You are viewing documentation for a release that is no longer supported. The latest supported version of version 3 is [3.11]. For the most recent version 4, see [4]
You are viewing documentation for a release that is no longer supported. The latest supported version of version 3 is [3.11]. For the most recent version 4, see [4]

As a user with the admin role, you can create a network policy for a namespace.

Creating a network policy

To define granular rules describing ingress or egress network traffic allowed for namespaces in your cluster, you can create a network policy.

If you log in with a user with the cluster-admin role, then you can create a network policy in any namespace in the cluster.

Prerequisites
  • Your cluster uses a cluster network provider that supports NetworkPolicy objects, such as the OpenShift SDN network provider with mode: NetworkPolicy set. This mode is the default for OpenShift SDN.

  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • You are logged in to the cluster with a user with admin privileges.

  • You are working in the namespace that the network policy applies to.

Procedure
  1. Create a policy rule:

    1. Create a <policy_name>.yaml file:

      $ touch <policy_name>.yaml

      where:

      <policy_name>

      Specifies the network policy file name.

    2. Define a network policy in the file that you just created, such as in the following examples:

      Deny ingress from all pods in all namespaces
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      metadata:
        name: deny-by-default
      spec:
        podSelector:
        ingress: []
      Allow ingress from all pods in the same namespace
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      metadata:
        name: allow-same-namespace
      spec:
        podSelector:
        ingress:
        - from:
          - podSelector: {}
  2. To create the network policy object, enter the following command:

    $ oc apply -f <policy_name>.yaml -n <namespace>

    where:

    <policy_name>

    Specifies the network policy file name.

    <namespace>

    Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.

    Example output
    networkpolicy "default-deny" created

Example NetworkPolicy object

The following annotates an example NetworkPolicy object:

kind: NetworkPolicy
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: allow-27107 (1)
spec:
  podSelector: (2)
    matchLabels:
      app: mongodb
  ingress:
  - from:
    - podSelector: (3)
        matchLabels:
          app: app
    ports: (4)
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 27017
1 The name of the NetworkPolicy object.
2 A selector describing the pods the policy applies to. The policy object can only select pods in the project that the NetworkPolicy object is defined.
3 A selector matching the pods that the policy object allows ingress traffic from. The selector will match pods in any project.
4 A list of one or more destination ports to accept traffic on.