Overview

You can provision your OpenShift Container Platform cluster with persistent storage using OpenStack Cinder. Some familiarity with Kubernetes and OpenStack is assumed.

Before you create persistent volumes (PVs) using Cinder, configured OpenShift Container Platform for OpenStack.

The Kubernetes persistent volume framework allows administrators to provision a cluster with persistent storage and gives users a way to request those resources without having any knowledge of the underlying infrastructure. You can provision OpenStack Cinder volumes dynamically.

Persistent volumes are not bound to a single project or namespace; they can be shared across the OpenShift Container Platform cluster. Persistent volume claims, however, are specific to a project or namespace and can be requested by users.

High-availability of storage in the infrastructure is left to the underlying storage provider.

Provisioning Cinder PVs

Storage must exist in the underlying infrastructure before it can be mounted as a volume in OpenShift Container Platform. After ensuring that OpenShift Container Platform is configured for OpenStack, all that is required for Cinder is a Cinder volume ID and the PersistentVolume API.

Creating the Persistent Volume

Cinder does not support the 'Recycle' reclaim policy.

You must define your PV in an object definition before creating it in OpenShift Container Platform:

  1. Save your object definition to a file, for example cinder-pv.yaml:

    apiVersion: "v1"
    kind: "PersistentVolume"
    metadata:
      name: "pv0001" (1)
    spec:
      capacity:
        storage: "5Gi" (2)
      accessModes:
        - "ReadWriteOnce"
      cinder: (3)
        fsType: "ext3" (4)
        volumeID: "f37a03aa-6212-4c62-a805-9ce139fab180" (5)
    1 The name of the volume that is used by persistent volume claims or pods.
    2 The amount of storage allocated to this volume.
    3 The volume type, in this case cinder.
    4 File system type to mount.
    5 The Cinder volume to use.

    Do not change the fstype parameter value after the volume is formatted and provisioned. Changing this value can result in data loss and pod failure.

  2. Create the persistent volume:

    # oc create -f cinder-pv.yaml
    
    persistentvolume "pv0001" created
  3. Verify that the persistent volume exists:

    # oc get pv
    
    NAME      LABELS    CAPACITY   ACCESSMODES   STATUS      CLAIM     REASON    AGE
    pv0001    <none>    5Gi        RWO           Available                       2s

Users can then request storage using persistent volume claims, which can now utilize your new persistent volume.

Persistent volume claims exist only in the user’s namespace and can be referenced by a pod within that same namespace. Any attempt to access a persistent volume claim from a different namespace causes the pod to fail.

Cinder PV format

Before OpenShift Container Platform mounts the volume and passes it to a container, it checks that it contains a file system as specified by the fsType parameter in the persistent volume definition. If the device is not formatted with the file system, all data from the device is erased and the device is automatically formatted with the given file system.

This allows using unformatted Cinder volumes as persistent volumes, because OpenShift Container Platform formats them before the first use.

Cinder volume security

If you use Cinder PVs in your application, configure security for their deployment configurations.

Review the Volume Security information before implementing Cinder volumes.

  1. Create an SCC that uses the appropriate fsGroup strategy.

  2. Create a service account and add it to the SCC:

    [source,bash]
    $ oc create serviceaccount <service_account>
    $ oc adm policy add-scc-to-user <new_scc> -z <service_account> -n <project>
  3. In your application’s deployment configuration, provide the service account name and securityContext:

    apiVersion: v1
    kind: ReplicationController
    metadata:
      name: frontend-1
    spec:
      replicas: 1  (1)
      selector:    (2)
        name: frontend
      template:    (3)
        metadata:
          labels:  (4)
            name: frontend (5)
        spec:
          containers:
          - image: openshift/hello-openshift
            name: helloworld
            ports:
            - containerPort: 8080
              protocol: TCP
          restartPolicy: Always
          serviceAccountName: <service_account> (6)
          securityContext:
            fsGroup: 7777 (7)
    1 The number of copies of the pod to run.
    2 The label selector of the pod to run.
    3 A template for the pod the controller creates.
    4 The labels on the pod must include labels from the label selector.
    5 The maximum name length after expanding any parameters is 63 characters.
    6 Specify the service account you created.
    7 Specify an fsGroup for the pods.