You are viewing documentation for a release that is no longer supported. The latest supported version of version 3 is [3.11]. For the most recent version 4, see [4]
You are viewing documentation for a release that is no longer supported. The latest supported version of version 3 is [3.11]. For the most recent version 4, see [4]

The following sections provide an overview and instructions for using image tags in the context of container images for working with OpenShift Container Platform image streams and their tags.

Image tags

An image tag is a label applied to a container image in a repository that distinguishes a specific image from other images in an image stream. Typically, the tag represents a version number of some sort. For example, here :v3.11.59-2 is the tag:

registry.access.redhat.com/openshift3/jenkins-2-rhel7:v3.11.59-2

You can add additional tags to an image. For example, an image might be assigned the tags :v3.11.59-2 and :latest.

OpenShift Container Platform provides the oc tag command, which is similar to the docker tag command, but operates on image streams instead of directly on images.

Image tag conventions

Images evolve over time and their tags reflect this. Generally, an image tag always points to the latest image built.

If there is too much information embedded in a tag name, like v2.0.1-may-2019, the tag points to just one revision of an image and is never updated. Using default image pruning options, such an image is never removed. In very large clusters, the schema of creating new tags for every revised image could eventually fill up the etcd datastore with excess tag metadata for images that are long outdated.

If the tag is named v2.0, image revisions are more likely. This results in longer tag history and, therefore, the image pruner is more likely to remove old and unused images.

Although tag naming convention is up to you, here are a few examples in the format <image_name>:<image_tag>:

Table 1. Image tag naming conventions
Description Example

Revision

myimage:v2.0.1

Architecture

myimage:v2.0-x86_64

Base image

myimage:v1.2-centos7

Latest (potentially unstable)

myimage:latest

Latest stable

myimage:stable

If you require dates in tag names, periodically inspect old and unsupported images and istags and remove them. Otherwise, you can experience increasing resource usage caused by retaining old images.

Adding tags to image streams

An image stream in OpenShift Container Platform comprises zero or more container images identified by tags.

There are different types of tags available. The default behavior uses a permanent tag, which points to a specific image in time. If the permanent tag is in use and the source changes, the tag does not change for the destination.

A tracking tag means the destination tag’s metadata is updated during the import of the source tag.

Procedure
  • You can add tags to an image stream using the oc tag command:

    $ oc tag <source> <destination>

    For example, to configure the ruby image stream static-2.0 tag to always refer to the current image for the ruby image stream 2.0 tag:

    $ oc tag ruby:2.0 ruby:static-2.0

    This creates a new image stream tag named static-2.0 in the ruby image stream. The new tag directly references the image id that the ruby:2.0 image stream tag pointed to at the time oc tag was run, and the image it points to never changes.

  • To ensure the destination tag is updated when the source tag changes, use the --alias=true flag:

    $ oc tag --alias=true <source> <destination>

Use a tracking tag for creating permanent aliases, for example, latest or stable. The tag only works correctly within a single image stream. Trying to create a cross-image stream alias produces an error.

  • You can also add the --scheduled=true flag to have the destination tag be refreshed, or re-imported, periodically. The period is configured globally at the system level.

  • The --reference flag creates an image stream tag that is not imported. The tag points to the source location, permanently.

    If you want to instruct OpenShift Container Platform to always fetch the tagged image from the integrated registry, use --reference-policy=local. The registry uses the pull-through feature to serve the image to the client. By default, the image blobs are mirrored locally by the registry. As a result, they can be pulled more quickly the next time they are needed. The flag also allows for pulling from insecure registries without a need to supply --insecure-registry to the container runtime as long as the image stream has an insecure annotation or the tag has an insecure import policy.

Removing tags from image streams

You can remove tags from an image stream.

Procedure
  • To remove a tag completely from an image stream run:

    $ oc delete istag/ruby:latest

    or:

    $ oc tag -d ruby:latest

Referencing images in imagestreams

You can use tags to reference images in image streams using the following reference types.

Table 2. Imagestream reference types
Reference type Description

ImageStreamTag

An ImageStreamTag is used to reference or retrieve an image for a given image stream and tag.

ImageStreamImage

An ImageStreamImage is used to reference or retrieve an image for a given image stream and image sha ID.

DockerImage

A DockerImage is used to reference or retrieve an image for a given external registry. It uses standard Docker pull specification for its name.

When viewing example image stream definitions you may notice they contain definitions of ImageStreamTag and references to DockerImage, but nothing related to ImageStreamImage.

This is because the ImageStreamImage objects are automatically created in OpenShift Container Platform when you import or tag an image into the image stream. You should never have to explicitly define an ImageStreamImage object in any image stream definition that you use to create image streams.

Procedure
  • To reference an image for a given image stream and tag, use ImageStreamTag:

    <image_stream_name>:<tag>
  • To reference an image for a given image stream and image sha ID, use ImageStreamImage:

    <image_stream_name>@<id>

    The <id> is an immutable identifier for a specific image, also called a digest.

  • To reference or retrieve an image for a given external registry, use DockerImage:

    openshift/ruby-20-centos7:2.0

    When no tag is specified, it is assumed the latest tag is used.

    You can also reference a third-party registry:

    registry.redhat.io/rhel7:latest

    Or an image with a digest:

    centos/ruby-22-centos7@sha256:3a335d7d8a452970c5b4054ad7118ff134b3a6b50a2bb6d0c07c746e8986b28e