You can configure an Ethernet network attachment for an Single Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV) device in the cluster.

Ethernet device configuration object

You can configure an Ethernet network device by defining an SriovNetwork object.

The following YAML describes an SriovNetwork object:

apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
kind: SriovNetwork
metadata:
  name: <name> (1)
  namespace: openshift-sriov-network-operator (2)
spec:
  resourceName: <sriov_resource_name> (3)
  networkNamespace: <target_namespace> (4)
  vlan: <vlan> (5)
  spoofChk: "<spoof_check>" (6)
  ipam: |- (7)
    {}
  linkState: <link_state> (8)
  maxTxRate: <max_tx_rate> (9)
  minTxRate: <min_rx_rate> (10)
  vlanQoS: <vlan_qos> (11)
  trust: "<trust_vf>" (12)
  capabilities: <capabilities> (13)
1 A name for the CR. The SR-IOV Network Operator creates a NetworkAttachmentDefinition CR with same name.
2 The namespace where the SR-IOV Operator is installed.
3 The value for the spec.resourceName parameter from the SriovNetworkNodePolicy CR that defines the SR-IOV hardware for this additional network.
4 The target namespace for the SriovNetwork. Only Pods in the target namespace can attach to the SriovNetwork.
5 Optional: A Virtual LAN (VLAN) ID for the additional network. The integer value must be from 0 to 4095. The default value is 0.
6 Optional: The spoof check mode of the VF. The allowed values are the strings "on" and "off".

You must enclose the value you specify in quotes or the CR is rejected by the SR-IOV Network Operator.

7 A configuration object for the IPAM CNI plug-in as a YAML block scalar. The plug-in manages IP address assignment for the attachment definition.
8 Optional: The link state of virtual function (VF). Allowed value are enable, disable and auto.
9 Optional: A maximum transmission rate, in Mbps, for the VF.
10 Optional: A minimum transmission rate, in Mbps, for the VF. This value must be less than or equal to the maximum transmission rate.

Intel NICs do not support the minTxRate parameter. For more information, see BZ#1772847.

11 Optional: An IEEE 802.1p priority level for the VF. The default value is 0.
12 Optional: The trust mode of the VF. The allowed values are the strings "on" and "off".

You must enclose the value that you specify in quotes, or the SR-IOV Network Operator rejects the CR.

13 Optional: The capabilities to configure for this network. You can specify "{ "ips": true }" to enable IP address support or "{ "mac": true }" to enable MAC address support.

Configuration for ipam CNI plug-in

The ipam Container Network Interface (CNI) plug-in provides IP address management (IPAM) for other CNI plug-ins. You can configure ipam for either static IP address assignment or dynamic IP address assignment by using DHCP. The DHCP server you specify must be reachable from the additional network.

The following JSON configuration object describes the parameters that you can set.

Static IP address assignment configuration

The following JSON describes the configuration for static IP address assignment:

Static assignment configuration
{
  "ipam": {
    "type": "static",
    "addresses": [ (1)
      {
        "address": "<address>", (2)
        "gateway": "<gateway>" (3)
      }
    ],
    "routes": [ (4)
      {
        "dst": "<dst>", (5)
        "gw": "<gw>" (6)
      }
    ],
    "dns": { (7)
      "nameservers": ["<nameserver>"], (8)
      "domain": "<domain>", (9)
      "search": ["<search_domain>"] (10)
    }
  }
}
1 An array describing IP addresses to assign to the virtual interface. Both IPv4 and IPv6 IP addresses are supported.
2 An IP address that you specify.
3 The default gateway to route egress network traffic to.
4 An array describing routes to configure inside the Pod.
5 The IP address range in CIDR format.
6 The gateway where network traffic is routed.
7 Optional: DNS configuration.
8 An of array of one or more IP addresses for to send DNS queries to.
9 The default domain to append to a host name. For example, if the domain is set to example.com, a DNS lookup query for example-host is rewritten as example-host.example.com.
10 An array of domain names to append to an unqualified host name, such as example-host, during a DNS lookup query.

Dynamic IP address assignment configuration

The following JSON describes the configuration for dynamic IP address address assignment with DHCP.

Renewal of DHCP leases

A Pod obtains its original DHCP lease when it is created. The lease must be periodically renewed by a minimal DHCP server deployment running on the cluster.

The SR-IOV Network Operator does not create a DHCP server deployment; The Cluster Network Operator is responsible for creating the minimal DHCP server deployment.

To trigger the deployment of the DHCP server, you must create a shim network attachment by editing the Cluster Network Operator configuration, as in the following example:

Example shim network attachment definition
apiVersion: operator.openshift.io/v1
kind: Network
metadata:
  name: cluster
spec:
  ...
  additionalNetworks:
  - name: dhcp-shim
    namespace: default
    rawCNIConfig: |-
    {
      "name": "dhcp-shim",
      "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
      "type": "bridge",
      "master": "ens5",
      "ipam": {
        "type": "dhcp"
      }
    }
DHCP assignment configuration
{
  "ipam": {
    "type": "dhcp"
  }
}

Static IP address assignment configuration example

You can configure ipam for static IP address assignment:

{
  "ipam": {
    "type": "static",
      "addresses": [
        {
          "address": "191.168.1.7"
        }
      ]
  }
}

Dynamic IP address assignment configuration example using DHCP

You can configure ipam for DHCP:

{
  "ipam": {
    "type": "dhcp"
  }
}

Configuring SR-IOV additional network

You can configure an additional network that uses SR-IOV hardware by creating a SriovNetwork custom resource (CR). When you create a SriovNetwork CR, the SR-IOV Operator automatically creates a NetworkAttachmentDefinition CR.

Do not modify or delete a SriovNetwork object if it is attached to any Pods in the running state.

Prerequisites
  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • Log in as a user with cluster-admin privileges.

Procedure
  1. Create a SriovNetwork CR, and then save the YAML in the <name>.yaml file, where <name> is a name for this additional network. The object specification might resemble the following example:

    apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
    kind: SriovNetwork
    metadata:
      name: attach1
      namespace: openshift-sriov-network-operator
    spec:
      resourceName: net1
      networkNamespace: project2
      ipam: |-
        {
          "ipam": {
            "type": "host-local",
            "subnet": "10.56.217.0/24",
            "rangeStart": "10.56.217.171",
            "rangeEnd": "10.56.217.181",
            "gateway": "10.56.217.1"
          }
        }
  2. To create the CR object, enter the following command:

    $ oc create -f <name>.yaml

    where <name> specifies the name of the additional network.

  3. Optional: To confirm that the NetworkAttachmentDefinition CR that is associated with the SriovNetwork CR that you created in the previous step exists, enter the following command. Replace <namespace> with the networkNamespace you specified in the SriovNetwork CR.

    $ oc get net-attach-def -n <namespace>