You can install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator on your OpenShift Container Platform 4.5 target cluster and 4.2 source cluster. The Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator installs the Migration Toolkit for Containers (MTC) on the target cluster by default.

Optional: You can configure the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator to install the MTC on an OpenShift Container Platform 3 cluster or on a remote cluster.

In a restricted environment, you can install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator from a local mirror registry.

After you have installed the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator on your clusters, you can launch the MTC web console.

Installing the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator

You can install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator with the Operator Lifecycle Manager on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.5 target cluster and on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.1 source cluster.

Installing the Migration Toolkit for Containers on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.5 target cluster

You can install the Migration Toolkit for Containers (MTC) on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.5 target cluster by using Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM) to install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

MTC is installed on the target cluster by default.

Procedure
  1. In the OpenShift Container Platform web console, click OperatorsOperatorHub.

  2. Use the Filter by keyword field to find the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  3. Select the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator and click Install.

  4. In the Subscription tab, change the Approval option to Automatic.

  5. Click Install.

    On the Installed Operators page, the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator appears in the openshift-migration project with the status Succeeded.

  6. Click Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  7. Under Provided APIs, locate the Migration Controller tile, and click Create Instance.

  8. Click Create.

  9. Click WorkloadsPods to verify that the MTC pods are running.

Installing the Migration Toolkit for Containers on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.2 source cluster

You can install the Migration Toolkit for Containers (MTC) on an OpenShift Container Platform 4 source cluster by using Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM) to install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

Procedure
  1. In the OpenShift Container Platform web console, click OperatorsOperatorHub.

  2. Use the Filter by keyword field to find the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  3. Select the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator and click Install.

  4. In the Subscription tab, change the Approval option to Automatic.

  5. Click Install.

    On the Installed Operators page, the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator appears in the openshift-migration project with the status Succeeded.

  6. Click Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  7. Under Provided APIs, locate the Migration Controller tile, and click Create Instance.

  8. Update the migration_controller and migration_ui parameters in the manifest:

    spec:
    ...
      migration_controller: false
      migration_ui: false
  9. Click Create.

  10. Click WorkloadsPods to verify that the MTC pods are running.

Installing the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator in a restricted environment

You can build a custom Operator catalog image for OpenShift Container Platform 4, push it to a local mirror image registry, and configure the Operator Lifecycle Manager to install the Operator from the local registry.

Building an Operator catalog image

Cluster administrators can build a custom Operator catalog image based on the Package Manifest Format to be used by Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM). The catalog image can be pushed to a container image registry that supports Docker v2-2. For a cluster on a restricted network, this registry can be a registry that the cluster has network access to, such as a mirror registry created during a restricted network cluster installation.

The internal registry of the OpenShift Container Platform cluster cannot be used as the target registry because it does not support pushing without a tag, which is required during the mirroring process.

For this example, the procedure assumes use of a mirror registry that has access to both your network and the Internet.

Only the Linux version of the oc client can be used for this procedure, because the Windows and macOS versions do not provide the oc adm catalog build command.

Prerequisites
  • Workstation with unrestricted network access

  • oc version 4.3.5+ Linux client

  • podman version 1.4.4+

  • Access to mirror registry that supports Docker v2-2

  • If you are working with private registries, set the REG_CREDS environment variable to the file path of your registry credentials for use in later steps. For example, for the podman CLI:

    $ REG_CREDS=${XDG_RUNTIME_DIR}/containers/auth.json
  • If you are working with private namespaces that your quay.io account has access to, you must set a Quay authentication token. Set the AUTH_TOKEN environment variable for use with the --auth-token flag by making a request against the login API using your quay.io credentials:

    $ AUTH_TOKEN=$(curl -sH "Content-Type: application/json" \
        -XPOST https://quay.io/cnr/api/v1/users/login -d '
        {
            "user": {
                "username": "'"<quay_username>"'",
                "password": "'"<quay_password>"'"
            }
        }' | jq -r '.token')
Procedure
  1. On the workstation with unrestricted network access, authenticate with the target mirror registry:

    $ podman login <registry_host_name>

    Also authenticate with registry.redhat.io so that the base image can be pulled during the build:

    $ podman login registry.redhat.io
  2. Build a catalog image based on the redhat-operators catalog from Quay.io, tagging and pushing it to your mirror registry:

    $ oc adm catalog build \
        --appregistry-org redhat-operators \(1)
        --from=registry.redhat.io/openshift4/ose-operator-registry:v4.5 \(2)
        --filter-by-os="linux/amd64" \(3)
        --to=<registry_host_name>:<port>/olm/redhat-operators:v1 \(4)
        [-a ${REG_CREDS}] \(5)
        [--insecure] \(6)
        [--auth-token "${AUTH_TOKEN}"] (7)
    1 Organization (namespace) to pull from an App Registry instance.
    2 Set --from to the ose-operator-registry base image using the tag that matches the target OpenShift Container Platform cluster major and minor version.
    3 Set --filter-by-os to the operating system and architecture to use for the base image, which must match the target OpenShift Container Platform cluster. Valid values are linux/amd64, linux/ppc64le, and linux/s390x.
    4 Name your catalog image and include a tag, for example, v1.
    5 Optional: If required, specify the location of your registry credentials file.
    6 Optional: If you do not want to configure trust for the target registry, add the --insecure flag.
    7 Optional: If other application registry catalogs are used that are not public, specify a Quay authentication token.
    Example output
    INFO[0013] loading Bundles                               dir=/var/folders/st/9cskxqs53ll3wdn434vw4cd80000gn/T/300666084/manifests-829192605
    ...
    Pushed sha256:f73d42950021f9240389f99ddc5b0c7f1b533c054ba344654ff1edaf6bf827e3 to example_registry:5000/olm/redhat-operators:v1

    Sometimes invalid manifests are accidentally introduced catalogs provided by Red Hat; when this happens, you might see some errors:

    Example output with errors
    ...
    INFO[0014] directory                                     dir=/var/folders/st/9cskxqs53ll3wdn434vw4cd80000gn/T/300666084/manifests-829192605 file=4.2 load=package
    W1114 19:42:37.876180   34665 builder.go:141] error building database: error loading package into db: fuse-camel-k-operator.v7.5.0 specifies replacement that couldn't be found
    Uploading ... 244.9kB/s

    These errors are usually non-fatal, and if the Operator package mentioned does not contain an Operator you plan to install or a dependency of one, then they can be ignored.

Configuring OperatorHub for restricted networks

Cluster administrators can configure OLM and OperatorHub to use local content in a restricted network environment using a custom Operator catalog image. For this example, the procedure uses a custom redhat-operators catalog image previously built and pushed to a supported registry.

Prerequisites
  • Workstation with unrestricted network access

  • A custom Operator catalog image pushed to a supported registry

  • oc version 4.3.5+

  • podman version 1.4.4+

  • Access to mirror registry that supports Docker v2-2

  • If you are working with private registries, set the REG_CREDS environment variable to the file path of your registry credentials for use in later steps. For example, for the podman CLI:

    $ REG_CREDS=${XDG_RUNTIME_DIR}/containers/auth.json
Procedure
  1. The oc adm catalog mirror command extracts the contents of your custom Operator catalog image to generate the manifests required for mirroring. You can choose to either:

    • Allow the default behavior of the command to automatically mirror all of the image content to your mirror registry after generating manifests, or

    • Add the --manifests-only flag to only generate the manifests required for mirroring, but do not actually mirror the image content to a registry yet. This can be useful for reviewing what will be mirrored, and it allows you to make any changes to the mapping list if you only require a subset of the content. You can then use that file with the oc image mirror command to mirror the modified list of images in a later step.

    On your workstation with unrestricted network access, run the following command:

    $ oc adm catalog mirror \
        <registry_host_name>:<port>/olm/redhat-operators:v1 \(1)
        <registry_host_name>:<port> \
        [-a ${REG_CREDS}] \(2)
        [--insecure] \(3)
        --filter-by-os='.*' \(4)
        [--manifests-only] (5)
    1 Specify your Operator catalog image.
    2 Optional: If required, specify the location of your registry credentials file.
    3 Optional: If you do not want to configure trust for the target registry, add the --insecure flag.
    4 This flag is currently required due to a known issue with multiple architecture support.
    5 Optional: Only generate the manifests required for mirroring and do not actually mirror the image content to a registry.

    If the --filter-by-os flag remains unset or set to any value other than .*, filtering out different architectures changes the digest of the manifest list, also known as a "multi-arch image", which causes deployments of those images and Operators on disconnected clusters to fail. For more information, see BZ#1890951.

    Example output
    using database path mapping: /:/tmp/190214037
    wrote database to /tmp/190214037
    using database at: /tmp/190214037/bundles.db (1)
    ...
    1 Temporary database generated by the command.

    After running the command, a <image_name>-manifests/ directory is created in the current directory and generates the following files:

    • The imageContentSourcePolicy.yaml file defines an ImageContentSourcePolicy object that can configure nodes to translate between the image references stored in Operator manifests and the mirrored registry.

    • The mapping.txt file contains all of the source images and where to map them in the target registry. This file is compatible with the oc image mirror command and can be used to further customize the mirroring configuration.

  2. If you used the --manifests-only flag in the previous step and want to mirror only a subset of the content:

    1. Modify the list of images in your mapping.txt file to your specifications. If you are unsure of the exact names and versions of the subset of images you want to mirror, use the following steps to find them:

      1. Run the sqlite3 tool against the temporary database that was generated by the oc adm catalog mirror command to retrieve a list of images matching a general search query. The output helps inform how you will later edit your mapping.txt file.

        For example, to retrieve a list of images that are similar to the string clusterlogging.4.3:

        $ echo "select * from related_image \
            where operatorbundle_name like 'clusterlogging.4.3%';" \
            | sqlite3 -line /tmp/190214037/bundles.db (1)
        1 Refer to the previous output of the oc adm catalog mirror command to find the path of the database file.
        Example output
        image = registry.redhat.io/openshift4/ose-logging-kibana5@sha256:aa4a8b2a00836d0e28aa6497ad90a3c116f135f382d8211e3c55f34fb36dfe61
        operatorbundle_name = clusterlogging.4.3.33-202008111029.p0
        
        image = registry.redhat.io/openshift4/ose-oauth-proxy@sha256:6b4db07f6e6c962fc96473d86c44532c93b146bbefe311d0c348117bf759c506
        operatorbundle_name = clusterlogging.4.3.33-202008111029.p0
        ...
      2. Use the results from the previous step to edit the mapping.txt file to only include the subset of images you want to mirror.

        For example, you can use the image values from the previous example output to find that the following matching lines exist in your mapping.txt file:

        Matching image mappings in mapping.txt
        registry.redhat.io/openshift4/ose-logging-kibana5@sha256:aa4a8b2a00836d0e28aa6497ad90a3c116f135f382d8211e3c55f34fb36dfe61=<registry_host_name>:<port>/openshift4-ose-logging-kibana5:a767c8f0
        registry.redhat.io/openshift4/ose-oauth-proxy@sha256:6b4db07f6e6c962fc96473d86c44532c93b146bbefe311d0c348117bf759c506=<registry_host_name>:<port>/openshift4-ose-oauth-proxy:3754ea2b

        In this example, if you only want to mirror these images, you would then remove all other entries in the mapping.txt file and leave only the above two lines.

    2. Still on your workstation with unrestricted network access, use your modified mapping.txt file to mirror the images to your registry using the oc image mirror command:

      $ oc image mirror \
          [-a ${REG_CREDS}] \
          -f ./redhat-operators-manifests/mapping.txt
  3. Apply the ImageContentSourcePolicy object:

    $ oc apply -f ./redhat-operators-manifests/imageContentSourcePolicy.yaml
  4. Create a CatalogSource object that references your catalog image.

    1. Modify the following to your specifications and save it as a catalogsource.yaml file:

      apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1alpha1
      kind: CatalogSource
      metadata:
        name: my-operator-catalog
        namespace: openshift-marketplace
      spec:
        sourceType: grpc
        image: <registry_host_name>:<port>/olm/redhat-operators:v1 (1)
        displayName: My Operator Catalog
        publisher: grpc
      1 Specify your custom Operator catalog image.
    2. Use the file to create the CatalogSource object:

      $ oc create -f catalogsource.yaml
  5. Verify the following resources are created successfully.

    1. Check the pods:

      $ oc get pods -n openshift-marketplace
      Example output
      NAME                                    READY   STATUS    RESTARTS  AGE
      my-operator-catalog-6njx6               1/1     Running   0         28s
      marketplace-operator-d9f549946-96sgr    1/1     Running   0         26h
    2. Check the catalog source:

      $ oc get catalogsource -n openshift-marketplace
      Example output
      NAME                  DISPLAY               TYPE PUBLISHER  AGE
      my-operator-catalog   My Operator Catalog   grpc            5s
    3. Check the package manifest:

      $ oc get packagemanifest -n openshift-marketplace
      Example output
      NAME    CATALOG              AGE
      etcd    My Operator Catalog  34s

You can now install the Operators from the OperatorHub page on your restricted network OpenShift Container Platform cluster web console.

Installing the Migration Toolkit for Containers on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.5 target cluster in a restricted environment

You can install the Migration Toolkit for Containers (MTC) on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.5 target cluster by using Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM) to install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

MTC is installed on the target cluster by default.

Prerequisites
  • You have created a custom Operator catalog and pushed it to a mirror registry.

  • You have configured OLM to install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator from the mirror registry.

Procedure
  1. In the OpenShift Container Platform web console, click OperatorsOperatorHub.

  2. Use the Filter by keyword field to find the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  3. Select the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator and click Install.

  4. Click Install.

    On the Installed Operators page, the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator appears in the openshift-migration project with the status Succeeded.

  5. Click Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  6. Under Provided APIs, locate the Migration Controller tile, and click Create Instance.

  7. Click Create.

  8. Click WorkloadsPods to verify that the MTC pods are running.

Installing the Migration Toolkit for Containers on an OpenShift Container Platform 4.2 source cluster in a restricted environment

You can install the Migration Toolkit for Containers (MTC) on an OpenShift Container Platform 4 source cluster by using Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM) to install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

Prerequisites
  • You have created a custom Operator catalog and pushed it to a mirror registry.

  • You have configured OLM to install the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator from the mirror registry.

Procedure
  1. In the OpenShift Container Platform web console, click OperatorsOperatorHub.

  2. Use the Filter by keyword field to find the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  3. Select the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator and click Install.

  4. Click Install.

    On the Installed Operators page, the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator appears in the openshift-migration project with the status Succeeded.

  5. Click Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator.

  6. Under Provided APIs, locate the Migration Controller tile, and click Create Instance.

  7. Click Create.

  8. Click WorkloadsPods to verify that the MTC pods are running.

Launching the MTC web console

You can launch the Migration Toolkit for Containers (MTC) web console in a browser.

Procedure
  1. Log in to the OpenShift Container Platform cluster on which you have installed MTC.

  2. Obtain the MTC web console URL by entering the following command:

    $ oc get -n openshift-migration route/migration -o go-template='https://{{ .spec.host }}'

    The output resembles the following: https://migration-openshift-migration.apps.cluster.openshift.com.

  3. Launch a browser and navigate to the MTC web console.

    If you try to access the MTC web console immediately after installing the Migration Toolkit for Containers Operator, the console might not load because the Operator is still configuring the cluster. Wait a few minutes and retry.

  4. If you are using self-signed CA certificates, you will be prompted to accept the CA certificate of the source cluster API server. The web page guides you through the process of accepting the remaining certificates.

  5. Log in with your OpenShift Container Platform username and password.