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After your functions have been deployed to the cluster, they can access data stored in secrets and config maps. This data can be mounted as volumes, or assigned to environment variables. You can configure this access interactively by using the Knative CLI, or by manually by editing the function configuration YAML file.

To access secrets and config maps, the function must be deployed on the cluster. This functionality is not available to a function running locally.

If a secret or config map value cannot be accessed, the deployment fails with an error message specifying the inaccessible values.

Modifying function access to secrets and config maps interactively

You can manage the secrets and config maps accessed by your function by using the kn func config interactive utility. The available operations include listing, adding, and removing values stored in config maps and secrets as environment variables, as well as listing, adding, and removing volumes. This functionality enables you to manage what data stored on the cluster is accessible by your function.

Prerequisites
  • The OpenShift Serverless Operator and Knative Serving are installed on the cluster.

  • You have installed the Knative (kn) CLI.

  • You have created a function.

Procedure
  1. Run the following command in the function project directory:

    $ kn func config

    Alternatively, you can specify the function project directory using the --path or -p option.

  2. Use the interactive interface to perform the necessary operation. For example, using the utility to list configured volumes produces an output similar to this:

    $ kn func config
    ? What do you want to configure? Volumes
    ? What operation do you want to perform? List
    Configured Volumes mounts:
    - Secret "mysecret" mounted at path: "/workspace/secret"
    - Secret "mysecret2" mounted at path: "/workspace/secret2"

    This scheme shows all operations available in the interactive utility and how to navigate to them:

    kn func config
       ├─> Environment variables
       │               ├─> Add
       │               │    ├─> ConfigMap: Add all key-value pairs from a config map
       │               │    ├─> ConfigMap: Add value from a key in a config map
       │               │    ├─> Secret: Add all key-value pairs from a secret
       │               │    └─> Secret: Add value from a key in a secret
       │               ├─> List: List all configured environment variables
       │               └─> Remove: Remove a configured environment variable
       └─> Volumes
               ├─> Add
               │    ├─> ConfigMap: Mount a config map as a volume
               │    └─> Secret: Mount a secret as a volume
               ├─> List: List all configured volumes
               └─> Remove: Remove a configured volume
  3. Optional. Deploy the function to make the changes take effect:

    $ kn func deploy -p test

Modifying function access to secrets and config maps interactively by using specialized commands

Every time you run the kn func config utility, you need to navigate the entire dialogue to select the operation you need, as shown in the previous section. To save steps, you can directly execute a specific operation by running a more specific form of the kn func config command:

  • To list configured environment variables:

    $ kn func config envs [-p <function-project-path>]
  • To add environment variables to the function configuration:

    $ kn func config envs add [-p <function-project-path>]
  • To remove environment variables from the function configuration:

    $ kn func config envs remove [-p <function-project-path>]
  • To list configured volumes:

    $ kn func config volumes [-p <function-project-path>]
  • To add a volume to the function configuration:

    $ kn func config volumes add [-p <function-project-path>]
  • To remove a volume from the function configuration:

    $ kn func config volumes remove [-p <function-project-path>]

Adding function access to secrets and config maps manually

You can manually add configuration for accessing secrets and config maps to your function. This might be preferable to using the kn func config interactive utility and commands, for example when you have an existing configuration snippet.

Mounting a secret as a volume

You can mount a secret as a volume. Once a secret is mounted, you can access it from the function as a regular file. This enables you to store on the cluster data needed by the function, for example, a list of URIs that need to be accessed by the function.

Prerequisites
  • The OpenShift Serverless Operator and Knative Serving are installed on the cluster.

  • You have installed the Knative (kn) CLI.

  • You have created a function.

Procedure
  1. Open the func.yaml file for your function.

  2. For each secret you want to mount as a volume, add the following YAML to the volumes section:

    name: test
    namespace: ""
    runtime: go
    ...
    volumes:
    - secret: mysecret
      path: /workspace/secret
    • Substitute mysecret with the name of the target secret.

    • Substitute /workspace/secret with the path where you want to mount the secret.

      For example, to mount the addresses secret, use the following YAML:

      name: test
      namespace: ""
      runtime: go
      ...
      volumes:
      - configMap: addresses
        path: /workspace/secret-addresses
  3. Save the configuration.

Mounting a config map as a volume

You can mount a config map as a volume. Once a config map is mounted, you can access it from the function as a regular file. This enables you to store on the cluster data needed by the function, for example, a list of URIs that need to be accessed by the function.

Prerequisites
  • The OpenShift Serverless Operator and Knative Serving are installed on the cluster.

  • You have installed the Knative (kn) CLI.

  • You have created a function.

Procedure
  1. Open the func.yaml file for your function.

  2. For each config map you want to mount as a volume, add the following YAML to the volumes section:

    name: test
    namespace: ""
    runtime: go
    ...
    volumes:
    - configMap: myconfigmap
      path: /workspace/configmap
    • Substitute myconfigmap with the name of the target config map.

    • Substitute /workspace/configmap with the path where you want to mount the config map.

      For example, to mount the addresses config map, use the following YAML:

      name: test
      namespace: ""
      runtime: go
      ...
      volumes:
      - configMap: addresses
        path: /workspace/configmap-addresses
  3. Save the configuration.

Setting environment variable from a key value defined in a secret

You can set an environment variable from a key value defined as a secret. A value previously stored in a secret can then be accessed as an environment variable by the function at runtime. This can be useful for getting access to a value stored in a secret, such as the ID of a user.

Prerequisites
  • The OpenShift Serverless Operator and Knative Serving are installed on the cluster.

  • You have installed the Knative (kn) CLI.

  • You have created a function.

Procedure
  1. Open the func.yaml file for your function.

  2. For each value from a secret key-value pair that you want to assign to an environment variable, add the following YAML to the envs section:

    name: test
    namespace: ""
    runtime: go
    ...
    envs:
    - name: EXAMPLE
      value: '{{ secret:mysecret:key }}'
    • Substitute EXAMPLE with the name of the environment variable.

    • Substitute mysecret with the name of the target secret.

    • Substitute key with the key mapped to the target value.

      For example, to access the user ID that is stored in userdetailssecret, use the following YAML:

      name: test
      namespace: ""
      runtime: go
      ...
      envs:
      - value: '{{ configMap:userdetailssecret:userid }}'
  3. Save the configuration.

Setting environment variable from a key value defined in a config map

You can set an environment variable from a key value defined as a config map. A value previously stored in a config map can then be accessed as an environment variable by the function at runtime. This can be useful for getting access to a value stored in a config map, such as the ID of a user.

Prerequisites
  • The OpenShift Serverless Operator and Knative Serving are installed on the cluster.

  • You have installed the Knative (kn) CLI.

  • You have created a function.

Procedure
  1. Open the func.yaml file for your function.

  2. For each value from a config map key-value pair that you want to assign to an environment variable, add the following YAML to the envs section:

    name: test
    namespace: ""
    runtime: go
    ...
    envs:
    - name: EXAMPLE
      value: '{{ configMap:myconfigmap:key }}'
    • Substitute EXAMPLE with the name of the environment variable.

    • Substitute myconfigmap with the name of the target config map.

    • Substitute key with the key mapped to the target value.

      For example, to access the user ID that is stored in userdetailsmap, use the following YAML:

      name: test
      namespace: ""
      runtime: go
      ...
      envs:
      - value: '{{ configMap:userdetailsmap:userid }}'
  3. Save the configuration.

Setting environment variables from all values defined in a secret

You can set an environment variable from all values defined in a secret. Values previously stored in a secret can then be accessed as environment variables by the function at runtime. This can be useful for simultaneously getting access to a collection of values stored in a secret, for example, a set of data pertaining to a user.

Prerequisites
  • The OpenShift Serverless Operator and Knative Serving are installed on the cluster.

  • You have installed the Knative (kn) CLI.

  • You have created a function.

Procedure
  1. Open the func.yaml file for your function.

  2. For every secret for which you want to import all key-value pairs as environment variables, add the following YAML to the envs section:<