The Open Virtual Networking (OVN) Kubernetes network plug-in is a Technology Preview feature only. Technology Preview features are not supported with Red Hat production service level agreements (SLAs) and might not be functionally complete. Red Hat does not recommend using them in production. These features provide early access to upcoming product features, enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback during the development process.

For more information about the support scope of the OVN Technology Preview, see https://access.redhat.com/articles/4380121.

In OpenShift Container Platform 4.5, a bug prevents Pods in the same namespace, but assigned to different nodes, from communicating over multicast. For more information, see BZ#1843695.

About multicast

With IP multicast, data is broadcast to many IP addresses simultaneously.

At this time, multicast is best used for low-bandwidth coordination or service discovery and not a high-bandwidth solution.

Multicast traffic between OpenShift Container Platform Pods is disabled by default. If you are using the OVN-Kubernetes default Container Network Interface (CNI) network provider, you can enable multicast on a per-project basis.

Enabling multicast between Pods

You can enable multicast between Pods for your project.

Prerequisites
  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • You must log in to the cluster with a user that has the cluster-admin role.

Procedure
  • Run the following command to enable multicast for a project. Replace <namespace> with the namespace for the project you want to enable multicast for.

    $ oc annotate namespace <namespace> \
        k8s.ovn.org/multicast-enabled=true
Verification steps

To verify that multicast is enabled for a project, complete the following procedure:

  1. Change your current project to the project that you enabled multicast for. Replace <project> with the project name.

    $ oc project <project>
  2. Create a Pod to act as a multicast receiver:

    $ cat <<EOF| oc create -f -
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Pod
    metadata:
      name: mlistener
      labels:
        app: multicast-verify
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: mlistener
          image: registry.access.redhat.com/ubi8
          command: ["/bin/sh", "-c"]
          args:
            ["dnf -y install socat hostname && sleep inf"]
          ports:
            - containerPort: 30102
              name: mlistener
              protocol: UDP
    EOF
  3. Create a Pod to act as a multicast sender:

    $ cat <<EOF| oc create -f -
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Pod
    metadata:
      name: msender
      labels:
        app: multicast-verify
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: msender
          image: registry.access.redhat.com/ubi8
          command: ["/bin/sh", "-c"]
          args:
            ["dnf -y install socat && sleep inf"]
    EOF
  4. Start the multicast listener.

    1. Get the IP address for the Pod:

      $ POD_IP=$(oc get pods mlistener -o jsonpath='{.status.podIP}')
    2. To start the multicast listener, in a new terminal window or tab, enter the following command:

      $ oc exec mlistener -i -t -- \
          socat UDP4-RECVFROM:30102,ip-add-membership=224.1.0.1:$POD_IP,fork EXEC:hostname
  5. Start the multicast transmitter.

    1. Get the Pod network IP address range:

      $ CIDR=$(oc get Network.config.openshift.io cluster \
          -o jsonpath='{.status.clusterNetwork[0].cidr}')
    2. To send a multicast message, enter the following command:

      $ oc exec msender -i -t -- \
          /bin/bash -c "echo | socat STDIO UDP4-DATAGRAM:224.1.0.1:30102,range=$CIDR,ip-multicast-ttl=64"

      If multicast is working, the previous command returns the following output:

      mlistener