Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager page to download the installation program and perform subscription management. If the cluster has Internet access and you do not disable Telemetry, that service automatically entitles your cluster.

  • Access Quay.io to obtain the packages that are required to install your cluster.

  • Obtain the packages that are required to perform cluster updates.

If your cluster cannot have direct Internet access, you can perform a restricted network installation on some types of infrastructure that you provision. During that process, you download the content that is required and use it to populate a mirror registry with the packages that you need to install a cluster and generate the installation program. With some installation types, the environment that you install your cluster in will not require Internet access. Before you update the cluster, you update the content of the mirror registry.

Resource guidelines for installing OpenShift Container Platform on RHOSP

To support an OpenShift Container Platform installation, your Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) quota must meet the following requirements:

Table 1. Recommended resources for a default OpenShift Container Platform cluster on RHOSP
Resource Value

Floating IP addresses

3

Ports

15

Routers

1

Subnets

1

RAM

112 GB

vCPUs

28

Volume storage

275 GB

Instances

7

Security groups

3

Security group rules

60

A cluster might function with fewer than recommended resources, but its performance is not guaranteed.

If RHOSP object storage (Swift) is available and operated by a user account with the swiftoperator role, it is used as the default backend for the OpenShift Container Platform image registry. In this case, the volume storage requirement is 175 GB. Swift space requirements vary depending on the size of the image registry.

By default, your security group and security group rule quotas might be low. If you encounter problems, run openstack quota set --secgroups 3 --secgroup-rules 60 <project> as an administrator to increase them.

An OpenShift Container Platform deployment comprises control plane machines, compute machines, and a bootstrap machine.

Control plane and compute machines

By default, the OpenShift Container Platform installation process stands up three control plane and three compute machines.

Each machine requires:

  • An instance from the RHOSP quota

  • A port from the RHOSP quota

  • A flavor with at least 16 GB memory, 4 vCPUs, and 25 GB storage space

Compute machines host the applications that you run on OpenShift Container Platform; aim to run as many as you can.

Additionally, for clusters that use single-root input/output virtualization (SR-IOV), RHOSP compute nodes require a flavor that supports huge pages.

SR-IOV deployments often employ performance optimizations, such as dedicated or isolated CPUs. For maximum performance, configure your underlying RHOSP deployment to use these optimizations, and then run OpenShift Container Platform compute machines on the optimized infrastructure.

Additional resources

Bootstrap machine

During installation, a bootstrap machine is temporarily provisioned to stand up the control plane. After the production control plane is ready, the bootstrap machine is deprovisioned.

The bootstrap machine requires:

  • An instance from the RHOSP quota

  • A port from the RHOSP quota

  • A flavor with at least 16 GB memory, 4 vCPUs, and 25 GB storage space

Downloading playbook dependencies

The Ansible playbooks that simplify the installation process on user-provisioned infrastructure require several Python modules. On the machine where you will run the installer, add the modules' repositories and then download them.

These instructions assume that you are using Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8.
Prerequisites
  • Python 3 is installed on your machine.

Procedure
  1. On a command line, add the repositories:

    1. Register with Red Hat Subscription Manager:

      $ sudo subscription-manager register # If not done already
    2. Pull the latest subscription data:

      $ sudo subscription-manager attach --pool=$YOUR_POOLID # If not done already
    3. Disable the current repositories:

      $ sudo subscription-manager repos --disable=* # If not done already
    4. Add the required repositories:

      $ sudo subscription-manager repos \
        --enable=rhel-8-for-x86_64-baseos-rpms \
        --enable=openstack-16-tools-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms \
        --enable=ansible-2.9-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms \
        --enable=rhel-8-for-x86_64-appstream-rpms
  2. Install the modules:

    $ sudo yum install python3-openstackclient ansible python3-openstacksdk python3-netaddr
  3. Ensure that the python command points to python3:

    $ sudo alternatives --set python /usr/bin/python3

Downloading the installation playbooks

Download Ansible playbooks that you can use to install OpenShift Container Platform on your own Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) infrastructure.

Prerequisites
  • The curl command-line tool is available on your machine.

Procedure
  • To download the playbooks to your working directory, run the following script from a command line:

    $ xargs -n 1 curl -O <<< '
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/bootstrap.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/common.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/compute-nodes.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/control-plane.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/inventory.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/network.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/security-groups.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/down-bootstrap.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/down-compute-nodes.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/down-control-plane.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/down-load-balancers.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/down-network.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/down-security-groups.yaml
            https://raw.githubusercontent.com/openshift/installer/release-4.7/upi/openstack/down-containers.yaml'

The playbooks are downloaded to your machine.

During the installation process, you can modify the playbooks to configure your deployment.

Retain all playbooks for the life of your cluster. You must have the playbooks to remove your OpenShift Container Platform cluster from RHOSP.

You must match any edits you make in the bootstrap.yaml, compute-nodes.yaml, control-plane.yaml, network.yaml, and security-groups.yaml files to the corresponding playbooks that are prefixed with down-. For example, edits to the bootstrap.yaml file must be reflected in the down-bootstrap.yaml file, too. If you do not edit both files, the supported cluster removal process will fail.

Obtaining the installation program

Before you install OpenShift Container Platform, download the installation file on a local computer.

Prerequisites
  • You have a computer that runs Linux or macOS, with 500 MB of local disk space

Procedure
  1. Access the Infrastructure Provider page on the Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager site. If you have a Red Hat account, log in with your credentials. If you do not, create an account.

  2. Select your infrastructure provider.

  3. Navigate to the page for your installation type, download the installation program for your operating system, and place the file in the directory where you will store the installation configuration files.

    The installation program creates several files on the computer that you use to install your cluster. You must keep the installation program and the files that the installation program creates after you finish installing the cluster. Both files are required to delete the cluster.

    Deleting the files created by the installation program does not remove your cluster, even if the cluster failed during installation. To remove your cluster, complete the OpenShift Container Platform uninstallation procedures for your specific cloud provider.

  4. Extract the installation program. For example, on a computer that uses a Linux operating system, run the following command:

    $ tar xvf openshift-install-linux.tar.gz
  5. From the Pull Secret page on the Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager site, download your installation pull secret as a .txt file. This pull secret allows you to authenticate with the services that are provided by the included authorities, including Quay.io, which serves the container images for OpenShift Container Platform components.

Generating an SSH private key and adding it to the agent

If you want to perform installation debugging or disaster recovery on your cluster, you must provide an SSH key to both your ssh-agent and the installation program. You can use this key to access the bootstrap machine in a public cluster to troubleshoot installation issues.

In a production environment, you require disaster recovery and debugging.

You can use this key to SSH into the master nodes as the user core. When you deploy the cluster, the key is added to the core user’s ~/.ssh/authorized_keys list.

You must use a local key, not one that you configured with platform-specific approaches such as AWS key pairs.

Procedure
  1. If you do not have an SSH key that is configured for password-less authentication on your computer, create one. For example, on a computer that uses a Linux operating system, run the following command:

    $ ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -N '' \
        -f <path>/<file_name> (1)
    1 Specify the path and file name, such as ~/.ssh/id_rsa, of the new SSH key. If you have an existing key pair, ensure your public key is in the your `~/.ssh directory.

    Running this command generates an SSH key that does not require a password in the location that you specified.

  2. Start the ssh-agent process as a background task:

    $ eval "$(ssh-agent -s)"
    Example output
    Agent pid 31874
  3. Add your SSH private key to the ssh-agent:

    $ ssh-add <path>/<file_name> (1)
    Example output
    Identity added: /home/<you>/<path>/<file_name> (<computer_name>)
    1 Specify the path and file name for your SSH private key, such as ~/.ssh/id_rsa
Next steps
  • When you install OpenShift Container Platform, provide the SSH public key to the installation program.

Creating the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS (RHCOS) image

The OpenShift Container Platform installation program requires that a Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS (RHCOS) image be present in the Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) cluster. Retrieve the latest RHCOS image, then upload it using the RHOSP CLI.

Prerequisites
  • The RHOSP CLI is installed.

Procedure
  1. Log in to the Red Hat Customer Portal’s Product Downloads page.

  2. Under Version, select the most recent release of OpenShift Container Platform 4.7 for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8.

    The RHCOS images might not change with every release of OpenShift Container Platform. You must download images with the highest version that is less than or equal to the OpenShift Container Platform version that you install. Use the image versions that match your OpenShift Container Platform version if they are available.

  3. Download the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS (RHCOS) - OpenStack Image (QCOW).

  4. Decompress the image.

    You must decompress the RHOSP image before the cluster can use it. The name of the downloaded file might not contain a compression extension, like .gz or .tgz. To find out if or how the file is compressed, in a command line, enter:

    $ file <name_of_downloaded_file>
  5. From the image that you downloaded, create an image that is named rhcos in your cluster by using the RHOSP CLI:

    $ openstack image create --container-format=bare --disk-format=qcow2 --file rhcos-${RHCOS_VERSION}-openstack.qcow2 rhcos
    Depending on your RHOSP environment, you might be able to upload the image in either .raw or .qcow2 formats. If you use Ceph, you must use the .raw format.
    If the installation program finds multiple images with the same name, it chooses one of them at random. To avoid this behavior, create unique names for resources in RHOSP.

After you upload the image to RHOSP, it is usable in the installation process.

Verifying external network access

The OpenShift Container Platform installation process requires external network access. You must provide an external network value to it, or deployment fails. Before you begin the process, verify that a network with the external router type exists in Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP).

Procedure
  1. Using the RHOSP CLI, verify the name and ID of the 'External' network:

    $ openstack network list --long -c ID -c Name -c "Router Type"
    Example output
    +--------------------------------------+----------------+-------------+
    | ID                                   | Name           | Router Type |
    +--------------------------------------+----------------+-------------+
    | 148a8023-62a7-4672-b018-003462f8d7dc | public_network | External    |
    +--------------------------------------+----------------+-------------+

A network with an external router type appears in the network list. If at least one does not, see Creating a default floating IP network and Creating a default provider network.

If the Neutron trunk service plug-in is enabled, a trunk port is created by default. For more information, see Neutron trunk port.

Enabling access to the environment

At deployment, all OpenShift Container Platform machines are created in a Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP)-tenant network. Therefore, they are not accessible directly in most RHOSP deployments.

You can configure OpenShift Container Platform API and application access by using floating IP addresses (FIPs) during installation. You can also complete an installation without configuring FIPs, but the installer will not configure a way to reach the API or applications externally.

Enabling access with floating IP addresses

Create floating IP (FIP) addresses for external access to the OpenShift Container Platform API, cluster applications, and the bootstrap process.

Procedure
  1. Using the Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) CLI, create the API FIP:

    $ openstack floating ip create --description "API <cluster_name>.<base_domain>" <external_network>
  2. Using the Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) CLI, create the apps, or Ingress, FIP:

    $ openstack floating ip create --description "Ingress <cluster_name>.<base_domain>" <external_network>
  3. By using the Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) CLI, create the bootstrap FIP:

    $ openstack floating ip create --description "bootstrap machine" <external_network>
  4. Add records that follow these patterns to your DNS server for the API and Ingress FIPs:

    api.<cluster_name>.<base_domain>.  IN  A  <API_FIP>
    *.apps.<cluster_name>.<base_domain>. IN  A <apps_FIP>

    If you do not control the DNS server, you can add the record to your /etc/hosts file. This action makes the API accessible to only you, which is not suitable for production deployment but does allow installation for development and testing.

  5. Add the FIPs to the inventory.yaml file as the values of the following variables:

    • os_api_fip

    • os_bootstrap_fip

    • os_ingress_fip

If you use these values, you must also enter an external network as the value of the os_external_network variable in the inventory.yaml file.

You can make OpenShift Container Platform resources available outside of the cluster by assigning a floating IP address and updating your firewall configuration.

Completing installation without floating IP addresses

You can install OpenShift Container Platform on Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) without providing floating IP addresses.

In the inventory.yaml file, do not define the following variables:

  • os_api_fip

  • os_bootstrap_fip

  • os_ingress_fip

If you cannot provide an external network, you can also leave os_external_network blank. If you do not provide a value for os_external_network, a router is not created for you, and, without additional action, the installer will fail to retrieve an image from Glance. Later in the installation process, when you create network resources, you must configure external connectivity on your own.

If you run the installer with the wait-for command from a system that cannot reach the cluster API due to a lack of floating IP addresses or name resolution, installation fails. To prevent installation failure in these cases, you can use a proxy network or run the installer from a system that is on the same network as your machines.

You can enable name resolution by creating DNS records for the API and Ingress ports. For example:

api.<cluster_name>.<base_domain>.  IN  A  <api_port_IP>
*.apps.<cluster_name>.<base_domain>. IN  A <ingress_port_IP>

If you do not control the DNS server, you can add the record to your /etc/hosts file. This action makes the API accessible to only you, which is not suitable for production deployment but does allow installation for development and testing.

Defining parameters for the installation program

The OpenShift Container Platform installation program relies on a file that is called clouds.yaml. The file describes Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) configuration parameters, including the project name, log in information, and authorization service URLs.

Procedure
  1. Create the clouds.yaml file:

    • If your RHOSP distribution includes the Horizon web UI, generate a clouds.yaml file in it.

      Remember to add a password to the auth field. You can also keep secrets in a separate file from clouds.yaml.

    • If your RHOSP distribution does not include the Horizon web UI, or you do not want to use Horizon, create the file yourself. For detailed information about clouds.yaml, see Config files in the RHOSP documentation.

      clouds:
        shiftstack:
          auth:
            auth_url: http://10.10.14.42:5000/v3
            project_name: shiftstack
            username: shiftstack_user
            password: XXX
            user_domain_name: Default
            project_domain_name: Default
        dev-env:
          region_name: RegionOne
          auth:
            username: 'devuser'
            password: XXX
            project_name: 'devonly'
            auth_url: 'https://10.10.14.22:5001/v2.0'
  2. If your RHOSP installation uses self-signed certificate authority (CA) certificates for endpoint authentication:

    1. Copy the certificate authority file to your machine.

    2. Add the machine to the certificate authority trust bundle:

      $ sudo cp ca.crt.pem /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/
    3. Update the trust bundle:

      $ sudo update-ca-trust extract
    4. Add the cacerts key to the clouds.yaml file. The value must be an absolute, non-root-accessible path to the CA certificate:

      clouds:
        shiftstack:
          ...
          cacert: "/etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/ca.crt.pem"

      After you run the installer with a custom CA certificate, you can update the certificate by editing the value of the ca-cert.pem key in the cloud-provider-config keymap. On a command line, run:

      $ oc edit configmap -n openshift-config cloud-provider-config
  3. Place the clouds.yaml file in one of the following locations:

    1. The value of the OS_CLIENT_CONFIG_FILE environment variable

    2. The current directory

    3. A Unix-specific user configuration directory, for example ~/.config/openstack/clouds.yaml

    4. A Unix-specific site configuration directory, for example /etc/openstack/clouds.yaml

      The installation program searches for clouds.yaml in that order.

Creating the installation configuration file

You can customize the OpenShift Container Platform cluster you install on Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP).

Prerequisites
  • Obtain the OpenShift Container Platform installation program and the pull secret for your cluster.

Procedure
  1. Create the install-config.yaml file.

    1. Change to the directory that contains the installation program and run the following command:

      $ ./openshift-install create install-config --dir=<installation_directory> (1)
      1 For <installation_directory>, specify the directory name to store the files that the installation program creates.

      Specify an empty directory. Some installation assets, like bootstrap X.509 certificates have short expiration intervals, so you must not reuse an installation directory. If you want to reuse individual files from another cluster installation, you can copy them into your directory. However, the file names for the installation assets might change between releases. Use caution when copying installation files from an earlier OpenShift Container Platform version.

    2. At the prompts, provide the configuration details for your cloud:

      1. Optional: Select an SSH key to use to access your cluster machines.

        For production OpenShift Container Platform clusters on which you want to perform installation debugging or disaster recovery, specify an SSH key that your ssh-agent process uses.

      2. Select openstack as the platform to target.

      3. Specify the Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) external network name to use for installing the cluster.

      4. Specify the floating IP address to use for external access to the OpenShift API.

      5. Specify a RHOSP flavor with at least 16 GB RAM to use for control plane and compute nodes.

      6. Select the base domain to deploy the cluster to. All DNS records will be sub-domains of this base and will also include the cluster name.

      7. Enter a name for your cluster. The name must be 14 or fewer characters long.

      8. Paste the pull secret that you obtained from the Pull Secret page on the Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager site.

  2. Modify the install-config.yaml file. You can find more information about the available parameters in the Installation configuration parameters section.

  3. Back up the install-config.yaml file so that you can use it to install multiple clusters.

    The install-config.yaml file is consumed during the installation process. If you want to reuse the file, you must back it up now.

You now have the file install-config.yaml in the directory that you specified.

Installation configuration parameters

Before you deploy an OpenShift Container Platform cluster, you provide parameter values to describe your account on the cloud platform that hosts your cluster and optionally customize your cluster’s platform. When you create the install-config.yaml installation configuration file, you provide values for the required parameters through the command line. If you customize your cluster, you can modify the install-config.yaml file to provide more details about the platform.

After installation, you cannot modify these parameters in the install-config.yaml file.

The openshift-install command does not validate field names for parameters. If an incorrect name is specified, the related file or object is not created, and no error is reported. Ensure that the field names for any parameters that are specified are correct.

Table 2. Required parameters
Parameter Description Values

apiVersion

The API version for the install-config.yaml content. The current version is v1. The installer may also support older API versions.

String

baseDomain

The base domain of your cloud provider. The base domain is used to create routes to your OpenShift Container Platform cluster components. The full DNS name for your cluster is a combination of the baseDomain and metadata.name parameter values that uses the <metadata.name>.<baseDomain> format.

A fully-qualified domain or subdomain name, such as example.com.

metadata

Kubernetes resource ObjectMeta, from which only the name parameter is consumed.

Object

metadata.name

The name of the cluster. DNS records for the cluster are all subdomains of {{.metadata.name}}.{{.baseDomain}}.

String of lowercase letters, hyphens (-), and periods (.), such as dev. The string must be 14 characters or fewer long.

platform

The configuration for the specific platform upon which to perform the installation: aws, baremetal, azure, openstack, ovirt, vsphere. For additional information about platform.<platform> parameters, consult the following table for your specific platform.

Object

pullSecret

Get this pull secret from https://cloud.redhat.com/openshift/install/pull-secret to authenticate downloading container images for OpenShift Container Platform components from services such as Quay.io.

{
   "auths":{
      "cloud.openshift.com":{
         "auth":"b3Blb=",
         "email":"you@example.com"
      },
      "quay.io":{
         "auth":"b3Blb=",
         "email":"you@example.com"
      }
   }
}
Table 3. Optional parameters
Parameter Description Values

additionalTrustBundle

A PEM-encoded X.509 certificate bundle that is added to the nodes' trusted certificate store. This trust bundle may also be used when a proxy has been configured.

String

compute

The configuration for the machines that comprise the compute nodes.

Array of machine-pool objects. For details, see the following "Machine-pool" table.

compute.architecture

Determines the instruction set architecture of the machines in the pool. Currently, heteregeneous clusters are not supported, so all pools must specify the same architecture. Valid values are amd64 (the default).

String

compute.hyperthreading

Whether to enable or disable simultaneous multithreading, or hyperthreading, on compute machines. By default, simultaneous multithreading is enabled to increase the performance of your machines' cores.

If you disable simultaneous multithreading, ensure that your capacity planning accounts for the dramatically decreased machine performance.

Enabled or Disabled

compute.name

Required if you use compute. The name of the machine pool.

worker

compute.platform

Required if you use compute. Use this parameter to specify the cloud provider to host the worker machines. This parameter value must match the controlPlane.platform parameter value.

aws, azure, gcp, openstack, ovirt, vsphere, or {}

compute.replicas

The number of compute machines, which are also known as worker machines, to provision.

A positive integer greater than or equal to 2. The default value is 3.

controlPlane

The configuration for the machines that comprise the control plane.

Array of MachinePool objects. For details, see the following "Machine-pool" table.

controlPlane.architecture

Determines the instruction set architecture of the machines in the pool. Currently, heterogeneous clusters are not supported, so all pools must specify the same architecture. Valid values are amd64 (the default).

String

controlPlane.hyperthreading

Whether to enable or disable simultaneous multithreading, or hyperthreading, on control plane machines. By default, simultaneous multithreading is enabled to increase the performance of your machines' cores.

If you disable simultaneous multithreading, ensure that your capacity planning accounts for the dramatically decreased machine performance.

Enabled or Disabled

controlPlane.name

Required if you use controlPlane. The name of the machine pool.

master

controlPlane.platform

Required if you use controlPlane. Use this parameter to specify the cloud provider that hosts the control plane machines. This parameter value must match the compute.platform parameter value.

aws, azure, gcp, openstack, ovirt, vsphere, or {}

controlPlane.replicas

The number of control plane machines to provision.

The only supported value is 3, which is the default value.

credentialsMode

The Cloud Credential Operator (CCO) mode. If no mode is specified, the CCO dynamically tries to determine the capabilities of the provided credentials, with a preference for mint mode on the platforms where multiple modes are supported.

Not all CCO modes are supported for all cloud providers. For more information on CCO modes, see the Cloud Credential Operator entry in the Red Hat Operators reference content.

Mint, Passthrough, Manual, or an empty string ("").

fips

Enable or disable FIPS mode. The default is false (disabled). If FIPS mode is enabled, the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS (RHCOS) machines that OpenShift Container Platform runs on bypass the default Kubernetes cryptography suite and use the cryptography modules that are provided with RHCOS instead.

If you are using Azure File storage, you cannot enable FIPS mode.

false or true

imageContentSources

Sources and repositories for the release-image content.

Array of objects. Includes a source and, optionally, mirrors, as described in the following rows of this table.

imageContentSources.source

Required if you use imageContentSources. Specify the repository that users refer to, for example, in image pull specifications.

String

imageContentSources.mirrors

Specify one or more repositories that may also contain the same images.

Array of strings

networking

The configuration for the network for the cluster.

Object

You cannot modify parameters specified by the networking object after installation.

networking.networkType

The default Container Network Interface (CNI) network provider plug-in to install. Either OpenShiftSDN or OVNKubernetes. The default value is OpenShiftSDN.

String

networking.clusterNetwork

The IP address blocks for pods. The default is 10.128.0.0/14 with a host prefix of /23. If you specify multiple IP address blocks, the blocks must not overlap.

Array of objects. For example:

networking:
  clusterNetwork:
  - cidr: 10.128.0.0/14
    hostPrefix: 23

networking.clusterNetwork.cidr

Required if you use networking.clusterNetwork. An IP address block.

IP network in Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) notation. For example, 10.128.0.0/14.

networking.clusterNetwork.hostPrefix

The subnet prefix length to assign to each individual node. For example, if hostPrefix is set to 23, then each node is assigned a /23 subnet out of the given cidr, allowing for 510 (2^(32 - 23) - 2) pod IP addresses.

A subnet prefix. The default value is 23.

networking.serviceNetwork

The IP address block for services. The default is 172.30.0.0/16.

The OpenShift SDN and OVN-Kubernetes Container Network Interface (CNI) network providers support only a single IP address block for the service network.

An IP address block in CIDR format. For example, 172.30.0.0/16.

networking:
  serviceNetwork:
   - 172.30.0.0/16

networking.machineNetwork

The IP address blocks for machines.

Array of objects

networking:
  machineNetwork:
  - cidr: 10.0.0.0/16

networking.machineNetwork.cidr

Required if you use networking.machineNetwork. An IP address block. The default is 10.0.0.0/16 for all platforms other than libvirt. For libvirt, the default is 192.168.126.0/24.

IP network in Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) notation. For example, 10.0.0.0/16.

Set the networking.machineNetwork to match the CIDR that the preferred NIC resides in.

publish

How to publish or expose the user-facing endpoints of your cluster, such as the Kubernetes API, OpenShift routes.

Internal or External. The default value is External.

Setting this field to Internal is not supported on non-cloud platforms.

If the value of the field is set to Internal, the cluster will become non-functional. For more information, refer to BZ#1953035.

sshKey

The SSH key or keys to authenticate access your cluster machines.

For production OpenShift Container Platform clusters on which you want to perform installation debugging or disaster recovery, specify an SSH key that your ssh-agent process uses.

One or more keys. For example:

sshKey:
  <key1>
  <key2>
  <key3>
Table 4. Additional Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) parameters
Parameter Description Values

compute.platform.openstack.rootVolume.size

For compute machines, the size in gigabytes of the root volume. If you do not set this value, machines use ephemeral storage.

Integer, for example 30.

compute.platform.openstack.rootVolume.type

For compute machines, the root volume’s type.

String, for example performance.

controlPlane.platform.openstack.rootVolume.size

For control plane machines, the size in gigabytes of the root volume. If you do not set this value, machines use ephemeral storage.

Integer, for example 30.

controlPlane.platform.openstack.rootVolume.type

For control plane machines, the root volume’s type.

String, for example performance.

platform.openstack.cloud

The name of the RHOSP cloud to use from the list of clouds in the clouds.yaml file.

String, for example MyCloud.

platform.openstack.externalNetwork

The RHOSP external network name to be used for installation.

String, for example external.

platform.openstack.computeFlavor

The RHOSP flavor to use for control plane and compute machines.

This property is deprecated. To use a flavor as the default for all machine pools, add it as the value of the type key in the platform.openstack.defaultMachinePlatform property. You can also set a flavor value for each machine pool individually.

String, for example m1.xlarge.

Table 5. Optional RHOSP parameters
Parameter Description Values

compute.platform.openstack.additionalNetworkIDs

Additional networks that are associated with compute machines. Allowed address pairs are not created for additional networks.

A list of one or more UUIDs as strings. For example, fa806b2f-ac49-4bce-b9db-124bc64209bf.

compute.platform.openstack.additionalSecurityGroupIDs

Additional security groups that are associated with compute machines.

A list of one or more UUIDs as strings. For example, 7ee219f3-d2e9-48a1-96c2-e7429f1b0da7.

compute.platform.openstack.zones

RHOSP Compute (Nova) availability zones (AZs) to install machines on. If this parameter is not set, the installer relies on the default settings for Nova that the RHOSP administrator configured.

On clusters that use Kuryr, RHOSP Octavia does not support availability zones. Load balancers and, if you are using the Amphora provider driver, OpenShift Container Platform services that rely on Amphora VMs, are not created according to the value of this property.

A list of strings. For example, ["zone-1", "zone-2"].

controlPlane.platform.openstack.additionalNetworkIDs

Additional networks that are associated with control plane machines. Allowed address pairs are not created for additional networks.

A list of one or more UUIDs as strings. For example, fa806b2f-ac49-4bce-b9db-124bc64209bf.

controlPlane.platform.openstack.additionalSecurityGroupIDs

Additional security groups that are associated with control plane machines.

A list of one or more UUIDs as strings. For example, 7ee219f3-d2e9-48a1-96c2-e7429f1b0da7.

controlPlane.platform.openstack.zones

RHOSP Compute (Nova) availability zones (AZs) to install machines on. If this parameter is not set, the installer relies on the default settings for Nova that the RHOSP administrator configured.

On clusters that use Kuryr, RHOSP Octavia does not support availability zones. Load balancers and, if you are using the Amphora provider driver, OpenShift Container Platform services that rely on Amphora VMs, are not created according to the value of this property.

A list of strings. For example, ["zone-1", "zone-2"].

platform.openstack.clusterOSImage

The location from which the installer downloads the RHCOS image.

You must set this parameter to perform an installation in a restricted network.

An HTTP or HTTPS URL, optionally with an SHA-256 checksum.

For example, http://mirror.example.com/images/rhcos-43.81.201912131630.0-openstack.x86_64.qcow2.gz?sha256=ffebbd68e8a1f2a245ca19522c16c86f67f9ac8e4e0c1f0a812b068b16f7265d. The value can also be the name of an existing Glance image, for example my-rhcos.

platform.openstack.clusterOSImageProperties

Properties to add to the installer-uploaded ClusterOSImage in Glance. This property is ignored if platform.openstack.clusterOSImage is set to an existing Glance image.

You can use this property to exceed the default persistent volume (PV) limit for RHOSP of 26 PVs per node. To exceed the limit, set the hw_scsi_model property value to virtio-scsi and the hw_disk_bus value to scsi.

You can also use this property to enable the QEMU guest agent by including the hw_qemu_guest_agent property with a value of yes.

A list of key-value string pairs. For example, ["hw_scsi_model": "virtio-scsi", "hw_disk_bus": "scsi"].

platform.openstack.defaultMachinePlatform

The default machine pool platform configuration.

{
   "type": "ml.large",
   "rootVolume": {
      "size": 30,
      "type": "performance"
   }
}

platform.openstack.ingressFloatingIP

An existing floating IP address to associate with the Ingress port. To use this property, you must also define the platform.openstack.externalNetwork property.

An IP address, for example 128.0.0.1.

platform.openstack.apiFloatingIP

An existing floating IP address to associate with the API load balancer. To use this property, you must also define the platform.openstack.externalNetwork property.

An IP address, for example 128.0.0.1.

platform.openstack.externalDNS

IP addresses for external DNS servers that cluster instances use for DNS resolution.

A list of IP addresses as strings. For example, ["8.8.8.8", "192.168.1.12"].

platform.openstack.machinesSubnet

The UUID of a RHOSP subnet that the cluster’s nodes use. Nodes and virtual IP (VIP) ports are created on this subnet.

The first item in networking.machineNetwork must match the value of machinesSubnet.

If you deploy to a custom subnet, you cannot specify an external DNS server to the OpenShift Container Platform installer. Instead, add DNS to the subnet in RHOSP.

A UUID as a string. For example, fa806b2f-ac49-4bce-b9db-124bc64209bf.

Sample customized install-config.yaml file for RHOSP

This sample install-config.yaml demonstrates all of the possible Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) customization options.

This sample file is provided for reference only. You must obtain your install-config.yaml file by using the installation program.
apiVersion: v1
baseDomain: example.com
controlPlane:
  name: master
  platform: {}
  replicas: 3
compute:
- name: worker
  platform:
    openstack:
      type: ml.large
  replicas: 3
metadata:
  name: example
networking:
  clusterNetwork:
  - cidr: 10.128.0.0/14
    hostPrefix: 23
  machineNetwork:
  - cidr: 10.0.0.0/16
  serviceNetwork:
  - 172.30.0.0/16
  networkType: OpenShiftSDN
platform:
  openstack:
    cloud: mycloud
    externalNetwork: external
    computeFlavor: m1.xlarge
    apiFloatingIP: 128.0.0.1
fips: false
pullSecret: '{"auths": ...}'
sshKey: ssh-ed25519 AAAA...

Custom subnets in RHOSP deployments

Optionally, you can deploy a cluster on a Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) subnet of your choice. The subnet’s GUID is passed as the value of platform.openstack.machinesSubnet in the install-config.yaml file.

This subnet is used as the cluster’s primary subnet. By default, nodes and ports are created on it. You can create nodes and ports on a different RHOSP subnet by setting the value of the platform.openstack.machinesSubnet property to the subnet’s UUID.

Before you run the OpenShift Container Platform installer with a custom subnet, verify that your configuration meets the following requirements:

  • The subnet that is used by platform.openstack.machinesSubnet has DHCP enabled.

  • The CIDR of platform.openstack.machinesSubnet matches the CIDR of networking.machineNetwork.

  • The installation program user has permission to create ports on this network, including ports with fixed IP addresses.

Clusters that use custom subnets have the following limitations:

  • If you plan to install a cluster that uses floating IP addresses, the platform.openstack.machinesSubnet subnet must be attached to a router that is connected to the externalNetwork network.

  • If the platform.openstack.machinesSubnet value is set in the install-config.yaml file, the installation program does not create a private network or subnet for your RHOSP machines.

  • You cannot use the platform.openstack.externalDNS property at the same time as a custom subnet. To add DNS to a cluster that uses a custom subnet, configure DNS on the RHOSP network.

By default, the API VIP takes x.x.x.5 and the Ingress VIP takes x.x.x.7 from your network’s CIDR block. To override these default values, set values for platform.openstack.apiVIP and platform.openstack.ingressVIP that are outside of the DHCP allocation pool.

Setting a custom subnet for machines

The IP range that the installation program uses by default might not match the Neutron subnet that you create when you install OpenShift Container Platform. If necessary, update the CIDR value for new machines by editing the installation configuration file.

Prerequisites
  • You have the install-config.yaml file that was generated by the OpenShift Container Platform installation program.

Procedure
  1. On a command line, browse to the directory that contains install-config.yaml.

  2. From that directory, either run a script to edit the install-config.yaml file or update the file manually:

    • To set the value by using a script, run:

      $ python -c '
      import yaml;
      path = "install-config.yaml";
      data = yaml.safe_load(open(path));
      data["networking"]["machineNetwork"] = [{"cidr": "192.168.0.0/18"}]; (1)
      open(path, "w").write(yaml.dump(data, default_flow_style=False))'
      1 Insert a value that matches your intended Neutron subnet, e.g. 192.0.2.0/24.
    • To set the value manually, open the file and set the value of networking.machineCIDR to something that matches your intended Neutron subnet.

Emptying compute machine pools

To proceed with an installation that uses your own infrastructure, set the number of compute machines in the installation configuration file to zero. Later, you create these machines manually.

Prerequisites
  • You have the install-config.yaml file that was generated by the OpenShift Container Platform installation program.

Procedure
  1. On a command line, browse to the directory that contains install-config.yaml.

  2. From that directory, either run a script to edit the install-config.yaml file or update the file manually:

    • To set the value by using a script, run:

      $ python -c '
      import yaml;
      path = "install-config.yaml";
      data = yaml.safe_load(open(path));
      data["compute"][0]["replicas"] = 0;
      open(path, "w").write(yaml.dump(data, default_flow_style=False))'
    • To set the value manually, open the file and set the value of compute.<first entry>.replicas to 0.

Creating the Kubernetes manifest and Ignition config files

Because you must modify some cluster definition files and manually start the cluster machines, you must generate the Kubernetes manifest and Ignition config files that the cluster needs to make its machines.

The installation configuration file transforms into the Kubernetes manifests. The manifests wrap into the Ignition configuration files, which are later used to create the cluster.

The Ignition config files that the installation program generates contain certificates that expire after 24 hours, which are then renewed at that time. If the cluster is shut down before renewing the certificates and the cluster is later restarted after the 24 hours have elapsed, the cluster automatically recovers the expired certificates. The exception is that you must manually approve the pending node-bootstrapper certificate signing requests (CSRs) to recover kubelet certificates. See the documentation for Recovering from expired control plane certificates for more information.

Prerequisites
  • You obtained the OpenShift Container Platform installation program.

  • You created the install-config.yaml installation configuration file.

Procedure
  1. Change to the directory that contains the installation program and generate the Kubernetes manifests for the cluster:

    $ ./openshift-install create manifests --dir=<installation_directory> (1)
    Example output
    INFO Credentials loaded from the "myprofile" profile in file "/home/myuser/.aws/credentials"
    INFO Consuming Install Config from target directory
    INFO Manifests created in: install_dir/manifests and install_dir/openshift
    1 For <installation_directory>, specify the installation directory that contains the install-config.yaml file you created.
  2. Remove the Kubernetes manifest files that define the control plane machines and compute machine sets:

    $ rm -f openshift/99_openshift-cluster-api_master-machines-*.yaml openshift/99_openshift-cluster-api_worker-machineset-*.yaml

    Because you create and manage these resources yourself, you do not have to initialize them.

    • You can preserve the machine set files to create compute machines by using the machine API, but you must update references to them to match your environment.

  3. Check that the mastersSchedulable parameter in the <installation_directory>/manifests/cluster-scheduler-02-config.yml Kubernetes manifest file is set to false. This setting prevents pods from being scheduled on the control plane machines:

    1. Open the <installation_directory>/manifests/cluster-scheduler-02-config.yml file.

    2. Locate the mastersSchedulable parameter and ensure that it is set to false.

    3. Save and exit the file.

  4. To create the Ignition configuration files, run the following command from the directory that contains the installation program:

    $ ./openshift-install create ignition-configs --dir=<installation_directory> (1)
    1 For <installation_directory>, specify the same installation directory.

    The following files are generated in the directory:

    .
    ├── auth
    │   ├── kubeadmin-password
    │   └── kubeconfig
    ├── bootstrap.ign
    ├── master.ign
    ├── metadata.json
    └── worker.ign
  5. Export the metadata file’s infraID key as an environment variable:

    $ export INFRA_ID=$(jq -r .infraID metadata.json)
Extract the infraID key from metadata.json and use it as a prefix for all of the RHOSP resources that you create. By doing so, you avoid name conflicts when making multiple deployments in the same project.

Preparing the bootstrap Ignition files

The OpenShift Container Platform installation process relies on bootstrap machines that are created from a bootstrap Ignition configuration file.

Edit the file and upload it. Then, create a secondary bootstrap Ignition configuration file that Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) uses to download the primary file.

Prerequisites
  • You have the bootstrap Ignition file that the installer program generates, bootstrap.ign.

  • The infrastructure ID from the installer’s metadata file is set as an environment variable ($INFRA_ID).

    • If the variable is not set, see Creating the Kubernetes manifest and Ignition config files.

  • You have an HTTP(S)-accessible way to store the bootstrap Ignition file.

    • The documented procedure uses the RHOSP image service (Glance), but you can also use the RHOSP storage service (Swift), Amazon S3, an internal HTTP server, or an ad hoc Nova server.

Procedure
  1. Run the following Python script. The script modifies the bootstrap Ignition file to set the host name and, if available, CA certificate file when it runs:

    import base64
    import json
    import os
    
    with open('bootstrap.ign', 'r') as f:
        ignition = json.load(f)
    
    files = ignition['storage'].get('files', [])
    
    infra_id = os.environ.get('INFRA_ID', 'openshift').encode()
    hostname_b64 = base64.standard_b64encode(infra_id + b'-bootstrap\n').decode().strip()
    files.append(
    {
        'path': '/etc/hostname',
        'mode': 420,
        'contents': {
            'source': 'data:text/plain;charset=utf-8;base64,' + hostname_b64
        }
    })
    
    ca_cert_path = os.environ.get('OS_CACERT', '')
    if ca_cert_path:
        with open(ca_cert_path, 'r') as f:
            ca_cert = f.read().encode()
            ca_cert_b64 = base64.standard_b64encode(ca_cert).decode().strip()
    
        files.append(
        {
            'path': '/opt/openshift/tls/cloud-ca-cert.pem',
            'mode': 420,
            'contents': {
                'source': 'data:text/plain;charset=utf-8;base64,' + ca_cert_b64
            }
        })
    
    ignition['storage']['files'] = files;
    
    with open('bootstrap.ign', 'w') as f:
        json.dump(ignition, f)
  2. Using the RHOSP CLI, create an image that uses the bootstrap Ignition file:

    $ openstack image create --disk-format=raw --container-format=bare --file bootstrap.ign <image_name>
  3. Get the image’s details:

    $ openstack image show <image_name>

    Make a note of the file value; it follows the pattern v2/images/<image_ID>/file.

    Verify that the image you created is active.
  4. Retrieve the image service’s public address:

    $ openstack catalog show image
  5. Combine the public address with the image file value and save the result as the storage location. The location follows the pattern <image_service_public_URL>/v2/images/<image_ID>/file.

  6. Generate an auth token and save the token ID:

    $ openstack token issue -c id -f value
  7. Insert the following content into a file called $INFRA_ID-bootstrap-ignition.json and edit the placeholders to match your own values:

    {
      "ignition": {
        "config": {
          "merge": [{
            "source": "<storage_url>", (1)
            "httpHeaders": [{
              "name": "X-Auth-Token", (2)
              "value": "<token_ID>" (3)
            }]
          }]
        },
        "security": {
          "tls": {
            "certificateAuthorities": [{
              "source": "data:text/plain;charset=utf-8;base64,<base64_encoded_certificate>" (4)
            }]
          }
        },
        "version": "3.1.0"
      }
    }
    1 Replace the value of ignition.config.merge.source with the bootstrap Ignition file storage URL.
    2 Set name in httpHeaders to "X-Auth-Token".
    3 Set value in httpHeaders to your token’s ID.
    4 If the bootstrap Ignition file server uses a self-signed certificate, include the base64-encoded certificate.
  8. Save the secondary Ignition config file.

The bootstrap Ignition data will be passed to RHOSP during installation.

The bootstrap Ignition file contains sensitive information, like clouds.yaml credentials. Ensure that you store it in a secure place, and delete it after you complete the installation process.

Creating control plane Ignition config files on RHOSP

Installing OpenShift Container Platform on Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) on your own infrastructure requires control plane Ignition config files. You must create multiple config files.

As with the bootstrap Ignition configuration, you must explicitly define a host name for each control plane machine.
Prerequisites
  • The infrastructure ID from the installation program’s metadata file is set as an environment variable ($INFRA_ID).

    • If the variable is not set, see "Creating the Kubernetes manifest and Ignition config files".

Procedure
  • On a command line, run the following Python script:

    $ for index in $(seq 0 2); do
        MASTER_HOSTNAME="$INFRA_ID-master-$index\n"
        python -c "import base64, json, sys;
    ignition = json.load(sys.stdin);
    storage = ignition.get('storage', {});
    files = storage.get('files', []);
    files.append({'path': '/etc/hostname', 'mode': 420, 'contents': {'source': 'data:text/plain;charset=utf-8;base64,' + base64.standard_b64encode(b'$MASTER_HOSTNAME').decode().strip(), 'verification': {}}, 'filesystem': 'root'});
    storage['files'] = files;
    ignition['storage'] = storage
    json.dump(ignition, sys.stdout)" <master.ign >"$INFRA_ID-master-$index-ignition.json"
    done

    You now have three control plane Ignition files: <INFRA_ID>-master-0-ignition.json, <INFRA_ID>-master-1-ignition.json, and <INFRA_ID>-master-2-ignition.json.

Creating network resources on RHOSP

Create the network resources that an OpenShift Container Platform on Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) installation on your own infrastructure requires. To save time, run supplied Ansible playbooks that generate security groups, networks, subnets, routers, and ports.

Prerequisites
  • Python 3 is installed on your machine.

  • You downloaded the modules in "Downloading playbook dependencies".

  • You downloaded the playbooks in "Downloading the installation playbooks".

Procedure
  1. Optional: Add an external network value to the inventory.yaml playbook:

    Example external network value in the inventory.yaml Ansible playbook
    ...
          # The public network providing connectivity to the cluster. If not
          # provided, the cluster external connectivity must be provided in another
          # way.
    
          # Required for os_api_fip, os_ingress_fip, os_bootstrap_fip.
          os_external_network: 'external'
    ...

    If you did not provide a value for os_external_network in the inventory.yaml file, you must ensure that VMs can access Glance and an external connection yourself.

  2. Optional: Add external network and floating IP (FIP) address values to the inventory.yaml playbook:

    Example FIP values in the inventory.yaml Ansible playbook
    ...
          # OpenShift API floating IP address. If this value is non-empty, the
          # corresponding floating IP will be attached to the Control Plane to
          # serve the OpenShift API.
          os_api_fip: '203.0.113.23'
    
          # OpenShift Ingress floating IP address. If this value is non-empty, the
          # corresponding floating IP will be attached to the worker nodes to serve
          # the applications.
          os_ingress_fip: '203.0.113.19'
    
          # If this value is non-empty, the corresponding floating IP will be
          # attached to the bootstrap machine. This is needed for collecting logs
          # in case of install failure.
          os_bootstrap_fip: '203.0.113.20'

    If you do not define values for os_api_fip and os_ingress_fip, you must perform post-installation network configuration.

    If you do not define a value for os_bootstrap_fip, the installer cannot download debugging information from failed installations.

    See "Enabling access to the environment" for more information.

  3. On a command line, create security groups by running the security-groups.yaml playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook -i inventory.yaml security-groups.yaml
  4. On a command line, create a network, subnet, and router by running the network.yaml playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook -i inventory.yaml network.yaml
  5. Optional: If you want to control the default resolvers that Nova servers use, run the RHOSP CLI command:

    $ openstack subnet set --dns-nameserver <server_1> --dns-nameserver <server_2> "$INFRA_ID-nodes"

Optionally, you can use the the inventory.yaml file that you created to customize your installation. For example, you can deploy a cluster that uses bare metal machines.

Deploying a cluster with bare metal machines

If you want your cluster to use bare metal machines, modify the inventory.yaml file. Your cluster can have both control plane and compute machines running on bare metal, or just compute machines.

Bare-metal compute machines are not supported on clusters that use Kuryr.

Be sure that your install-config.yaml file reflects whether the RHOSP network that you use for bare metal workers supports floating IP addresses or not.

Prerequisites
  • The RHOSP Bare Metal service (Ironic) is enabled and accessible via the RHOSP Compute API.

  • Bare metal is available as a RHOSP flavor.

  • The RHOSP network supports both VM and bare metal server attachment.

  • Your network configuration does not rely on a provider network. Provider networks are not supported.

  • If you want to deploy the machines on a pre-existing network, a RHOSP subnet is provisioned.

  • If you want to deploy the machines on an installer-provisioned network, the RHOSP Bare Metal service (Ironic) is able to listen for and interact with Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) boot machines that run on tenant networks.

  • You created an inventory.yaml file as part of the OpenShift Container Platform installation process.

Procedure
  1. In the inventory.yaml file, edit the flavors for machines:

    1. If you want to use bare-metal control plane machines, change the value of os_flavor_master to a bare metal flavor.

    2. Change the value of os_flavor_worker to a bare metal flavor.

      An example bare metal inventory.yaml file
      all:
        hosts:
          localhost:
            ansible_connection: local
            ansible_python_interpreter: "{{ansible_playbook_python}}"
      
            # User-provided values
            os_subnet_range: '10.0.0.0/16'
            os_flavor_master: 'my-bare-metal-flavor' (1)
            os_flavor_worker: 'my-bare-metal-flavor' (2)
            os_image_rhcos: 'rhcos'
            os_external_network: 'external'
      ...
      1 If you want to have bare-metal control plane machines, change this value to a bare metal flavor.
      2 Change this value to a bare metal flavor to use for compute machines.

Use the updated inventory.yaml file to complete the installation process. Machines that are created during deployment use the flavor that you added to the file.

The installer may time out while waiting for bare metal machines to boot.

If the installer times out, restart and then complete the deployment by using the wait-for command of the installer. For example:

./openshift-install wait-for install-complete --log-level debug

Creating the bootstrap machine on RHOSP

Create a bootstrap machine and give it the network access it needs to run on Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP). Red Hat provides an Ansible playbook that you run to simplify this process.

Prerequisites
  • You downloaded the modules in "Downloading playbook dependencies".

  • You downloaded the playbooks in "Downloading the installation playbooks".

  • The inventory.yaml, common.yaml, and bootstrap.yaml Ansible playbooks are in a common directory.

  • The metadata.json file that the installation program created is in the same directory as the Ansible playbooks.

Procedure
  1. On a command line, change the working directory to the location of the playbooks.

  2. On a command line, run the bootstrap.yaml playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook -i inventory.yaml bootstrap.yaml
  3. After the bootstrap server is active, view the logs to verify that the Ignition files were received:

    $ openstack console log show "$INFRA_ID-bootstrap"

Creating the control plane machines on RHOSP

Create three control plane machines by using the Ignition config files that you generated. Red Hat provides an Ansible playbook that you run to simplify this process.

Prerequisites
  • You downloaded the modules in "Downloading playbook dependencies".

  • You downloaded the playbooks in "Downloading the installation playbooks".

  • The infrastructure ID from the installation program’s metadata file is set as an environment variable ($INFRA_ID).

  • The inventory.yaml, common.yaml, and control-plane.yaml Ansible playbooks are in a common directory.

  • You have the three Ignition files that were created in "Creating control plane Ignition config files".

Procedure
  1. On a command line, change the working directory to the location of the playbooks.

  2. If the control plane Ignition config files aren’t already in your working directory, copy them into it.

  3. On a command line, run the control-plane.yaml playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook -i inventory.yaml control-plane.yaml
  4. Run the following command to monitor the bootstrapping process:

    $ openshift-install wait-for bootstrap-complete

    You will see messages that confirm that the control plane machines are running and have joined the cluster:

    INFO API v1.14.6+f9b5405 up
    INFO Waiting up to 30m0s for bootstrapping to complete...
    ...
    INFO It is now safe to remove the bootstrap resources

Logging in to the cluster by using the CLI

You can log in to your cluster as a default system user by exporting the cluster kubeconfig file. The kubeconfig file contains information about the cluster that is used by the CLI to connect a client to the correct cluster and API server. The file is specific to a cluster and is created during OpenShift Container Platform installation.

Prerequisites
  • You deployed an OpenShift Container Platform cluster.

  • You installed the oc CLI.

Procedure
  1. Export the kubeadmin credentials:

    $ export KUBECONFIG=<installation_directory>/auth/kubeconfig (1)
    1 For <installation_directory>, specify the path to the directory that you stored the installation files in.
  2. Verify you can run oc commands successfully using the exported configuration:

    $ oc whoami
    Example output
    system:admin

Deleting bootstrap resources from RHOSP

Delete the bootstrap resources that you no longer need.

Prerequisites
  • You downloaded the modules in "Downloading playbook dependencies".

  • You downloaded the playbooks in "Downloading the installation playbooks".

  • The inventory.yaml, common.yaml, and down-bootstrap.yaml Ansible playbooks are in a common directory.

  • The control plane machines are running.

    • If you do not know the status of the machines, see "Verifying cluster status".

Procedure
  1. On a command line, change the working directory to the location of the playbooks.

  2. On a command line, run the down-bootstrap.yaml playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook -i inventory.yaml down-bootstrap.yaml

The bootstrap port, server, and floating IP address are deleted.

If you did not disable the bootstrap Ignition file URL earlier, do so now.

Creating SR-IOV networks for compute machines

If your Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) deployment supports single root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV), you can provision SR-IOV networks that compute machines run on.

The following instructions entail creating an external flat network and an external, VLAN-based network that can be attached to a compute machine. Depending on your RHOSP deployment, other network types might be required.

Prerequisites
  • Your cluster supports SR-IOV.

    If you are unsure about what your cluster supports, review the OpenShift Container Platform SR-IOV hardware networks documentation.

  • You created radio and uplink provider networks as part of your RHOSP deployment. The names radio and uplink are used in all example commands to represent these networks.

Procedure
  1. On a command line, create a radio RHOSP network:

    $ openstack network create radio --provider-physical-network radio --provider-network-type flat --external
  2. Create an uplink RHOSP network:

    $ openstack network create uplink --provider-physical-network uplink --provider-network-type vlan --external
  3. Create a subnet for the radio network:

    $ openstack subnet create --network radio --subnet-range <radio_network_subnet_range> radio
  4. Create a subnet for the uplink network:

    $ openstack subnet create --network uplink --subnet-range <uplink_network_subnet_range> uplink

Creating compute machines that run on SR-IOV networks

After standing up the control plane, create compute machines that run on the SR-IOV networks that you created in "Creating SR-IOV networks for compute machines".

Prerequisites
  • You downloaded the modules in "Downloading playbook dependencies".

  • You downloaded the playbooks in "Downloading the installation playbooks".

  • The metadata.yaml file that the installation program created is in the same directory as the Ansible playbooks.

  • The control plane is active.

  • You created radio and uplink SR-IOV networks as described in "Creating SR-IOV networks for compute machines".

Procedure
  1. On a command line, change the working directory to the location of the inventory.yaml and common.yaml files.

  2. Add the radio and uplink networks to the end of the inventory.yaml file by using the additionalNetworks parameter:

    ....
    # If this value is non-empty, the corresponding floating IP will be
    # attached to the bootstrap machine. This is needed for collecting logs
    # in case of install failure.
        os_bootstrap_fip: '203.0.113.20'
    
        additionalNetworks:
        - id: radio
          count: 4 (1)
          type: direct
          port_security_enabled: no
        - id: uplink
          count: 4 (1)
          type: direct
          port_security_enabled: no
    1 The count parameter defines the number of SR-IOV virtual functions (VFs) to attach to each worker node. In this case, each network has four VFs.
  3. Replace the content of the compute-nodes.yaml file with the following text:

    compute-nodes.yaml
    - import_playbook: common.yaml
    
    - hosts: all
      gather_facts: no
    
      vars:
        worker_list: []
        port_name_list: []
        nic_list: []
    
      tasks:
      # Create the SDN/primary port for each worker node
      - name: 'Create the Compute ports'
        os_port:
          name: "{{ item.1 }}-{{ item.0 }}"
          network: "{{ os_network }}"
          security_groups:
          - "{{ os_sg_worker }}"
          allowed_address_pairs:
          - ip_address: "{{ os_ingressVIP }}"
        with_indexed_items: "{{ [os_port_worker] * os_compute_nodes_number }}"
        register: ports
    
      # Tag each SDN/primary port with cluster name
      - name: 'Set Compute ports tag'
        command:
          cmd: "openstack port set --tag {{ cluster_id_tag }} {{ item.1 }}-{{ item.0 }}"
        with_indexed_items: "{{ [os_port_worker] * os_compute_nodes_number }}"
    
      - name: 'List the Compute Trunks'
        command:
          cmd: "openstack network trunk list"
        when: os_networking_type == "Kuryr"
        register: compute_trunks
    
      - name: 'Create the Compute trunks'
        command:
          cmd: "openstack network trunk create --parent-port {{ item.1.id }} {{ os_compute_trunk_name }}-{{ item.0 }}"
        with_indexed_items: "{{ ports.results }}"
        when:
        - os_networking_type == "Kuryr"
        - "os_compute_trunk_name|string not in compute_trunks.stdout"
    
      - name: ‘Call additional-port processing’
        include_tasks: additional-ports.yaml
    
      # Create additional ports in OpenStack
      - name: ‘Create additionalNetworks ports’
        os_port:
          name:  "{{ item.0 }}-{{ item.1.name }}"
          vnic_type: "{{ item.1.type }}"
          network: "{{ item.1.uuid }}"
          port_security_enabled: "{{ item.1.port_security_enabled|default(omit) }}"
          no_security_groups: "{{ 'true' if item.1.security_groups is not defined else omit }}"
          security_groups: "{{ item.1.security_groups | default(omit) }}"
        with_nested:
          - "{{ worker_list }}"
          - "{{ port_name_list }}"
    
      # Tag the ports with the cluster info
      - name: 'Set additionalNetworks ports tag'
        command:
          cmd: "openstack port set --tag {{ cluster_id_tag }} {{ item.0 }}-{{ item.1.name }}"
        with_nested:
          - "{{ worker_list }}"
          - "{{ port_name_list }}"
    
      # Build the nic list to use for server create
      - name: Build nic list
        set_fact:
          nic_list: "{{ nic_list | default([]) + [ item.name ] }}"
        with_items: "{{ port_name_list }}"
    
      # Create the servers
      - name: 'Create the Compute servers'
        vars:
          worker_nics: "{{ [ item.1 ] | product(nic_list) | map('join','-') | map('regex_replace', '(.*)', 'port-name=\\1') | list }}"
        os_server:
          name: "{{ item.1 }}"
          image: "{{ os_image_rhcos }}"
          flavor: "{{ os_flavor_worker }}"
          auto_ip: no
          userdata: "{{ lookup('file', 'worker.ign') | string }}"
          security_groups: []
          nics:  "{{ [ 'port-name=' + os_port_worker + '-' + item.0|string ] + worker_nics }}"
          config_drive: yes
        with_indexed_items: "{{ worker_list }}"
  4. Insert the following content into a local file that is called additional-ports.yaml:

    additional-ports.yaml
    # Build a list of worker nodes with indexes
    - name: ‘Build worker list’
      set_fact:
        worker_list: "{{ worker_list | default([]) + [ item.1 + '-' + item.0 | string ] }}"
      with_indexed_items: "{{ [ os_compute_server_name ] * os_compute_nodes_number }}"
    
    # Ensure that each network specified in additionalNetworks exists
    - name: ‘Verify additionalNetworks’
      os_networks_info:
        name: "{{ item.id }}"
      with_items: "{{ additionalNetworks }}"
      register: network_info
    
    # Expand additionalNetworks by the count parameter in each network definition
    - name: ‘Build port and port index list for additionalNetworks’
      set_fact:
        port_list: "{{ port_list | default([]) + [ {
                        'net_name' : item.1.id,
                        'uuid' : network_info.results[item.0].openstack_networks[0].id,
                        'type' : item.1.type|default('normal'),
                        'security_groups' : item.1.security_groups|default(omit),
                        'port_security_enabled' : item.1.port_security_enabled|default(omit)
                        } ] * item.1.count|default(1) }}"
        index_list: "{{ index_list | default([]) + range(item.1.count|default(1)) | list }}"
      with_indexed_items: "{{ additionalNetworks }}"
    
    # Calculate and save the name of the port
    # The format of the name is cluster_name-worker-workerID-networkUUID(partial)-count
    # i.e. fdp-nz995-worker-1-99bcd111-1
    - name: ‘Calculate port name’
      set_fact:
        port_name_list: "{{ port_name_list | default([]) + [ item.1 | combine( {'name' : item.1.uuid | regex_search('([^-]+)') + '-' + index_list[item.0]|string } ) ] }}"
      with_indexed_items: "{{ port_list }}"
      when: port_list is defined
  5. On a command line, run the compute-nodes.yaml playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook -i inventory.yaml compute-nodes.yaml

Approving the certificate signing requests for your machines

When you add machines to a cluster, two pending certificate signing requests (CSRs) are generated for each machine that you added. You must confirm that these CSRs are approved or, if necessary, approve them yourself. The client requests must be approved first, followed by the server requests.

Prerequisites
  • You added machines to your cluster.

Procedure
  1. Confirm that the cluster recognizes the machines:

    $ oc get nodes
    Example output
    NAME      STATUS    ROLES   AGE  VERSION
    master-0  Ready     master  63m  v1.20.0
    master-1  Ready     master  63m  v1.20.0
    master-2  Ready     master  64m  v1.20.0
    worker-0  NotReady  worker  76s  v1.20.0
    worker-1  NotReady  worker  70s  v1.20.0

    The output lists all of the machines that you created.

    The preceding output might not include the compute nodes, also known as worker nodes, until some CSRs are approved.

  2. Review the pending CSRs and ensure that you see the client requests with the Pending or Approved status for each machine that you added to the cluster:

    $ oc get csr
    Example output
    NAME        AGE     REQUESTOR                                                                   CONDITION
    csr-8b2br   15m     system:serviceaccount:openshift-machine-config-operator:node-bootstrapper   Pending
    csr-8vnps   15m     system:serviceaccount:openshift-machine-config-operator:node-bootstrapper   Pending
    ...

    In this example, two machines are joining the cluster. You might see more approved CSRs in the list.

  3. If the CSRs were not approved, after all of the pending CSRs for the machines you added are in Pending status, approve the CSRs for your cluster machines:

    Because the CSRs rotate automatically, approve your CSRs within an hour of adding the machines to the cluster. If you do not approve them within an hour, the certificates will rotate, and more than two certificates will be present for each node. You must approve all of these certificates. After you approve the initial CSRs, the subsequent node client CSRs are automatically approved by the cluster kube-controller-manager.

    For clusters running on platforms that are not machine API enabled, such as bare metal and other user-provisioned infrastructure, you must implement a method of automatically approving the kubelet serving certificate requests (CSRs). If a request is not approved, then the oc exec, oc rsh, and oc logs commands cannot succeed, because a serving certificate is required when the API server connects to the kubelet. Any operation that contacts the Kubelet endpoint requires this certificate approval to be in place. The method must watch for new CSRs, confirm that the CSR was submitted by the node-bootstrapper service account in the system:node or system:admin groups, and confirm the identity of the node.

    • To approve them individually, run the following command for each valid CSR:

      $ oc adm certificate approve <csr_name> (1)
      1 <csr_name> is the name of a CSR from the list of current CSRs.
    • To approve all pending CSRs, run the following command:

      $ oc get csr -o go-template='{{range .items}}{{if not .status}}{{.metadata.name}}{{"\n"}}{{end}}{{end}}' | xargs --no-run-if-empty oc adm certificate approve

      Some Operators might not become available until some CSRs are approved.

  4. Now that your client requests are approved, you must review the server requests for each machine that you added to the cluster:

    $ oc get csr
    Example output
    NAME        AGE     REQUESTOR                                                                   CONDITION
    csr-bfd72   5m26s   system:node:ip-10-0-50-126.us-east-2.compute.internal                       Pending
    csr-c57lv   5m26s   system:node:ip-10-0-95-157.us-east-2.compute.internal                       Pending
    ...
  5. If the remaining CSRs are not approved, and are in the Pending status, approve the CSRs for your cluster machines:

    • To approve them individually, run the following command for each valid CSR:

      $ oc adm certificate approve <csr_name> (1)
      1 <csr_name> is the name of a CSR from the list of current CSRs.
    • To approve all pending CSRs, run the following command:

      $ oc get csr -o go-template='{{range .items}}{{if not .status}}{{.metadata.name}}{{"\n"}}{{end}}{{end}}' | xargs oc adm certificate approve
  6. After all client and server CSRs have been approved, the machines have the Ready status. Verify this by running the following command:

    $ oc get nodes
    Example output
    NAME      STATUS    ROLES   AGE  VERSION
    master-0  Ready     master  73m  v1.20.0
    master-1  Ready     master  73m  v1.20.0
    master-2  Ready     master  74m  v1.20.0
    worker-0  Ready     worker  11m  v1.20.0
    worker-1  Ready     worker  11m  v1.20.0

    It can take a few minutes after approval of the server CSRs for the machines to transition to the Ready status.

Additional information

Verifying a successful installation

Verify that the OpenShift Container Platform installation is complete.

Prerequisites
  • You have the installation program (openshift-install)

Procedure
  • On a command line, enter:

    $ openshift-install --log-level debug wait-for install-complete

The program outputs the console URL, as well as the administrator’s login information.

The cluster is operational. Before you can configure it for SR-IOV networks though, you must perform additional tasks.

Preparing a cluster that runs on RHOSP for SR-IOV

Before you use single root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV) on a cluster that runs on Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP), make the RHOSP metadata service mountable as a drive and enable the No-IOMMU Operator for the virtual function I/O (VFIO) driver.

Enabling the RHOSP metadata service as a mountable drive

You can apply a machine config to your machine pool that makes the Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) metadata service available as a mountable drive.

The following machine config enables the display of RHOSP network UUIDs from within the SR-IOV Network Operator. This configuration simplifies the association of SR-IOV resources to cluster SR-IOV resources.

Procedure
  1. Create a machine config file from the following template:

    A mountable metadata service machine config file
    kind: MachineConfig
    apiVersion: machineconfiguration.openshift.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: 20-mount-config (1)
      labels:
        machineconfiguration.openshift.io/role: worker
    spec:
      osImageURL: ''
      config:
        ignition:
          version: 2.2.0
        systemd:
          units:
            - name: create-mountpoint-var-config.service
              enabled: true
              contents: |
                [Unit]
                Description=Create mountpoint /var/config
                Before=kubelet.service
    
                [Service]
                ExecStart=/bin/mkdir -p /var/config
    
                [Install]
                WantedBy=var-config.mount
    
            - name: var-config.mount
              enabled: true
              contents: |
                [Unit]
                Before=local-fs.target
                [Mount]
                Where=/var/config
                What=/dev/disk/by-label/config-2
                [Install]
                WantedBy=local-fs.target
    1 You can substitute a name of your choice.
  2. From a command line, apply the machine config:

    $ oc apply -f <machine_config_file_name>.yaml

Enabling the No-IOMMU feature for the RHOSP VFIO driver

You can apply a machine config to your machine pool that enables the No-IOMMU feature for the Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP) virtual function I/O (VFIO) driver. The RHOSP vfio-pci driver requires this feature.

Procedure
  1. Create a machine config file from the following template:

    A No-IOMMU VFIO machine config file
    kind: MachineConfig
    apiVersion: machineconfiguration.openshift.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: 99-vfio-noiommu (1)
      labels:
        machineconfiguration.openshift.io/role: worker
    spec:
      osImageURL: ''
      config:
        ignition:
          version: 2.2.0
        storage:
          files:
          - filesystem: root
            path: "/etc/modprobe.d/vfio-noiommu.conf"
            contents:
              source: data:text/plain;charset=utf-8;base64,b3B0aW9ucyB2ZmlvIGVuYWJsZV91bnNhZmVfbm9pb21tdV9tb2RlPTEK
              verification: {}
            mode: 0644
    1 You can substitute a name of your choice.
  2. From a command line, apply the machine config:

    $ oc apply -f <machine_config_file_name>.yaml

After you apply the machine config to the machine pool, you can watch the machine config pool status to see when the machines are available.

The cluster is installed and prepared for SR-IOV configuration. You must now perform the SR-IOV configuration tasks in "Next steps".

Additional resources

Next steps